Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"

The Belarusian Left Party "A Just World" (Belarusian: Беларуская партыя левых «Справядлівы свет», romanizedBielaruskaja partyja lievych «Spraviadlivy sviet»; Russian: Белорусская партия левых «Справедливый мир», romanizedBelorusskaya partiya levykh «Spravedlivyy mir») is a left-wing[1] political party in Belarus that opposes the government of president Alexander Lukashenko. Until October 2009 it was known as the Belarusian Party of Communists (PCB; Belarusian: Партыя камуністаў беларуская; ПКБ, romanizedPartyja kamunistaŭ bielaruskaja; PKB; Russian: Партия коммунистов белорусская; ПКБ, romanizedPartiya kommunistov belorusskaya; PKB, literally "Party of Communists Belarusian").

Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"

Беларуская партыя левых «Справядлівы свет»
Белорусская партия левых «Справедливый мир»
LeaderSergey Kalyakin
Founded7 December 1991; 29 years ago (1991-12-07) (PCB)
25 October 2009; 11 years ago (2009-10-25) (A Just World)
Preceded byCommunist Party of Byelorussia
Headquarters11th building, Radialnaya St, Minsk, Belarus. 220070
NewspaperNovyi Tovarishch (New Comrade)
Membership (2009)1,250
IdeologyCommunism[1]
Marxism
Socialism[2]
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
National affiliationUnited Democratic Forces of Belarus
European affiliationParty of the European Left
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Colours  Red
AnthemThe Internationale
House of Representatives
0 / 110
Council of the Republic
0 / 64
Local seats
2 / 18,110
Website
spravmir.org

HistoryEdit

Founded as the Belarusian Party of Communists (PСB) in 1991 as the legal successor to the ruling Communist Party of Byelorussia, the organization originally emerged as one of the major political parties in independent Belarus. In 1996 a pro-Lukashenko faction of the party broke away and formed the Communist Party of Belarus.

In the 13–17 October 2004 legislative elections, the party was part of the People's Coalition 5 Plus, which did not secure any seats. These elections fell significantly short of OSCE commitments according to the OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission. Universal principles and constitutionally guaranteed rights of expression, association and assembly were seriously challenged, calling into question the Belarusian authorities' willingness to respect the concept of political competition on a basis of equal treatment. According to this mission principles of an inclusive democratic process, whereby citizens have the right to seek political office without discrimination, candidates to present their views without obstruction, and voters to learn about them and discuss them freely, were largely ignored.[3]

The party was banned for six months for paperwork irregularities on 2 August 2007.[4]

The party is led by Sergey Kalyakin. In February 2007, Kalyakin visited the United States and met both chambers of the US Congress, Department of State officials, and representatives of non-governmental organizations in order to discuss ways in which the United States could influence processes that were taking place in Belarus. In addition, Kalyakin suggested that the United States, the European Union and Russia cooperate to develop a common policy regarding Belarus.[5]

As of October 2009, the party is a member of the Party of the European Left.[6]

In November 2009 the party renamed to Belarusian United Left Party "A Just World."[7]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
1994 Vasil Novikaŭ 253,009
4.29%
Lost  N
2001 Sergey Kalyakin Not admitted to the elections
2006 Endorsed Alaksandar Milinkievič 405,486
6.12%
Lost  N
2010 Did not contest
2015 Sergey Kalyakin Not admitted to the elections
2020 Did not contest

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
1995 Sergey Kalyakin
43 / 260
New 1st Opposition
2000
0 / 110
  43 7th Extra-parliamentary
2004 160,011
2.62%
(5 Plus)
New
0 / 110
  0   7th Extra-parliamentary
2008 127,429
2.37%
  0.25
0 / 110
  0   3rd Extra-parliamentary
2012 98,288
1.87%
  0.50
0 / 110
  0   5th Extra-parliamentary
2016 72,185
1.40%
  0.37
0 / 110
  0   7th Extra-parliamentary
2019 37,861
0.72%
  0.68
0 / 110
  0   9th Extra-parliamentary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Korosteleva, Elena (2005). "The Emergence of a Party System". Postcommunist Belarus. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 38. ISBN 0-7425-3555-X.
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2008). "Belarus". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011.
  3. ^ PDF Archived 6 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Internet hostile to Belarus: president". Reuters. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Group of Belarusian opposition leaders to visit USA". naviny.by. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  6. ^ Member parties of the European Left Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Belarus". europeanforum.net. Archived from the original on 18 April 2005. Retrieved 21 January 2015.

External linksEdit