Berton Roueché (// roo-SHAY; April 16, 1910 – April 28, 1994) was a medical writer who wrote for The New Yorker magazine for almost fifty years. He also wrote twenty books, including Eleven Blue Men (1954), The Incurable Wound (1958), Feral (1974), and The Medical Detectives (1980). An article he wrote for The New Yorker was made into the 1956 film Bigger Than Life, and many of the medical mysteries on the television show House were inspired by Roueché's writings.
CDC portrait of Berton Roueché
|Born||April 16, 1910|
Kansas City, Missouri, United States
|Died||April 28, 1994 (aged 84)|
Amagansett, New York, United States
|Occupation||Journalist, novelist, writer|
|Education||Bachelor of Journalism degree from the Missouri School of Journalism|
|Alma mater||University of Missouri|
|Genre||Non-fiction, detective, mystery, suspense|
|Subject||Medical writing, epidemiology, public health, infectious diseases|
|Notable works||Eleven Blue Men (1954)|
The Incurable Wound (1958)
The Medical Detectives (1980)
|Notable awards||Raven Award – Best Book in a Mystery Field – Mystery Writers of America|
1954 Eleven Blue Men
Academy Award – Literature – The American Academy of Arts and Letters
|Spouse||Katherine Eisenhower Roueché (m. 1936–1994)|
|Children||Arthur Bradford Roueché (b. 1942)|
|Relatives||Colonel Mossman Roueché (brother)|
Berton Roueché was born in Kansas City, Missouri, on April 16, 1910. He graduated from Southwest High School in Kansas City in 1928 and is a member of the Southwest High School Hall of Fame. He received an undergraduate journalism degree at the University of Missouri in 1933. He was a reporter for The Kansas City Star, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, and the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. On October 28, 1936, he married Katherine Eisenhower, the niece of future U.S. President General Dwight D. Eisenhower. She remained his wife until his death in 1994. They had one child, Arthur Bradford Roueché, who was born November 16, 1942.
In 1944, he was hired as a staff writer for The New Yorker magazine. In 1946, "The Annals of Medicine" department of the magazine was created for him. "The Annals of Medicine" is a series about medical detection and the fight against different diseases. An article he wrote for The New Yorker, titled "Ten Feet Tall", was made into a 1956 film called Bigger Than Life, which stars James Mason. The article and film are about the negative side effects of the drug cortisone. Roueché remained a staff writer for The New Yorker until his death, a span of about fifty years.
In addition to writing for The New Yorker, he also wrote twenty books. The books are mostly pieces of medical writing, focused on epidemiology, with elements of mystery and detective work. He also wrote several suspense novels, these include Black Weather (1945), The Last Enemy (1956), Feral (1974), and Fago (1977). Roueché's writings, especially his book The Medical Detectives (1980), inspired in part the television show House, which premiered in 2004 on the Fox network. Many of the medical cases in the show are directly inspired by real-life cases in The Medical Detectives. His 1954 book Eleven Blue Men, which was a collection of pieces he had written for The New Yorker, was awarded a Raven by the Mystery Writers of America. In 1982, he received an Academy Award of The American Academy of Arts and Letters for literature. He also received awards from the American Medical Association, the New England Journal of Medicine, the Kansas City Academy of Medicine, the American Medical Writers Association, and the Lasker Foundation.
On April 28, 1994, Roueché died at his home in Amagansett, Long Island. He was 84 years old. He committed suicide by a shotgun wound to his head. He had been diagnosed with emphysema five years earlier, and his wife said he had been depressed.
- Black Weather (1945) (also known as Rooming House)
- Greener Grass (1948)
- Phone Call
- The Delectable Mountains (1953)
- Eleven Blue Men, and Other Narratives of Medical Detection (1954)
- Annals of Medical Detection (Eleven Blue Men - Alternative Title) (1954)
- The Last Enemy (1956)
- The Incurable Wound and Further Narratives of Medical Detection (1958)
- The Neutral Spirit: a Portrait of Alcohol (1960)
- A Man Named Hoffman and Other Narratives of Medical Detection (1966)
- Annals of Epidemiology (1967)
- What's Left (1968)
- The Orange Man and Other Narratives of Medical Detection (1971)
- Feral (1974) (also released as The Cats)
- Desert and plain, the mountains and the river: A celebration of rural America (1975)
- Fago (1977)
- The River World and Other Explorations (1978)
- The Medical Detectives (1980)
- Special Places: In Search of Small Town America (1982)
- The Medical Detectives II (1984)
- Sea to Shining Sea: People, Travels, Places (1987)
- The Man Who Grew Two Breasts: And Other True Tales of Medical Detection (1996) (published posthumously; the book contains seven installments from The New Yorker feature, "The Annals of Medicine", that had not been in any books previously)
- Curiosities of Medicine: An assembly of medical diversions, 1552–1962 (1963)
- Handbook for World Travelers: Field Guide to Disease (1967)
- Berger-Knorr, Lawrence (2005). The Pennsylvania Relations of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Sunbury Press. p. 101. ISBN 0-9760925-4-9. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Eisenhower Family Tree". Eisenhower Birthplace State Historic Site. Archived from the original on March 20, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Collins, Glenn (April 29, 1994). "Berton Roueche, Medical Writer For The New Yorker, Dies at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2008. (Note that Roueché's date of death is derived from the date of publication for this article, which is April 29, 1994, and the fact that the article says he "died yesterday", which makes his date of death April 28, 1994. Also note that the article incorrectly says his age at death was 83; if he was born April 16, 1910, his age at death would have been 84.)
- Balliett, Whitney (May 16, 1994). "Berton Roueche". The New Yorker. CondéNet: 11. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Full cast and crew for Bigger Than Life (1956)". The Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Gibson, Stacey (Winter 2008). "The House That Dave Built". University of Toronto Magazine. University of Toronto. Retrieved April 5, 2008. (last sentence of 8th paragraph)
- Cowles, Matthew Dixon (May 11, 2007). "Book: The Medical Detectives by Berton Roueché". Mondo's Info. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "Southwest High School Hall of Fame". Southwest High School Alumni Association. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Lerner, Barron H. (December 8, 2005). "Remembering Berton Roueché — Master of Medical Mysteries". The New England Journal of Medicine. Massachusetts Medical Society. 353 (23): 2428–2431. doi:10.1056/NEJMp058147. PMID 16339093.
- "Berton Roueche on LibraryThing". LibraryThing. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- "The Literature, Arts & Medicine Database - Roueche, Berton". New York University. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Roueche, Berton (1996). Editorial Reviews for The Man Who Grew Two Breasts: And Other True Tales of Medical Detection. ISBN 0452274109.