Bertha of Burgundy

Bertha of Burgundy (964 – 16 January 1010) was the daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, King of Burgundy[1] and his wife Matilda, daughter of Louis IV, King of France and Gerberga of Saxony. She was named for her father's mother, Bertha of Swabia.

Bertha of Burgundy
Bertha of Burgundy.jpg
Queen consort of the Franks
Died16 January 1010
SpouseOdo I, Count of Blois
Robert II of France
HouseElder House of Welf
FatherConrad of Burgundy
MotherMatilda of France

She first married Odo I, Count of Blois in about 983.[2] They had several children, including Odo II.[1]

After the death of her husband in 996, Bertha's second cousin Robert, the heir to the throne of France, wished to marry her, in place of his divorced first wife Rozala, who was many years his senior. The union was opposed by his father, Hugh Capet, King of France, due to the political problem that could be caused by religious authorities due to their consanguinity. However, the marriage went ahead around the time of Hugh's death in October 996, which left Robert as king. Pope Gregory V and his successor Sylvester II pronounced anathemas against Robert for his "incestuous" marriage and the pair were forced to separate, but Robert several times attempted to rejoin her.[3]



  1. ^ a b Stefan Weinfurter, The Salian Century: Main Currents in an Age of Transition, transl. Barbara M. Bowlus, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 46.
  2. ^ Burgundy and Provence 879-1032, Constance Brittain Bourchard, The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. III, ed. Timothy Reuter, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 342.
  3. ^ Bourchard, Constance (1981). "Consanguinity and Noble Marriages in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries". Speculum. 56: 276–77. ISSN 0038-7134.

French royalty
Preceded by
Susanna of Italy
Queen consort of the Franks
Succeeded by
Constance of Arles