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Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology is a unit of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign dedicated to interdisciplinary research. A gift from scientist, businessman, and philanthropist Arnold O. Beckman (1900–2004) and his wife Mabel (1900–1989)[1][2] led to the building of the Institute which opened in 1989. It is one of five institutions which receive support from the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation on an ongoing basis.[3][4] Current research at Beckman involves the areas of molecular engineering, intelligent systems, and imaging science. Researchers in these areas work across traditional academic boundaries in scientific projects that can lead to the development of real-world applications in medicine, industry, electronics, and human health across the lifespan.[4]

The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology
A photo of the exterior of the Beckman Institute
Established1989
Missioninterdisciplinary collaborative research
FocusIntelligent Systems, Integrative Imaging, Molecular Science and Engineering
DirectorJeffrey S. Moore
Location, ,
United States
Address405 North Mathews Avenue
Websitebeckman.illinois.edu

HistoryEdit

The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology has its origins in a 1983 meeting in which chancellor John E. Cribbet, Theodore L. Brown, Mort Weir, Lewis Barron and Ned Goldwasser strategized about approaching private sources to fund new large-scale science projects and centers on the University of Illinois campus.[5]:4 Two committees were formed, chaired by William T. Greenough (psychology) and Greg Stillman (electrical and computer engineering) (later Karl Hess) to develop ideas for a broadly multidisciplinary research facility.[5]:6–7 Thomas Eugene Everhart, who succeeded Cribbet as chancellor in 1984, and Sarah Wasserman, assistant vice-chancellor for research, helped Brown and Weir to review and develop the final proposal.[5]:9 The committee reports were combined to propose an institute with two main divisions, a center for biology, behavior, and cognition, and another center for materials science, computers and computation. The institution's research program would explore intelligence in the broadest possible sense, extending "from artificial systems invented by man to natural systems found in the biological world".[5]:14

Arnold Beckman was approached with the proposal by university president Stanley lkenberry, Lew Barron, and Mort Weir. Beckman estimated that the proposal would require the unprecedented sum of $50 million.[5]:10 On October 5, 1985, the university officially announced that Arnold and Mabel Beckman had made the largest donation ever given to a public university at that time – $40M, with a $10M supplement from the state of Illinois – to build a research center at Illinois that would encourage scientists and engineers from different disciplines to work together.[5]:x, 12–13 By December 10, 1985, the university had chosen the architectural firm of Smith, Hinchman and Grylls (SH&G) and architectural designer Ralph Youngren for the project.[5]:16–17, 19 A symbolic ground-breaking ceremony took place October 10, 1986.[6] Theodore L. Brown, who had been actively involved in the project as vice chancellor for research and graduate dean, became the first director of the institute as of March 12, 1987.[5]:30 William T. Greenough and Karl Hess became associate directors, with half-time appointments, in the fall of 1987.[5]:38

By December 1988, the building was sufficiently advanced that faculty groups could begin to move in.[5]:46 Administrative offices were temporarily located in the basement. An official inauguration ceremony was held on April 7, 1989, to open the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology as one of the first research centers in the world dedicated to interdisciplinary research.[5]:53 Theodore L. Brown was succeeded as director in the summer of 1993 by chemist Jiri Jonas.[5]:71 Jiri Jonas was the Beckman Institute Director from 1993–2001; he was succeeded by Pierre Wiltzius, Beckman Institute Director from 2001–2008; Tamer Başar, Interim Director from 2008–2009;[7] Arthur F. Kramer, Director from 2010–2016; and Jeffrey S. Moore, Director from 2016–present.

According to the 2013–2014 Annual Report of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, more than 200 faculty members from 11 colleges and over 50 different departments are involved in the Beckman Institute. They work with postdoctoral and research scientists, and graduate and undergraduate students doing science in a wide variety of areas.[8]

ResearchEdit

External video
 
  “Overview of the Beckman Institute”, Beckman Institute

Scientific exploration at the Beckman Institute is centered around three broad research themes: Intelligent Systems, Integrative Imaging, and Molecular Science and Engineering.[9]

The Intelligent Systems research theme (IntelSys) is a merging of two older themes (Biological Intelligence and Human-Computer Intelligent Interaction). The theme is comprehensive in scope, as researchers seek to understand the brain, cognition, and behavior from the molecular and cellular levels to higher cognitive functions such as memory, attention, and decision making. It also includes technology research such as computer vision, event-related optical signal and speech recognition.

The Integrative Imaging (IntIm) research theme is geared toward the interdisciplinary discovery of fundamental principles in imaging science, and developing new technologies for the next generation of imaging instruments and novel techniques for basic and translational research. Many researchers in the IntIm theme are working on biomedical applications, using ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, biophotonics, or medical optical imaging.

The Molecular Science and Engineering (MSE) research theme brings together scientists from biology, engineering, physics and chemistry, to study molecular structures and processes. The MSE research portfolio includes molecular engineering, self-healing materials, and computational biophysics (such as NAMD).

Notable facultyEdit

Tenure-track or tenured faculty members of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign are eligible to become members of the Beckman Institute. Prominent members of the Beckman Institute have included:

Beckman FellowshipsEdit

The Beckman Institute offers a variety of fellowship programs, which enable researchers to work for short periods of time at the Institute.[8] Beckman Postdoctoral Fellowships are awarded to Beckman scholars who receive 3-year appointments, including both a stipend and a research budget. The first Beckman postdoctoral scholars were Efrat Shimshoni (condensed matter physics) and Andrew Nobel (information theory and statistics).[5]:66 [34][8] Beckman Graduate Fellowships are awarded to students who are working at the master's or doctorate level.[8][35] Beckman Senior Fellowships are awarded to senior faculty from other institutions.[8][36]

Beckman Fellowships administered through the Beckman Institute should not be confused with those administered through the Center for Advanced Study (CAS) at the University of Urbana-Champaign.[37] The CAS awards a series of Beckman Fellowships and Beckman Research Awards which support faculty at Urbana-Champaign in their research activities. These awards were funded through an endowment from Arnold and Mabel Beckman, given in the late 1970s, prior to the establishment of the Beckman Institute. They are administered separately and are awarded throughout the university, not just within the sciences.[5]:3–4

Research servicesEdit

The Beckman Institute hosts two major core research facilities. The Biomedical Imaging Center (BIC) includes the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Laboratory, the Molecular Imaging Laboratory, and the Ultrasound Imaging Laboratory.[38] The Imaging Technology Group includes the Microscopy Suite and the Visualization Laboratory.[39]

Beckman Open HouseEdit

The Beckman Open House is a biennial event that is held in conjunction with UIUC Engineering Open House which is usually the second weekend in March.[40]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hahn, Barbara (2012-10-29). "A small town boy who found a book – Arnold Beckman". Barbara Hahn's Blog. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  2. ^ Arnold Thackray & Minor Myers, Jr. (2000). Arnold O. Beckman: One Hundred Years of Excellence. foreword by James D. Watson. Philadelphia, Pa.: Chemical Heritage Foundation. ISBN 978-0-941901-23-9.
  3. ^ Gochman, N. (2004). "Arnold O. Beckman, PhD (1900–2004)" (PDF). Clinical Chemistry. 50 (8): 1486. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2004.037861. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b "About the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology". University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Brown, Theodore L. (2009). Bridging Divides: The Origins of the Beckman Institute at Illinois. Urbana: University of Illinois. ISBN 978-0-252-03484-8. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  6. ^ Leetaru, Kalev. "Beckman Institute". University of Illinois: Virtual Campus Tour. University of Illinois. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  7. ^ Baser, Tamar. "2008-2009 Annual REport" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Kramer, Art. "2013-2014 Annual Report" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Beckman Institute Research". Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 1998–1999" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2009–2010" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2014–2015" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2000–2001" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  16. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2010–2011" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2001–2002" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2001–2002" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  20. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2001–2002" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2010–2011" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2014–2015" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2014–2015" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2009–2010" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2010–2011" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2010–2011" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2014–2015" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  31. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  32. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2014–2015" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  33. ^ "Beckman Institute Annual Report 2015–2016" (PDF). Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  34. ^ "Postdoctoral Fellows Alumni". Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  35. ^ "Graduate Fellows Program". Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  36. ^ "Senior Fellows Program". Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  37. ^ "CAS Fellows Archive". Center for Advanced Study, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  38. ^ "BIC". Biomedical Imaging Center, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  39. ^ "ITG". Imaging Technology Group, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  40. ^ "Beckman Institute Open House". Beckman Open House, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Retrieved 19 July 2018.

External linksEdit