The Communist Party of Belarus (CPB; Russian: Коммунисти́ческая па́ртия Белару́си, romanized: Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Belarusi; Belarusian: Камуністы́чная па́ртыя Белару́сі, romanized: Kamunistyčnaja Partyja Bielarusi) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Belarus. The party was created in 1996 and supports the government of president Alexander Lukashenko. The leader of the party is Aliaksiej Sokal. The party has had more seats in the National Assembly of Belarus than any other party since the 2000 Belarusian parliamentary election, the first national election it participated in. However, most seats in the Belarusian legislature are held by independent politicians.
|Abbreviation||CPB / КПБ|
|Founded||2 November 1996|
|Split from||Party of Communists of Belarus|
|Headquarters||21st Building, Chicherina St, Minsk, Belarus|
|Youth wing||Communist Youth League|
|Slogan||"Democracy, Justice, Socialism!"|
(Russian: «Народовластие, справедливость, социализм!»)
|House of Representatives|
11 / 110
|Council of the Republic|
17 / 64
309 / 18,110
The party suggested merging with the Party of Communists of Belarus (PKB) on July 15, 2006. While the Communist Party of Belarus is a pro-presidential party, the Party of Communists of Belarus was one of the major opposition parties in Belarus. According to Sergey Kalyakin, the chairman of the PKB, the so-called "re-unification" of the two parties was a plot designed to oust the opposition PKB.
The main foreign policy goal of strengthening the party proclaimed national security through the development of Belarus-Russia Union State and the phase reconstruction voluntarily renewed Union nations, strengthening its political and economic independence.
The KPB is part of the Union of Communist Parties - Communist Party of the Soviet Union (SKP - KPSS) and the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties (IMCWP); it enjoys relations with other communist parties in post-Soviet states and throughout the world to a much greater extent than the PKB, which is affiliated with the Party of the European Left and is considered by many in the region to be "pro-Western."
In 2014, the party increased its representation by obtaining 5 seats.
The party improved its result in the 2016 parliamentary elections, where it won 8 seats and then further increased it in the 2019 elections - where it won 11 seats.
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round||Result|
|2001||Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko||4,666,680||Elected|
|2006||Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko||5,501,249||Elected|
|2010||Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko||5,130,557||Elected|
|2015||Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko||5,102,478||Elected|
|2020||Endorsed Alexander Lukashenko||4,661,075||Elected|
|2000||Viktor Chikin||No data||
6 / 110
8 / 110
6 / 110
3 / 110
8 / 110
11 / 110
|№||Secretary-General||Took Office||Left Office|
|1||Viktor Valentinovich Chikin||2 November 1996||November 2001|
|2||Valieryj Mikalajevič Zacharčanka||November 2001||29 July 2004|
|3||Tatsyana Hienadzieŭna Holubeva||4 March 2005||20 October 2012|
|4||Ihar Vasiĺjevič Karpienka||20 October 2012||4 May 2017|
|5||Aliaksiej Mikalajevič Sokal||4 May 2017||Incumbent|
- http://www.krasnoetv.ru/node/6550 Archived 2020-01-28 at the Wayback Machine Программа Коммунистической партии Беларуси
- "КНР под руководством КПК мощными темпами идет вперед и это радует белорусских коммунистов -- первый секретарь ЦК КПБ". Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Belarus". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 2019-11-28. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
- European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity Archived 2014-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
- https://msk.kprf.ru/2017/05/17/27191/ Archived 2022-03-02 at the Wayback Machine Первым секретарём ЦК КПБ избран А.Н. Сокол
- Kalyakin: Merger of Communist Parties Is Belarusian Secret Services’ Invention Archived 2006-08-27 at the Wayback Machine, Charter'97 :: News :: 08/06/2006
- "УЧАСТИЕ В МИТИНГЕ НА ПЛОЩАДИ НЕЗАВИСИМОСТИ". Archived from the original on 2020-09-13. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
- http://skpkpss.ru/5-01-2014-novosti-belarusi-kommunisticheskoj-partii-belarusi-95-let/ Archived 2021-05-12 at the Wayback Machine 5.01.2014. Новости Беларуси. КОММУНИСТИЧЕСКОЙ ПАРТИИ БЕЛАРУСИ – 95 ЛЕТ
- Official website (in Russian)