Communist Party of Belarus

The Communist Party of Belarus (CPB; Russian: Коммунисти́ческая па́ртия Белару́си, romanizedKommunisticheskaya Partiya Belarusi; Belarusian: Камуністы́чная па́ртыя Белару́сі, romanizedKamunistyčnaja Partyja Bielarusi) is a communist[3] and Marxist–Leninist[3] political party in Belarus. The party was created in 1996 and supports the government of president Alexander Lukashenko.[4] The leader of the party is Aliaksiej Sokal.[5] The party has had more seats in the National Assembly of Belarus than any other party since the 2000 Belarusian parliamentary election, the first national election it participated in. However, most seats in the Belarusian legislature are held by independent politicians.

Communist Party of Belarus
Коммунистическая партия Беларуси
Камуністычная партыя Беларусі
AbbreviationCPB / КПБ
Secretary-GeneralAliaksiej Sokal
FoundersYefrem Sokolov
Viktor Chikin
Founded2 November 1996; 26 years ago (1996-11-02)[1]
Split fromParty of Communists of Belarus
Headquarters21st Building, Chicherina St, Minsk, Belarus
NewspaperCommunist Belarus
Youth wingCommunist Youth League
Membership (2011)6,000[2]
Soviet patriotism
Belarusian–Russian unionism
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationRKSKPPGA
Regional affiliationUPC–CPSU
International affiliationIMCWP
Slogan"Democracy, Justice, Socialism!"
(Russian: «Народовластие, справедливость, социализм!»)
House of Representatives
11 / 110
Council of the Republic
17 / 64
Local seats
309 / 18,110
Party flag
Flag of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (1951–1991).svg


The party suggested merging with the Party of Communists of Belarus (PKB) on July 15, 2006. While the Communist Party of Belarus is a pro-presidential party, the Party of Communists of Belarus was one of the major opposition parties in Belarus. According to Sergey Kalyakin, the chairman of the PKB, the so-called "re-unification" of the two parties was a plot designed to oust the opposition PKB.[6]

The main foreign policy goal of strengthening the party proclaimed national security through the development of Belarus-Russia Union State and the phase reconstruction voluntarily renewed Union nations, strengthening its political and economic independence.

The KPB is part of the Union of Communist Parties - Communist Party of the Soviet Union (SKP - KPSS) and the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties (IMCWP); it enjoys relations with other communist parties in post-Soviet states and throughout the world to a much greater extent than the PKB, which is affiliated with the Party of the European Left and is considered by many in the region to be "pro-Western."

At the 2004 parliamentary election, the KPB obtained 5.99% and 8 out of 110 seats in the House of Representatives, 6 seats in 2008 and even less in 2012 - where it won 3 seats.

Because of the party's support for President Lukashenko, 17 of its members were appointed by him in the country's upper house, the Council of the Republic of Belarus, in 2012.

In 2014, the party increased its representation by obtaining 5 seats.

The party improved its result in the 2016 parliamentary elections, where it won 8 seats and then further increased it in the 2019 elections - where it won 11 seats.

During the 2020–21 Belarusian protests, the Communist Party of Belarus participated in a meeting in support of Alexander Lukashenko.[7]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2001 Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko 4,666,680
Elected  Y
2006 Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko 5,501,249
Elected  Y
2010 Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko 5,130,557
Elected  Y
2015 Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko 5,102,478
Elected  Y
2020 Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko 4,661,075
Elected  Y

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Party leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % ± pp Seats +/–
2000 Viktor Chikin No data
6 / 110
New 1st Support
2004 Tatsyana Holubeva 334,383
8 / 110
  2   1st Support
2008 229,986
6 / 110
  2   1st Support
2012 141,095
3 / 110
  3   1st Support
2016 Igor Karpenko 380,770
8 / 110
  5   1st Coalition
2019 Aliaksiej Sokal 559,537
11 / 110
  3   1st Coalition

Party leadersEdit

Secretary-General[8] Took Office Left Office
1 Viktor Valentinovich Chikin 2 November 1996 November 2001
2 Valieryj Mikalajevič Zacharčanka November 2001 29 July 2004
3 Tatsyana Hienadzieŭna Holubeva 4 March 2005 20 October 2012
4 Ihar Vasiĺjevič Karpienka 20 October 2012 4 May 2017
5 Aliaksiej Mikalajevič Sokal 4 May 2017 Incumbent


  1. ^ Archived 2020-01-28 at the Wayback Machine Программа Коммунистической партии Беларуси
  2. ^ "КНР под руководством КПК мощными темпами идет вперед и это радует белорусских коммунистов -- первый секретарь ЦК КПБ". Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Belarus". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  4. ^ European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity Archived 2014-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Archived 2022-03-02 at the Wayback Machine Первым секретарём ЦК КПБ избран А.Н. Сокол
  6. ^ Kalyakin: Merger of Communist Parties Is Belarusian Secret Services’ Invention Archived 2006-08-27 at the Wayback Machine, Charter'97 :: News :: 08/06/2006
  7. ^ "УЧАСТИЕ В МИТИНГЕ НА ПЛОЩАДИ НЕЗАВИСИМОСТИ". Archived from the original on 2020-09-13. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  8. ^ Archived 2021-05-12 at the Wayback Machine 5.01.2014. Новости Беларуси. КОММУНИСТИЧЕСКОЙ ПАРТИИ БЕЛАРУСИ – 95 ЛЕТ

External linksEdit