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Biéville-Beuville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. The hyphenated name originates from the parishes of Biéville-sur-Orne and Beuville, which were united in the 1970s.

Biéville-Beuville
Chateau of Biéville
Chateau of Biéville
Location of Biéville-Beuville
Biéville-Beuville is located in France
Biéville-Beuville
Biéville-Beuville
Biéville-Beuville is located in Normandy
Biéville-Beuville
Biéville-Beuville
Coordinates: 49°14′11″N 0°19′33″W / 49.2364°N 0.3258°W / 49.2364; -0.3258Coordinates: 49°14′11″N 0°19′33″W / 49.2364°N 0.3258°W / 49.2364; -0.3258
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
CantonOuistreham
IntercommunalityCaen la Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Dominique Vinot-Battistoni
Area
1
11.15 km2 (4.31 sq mi)
Population
(2008)2
2,525
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Boevillais
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
Calvados /14112
Elevation1–58 m (3.3–190.3 ft)
(avg. 30 m or 98 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

ToponymyEdit

The name Biéville is believed to come from the Old German name Boio[1] or Boia[2] combined with the Old French ville, meaning farm. Biéville was recorded as Boiavilla in 1082.[3] Residents (of the combined town) are still known as Boevillais.

Similarly, Beuville is believed to come from the Old German name Bodo. It was recorded as Bodvilla in 1134.[1][2]

Norman settlers from the area in Scotland and England carried surnames such as de Bouvelles, de Bovelles, de Boyuille and de Boyuill, and are believed to be the origin of the common surnames Boyle and Bowles.[4]

HistoryEdit

Until the middle of the 16th century, the seignory of Beuville remained in the hands of the de Beuville family. In 1770, it fell to the Lecocq family; Louis Lecocq was the last lord of Beuville before the French Revolution overthrew the nobility.[5]

The lordship of Bieville was a fiefferme (a fiefdom owned by the crown but leased to a local lord). The lords of Biéville were less powerful than the lords of other seignories such as Beuville, as their lands were not centralized. The lords of Biéville operated several other significant estates, including Rubercy, la Vallée, Balleroy, and la Londe.

During the Second World War, the British fought the Germans for more than a month nearby. The two parishes were united to form one commune in 1972.[6]

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1793799—    
1800811+1.5%
1806853+5.2%
1821857+0.5%
1831857+0.0%
1836827−3.5%
1841851+2.9%
1846883+3.8%
1851884+0.1%
1856879−0.6%
1861875−0.5%
1866797−8.9%
1872781−2.0%
1876779−0.3%
1881715−8.2%
1886639−10.6%
1891657+2.8%
1896568−13.5%
1901567−0.2%
1906562−0.9%
1911553−1.6%
1921586+6.0%
1926579−1.2%
1931571−1.4%
1936578+1.2%
1946639+10.6%
1954713+11.6%
1962810+13.6%
19681,117+37.9%
19751,321+18.3%
19821,606+21.6%
19902,223+38.4%
19992,191−1.4%
20082,525+15.2%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dauzat, Albert; Rostaing, Charles (1963). Larousse, ed. Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieux en France. Paris.
  2. ^ a b Lepelley, René (1996). Charles Corlet, ed. Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de communes de Normandie (in French). Condé-sur-Noireau. p. 68.
  3. ^ Bourrienne, V. (1895). Malherbe: points obscure et nouveaux de sa vie normande (in French). A. Picard et fils. p. 140. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  4. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Coates, Richard; McClure, Peter (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 298. ISBN 9780192527479. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  5. ^ "La commune et son histoire" (in French). Commune de Biéville-Beuville. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  6. ^ "La mémoire des pierres" (in French). Commune de Biéville-Beuville aux portes de Caen Calvados Normandie. 15 January 2016.

External linksEdit