Bertha of Swabia (French: Berthe; German: Berta; c. 907 AD – after January 2, 966), a member of the Alemannic Hunfriding dynasty, was queen of Burgundy from 922 until 937 and queen of Italy from 922 until 926, by her marriage with King Rudolph II. She was again queen of Italy during her second marriage with King Hugh from 937 until his death in 948.
|Bertha of Swabia|
|Queen consort of Burgundy|
|Tenure||922 – 11 July 937|
|Queen consort of Italy|
|Tenure||922 – 926|
12 December 937 – 10 April 948
|Died||after January 2, 966|
|Spouse||Rudolph II of Burgundy|
Hugh of Italy
|Issue||Adelaide, Holy Roman Empress|
Conrad I of Burgundy
|Father||Burchard II, Duke of Swabia|
|Mother||Regelinda of Zürich|
Bertha was the daughter of Duke Burchard II of Swabia and his wife Regelinda. In 922, she was married to the Burgundian king Rudolph II. The Welf rulers of Upper Burgundy had campaigned the adjacent Swabian Thurgau region several times, and the marriage was meant as a gesture of reconciliation. With her husband Rudolph, Bertha founded the church of Amsoldingen.
Rudolph died in 937, whereupon Bertha married King Hugh of Italy in what is today Colombier on 12 December 937. This marriage was not a happy one; when Hugh died in 947, Bertha returned to Burgundy.
Between 950 and 960, Bertha founded Payerne Priory, where she was buried. Up to today she is venerated as "Good Queen Bertha" (La reine Berthe) in the Swiss Romandy region, mainly in Vaud, and numerous myths and legends have evolved about her life.
Bertha and Rudolph had:
- Reuter, Timothy; McKitterick, Rosamond, eds. (1999). "Appendix". The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 3, c.900-c.1024. Cambridge University Press.
- Rumpf, Marianne (1977). Translated by Hellenberg, Anthony; Tucker, Elizabeth. "The Legends of Bertha in Switzerland". Journal of the Folklore Institute. 14 (3): 181–195. doi:10.2307/3814073. JSTOR 3814073.
- (in French) Legend associated with the Queen Bertha
- Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands Project on Rudolf II and Bertha of Swabia and their children, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy