Beatrice Gladys Lillie (29 May 1894 – 20 January 1989), known as Bea Lillie, was a Canadian-born British actress, singer and comedic performer.
Beatrice Gladys Lillie
29 May 1894
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||20 January 1989 (aged 94)|
|Occupation||Stage and film actress, singer and comedic performer|
|Spouse(s)||Sir Robert Peel, 5th Baronet (1920–1934) (his death)|
She began to perform as a child with her mother and sister. She made her West End debut in 1914 and soon gained notice in revues and light comedies, becoming known for her parodies of old-fashioned, flowery performing styles and absurd songs and sketches. She debuted in New York in 1924 and two years later starred in her first film, continuing to perform in both the US and UK. She was associated with revues staged by André Charlot and works of Noël Coward and Cole Porter, and frequently was paired with Gertrude Lawrence, Bert Lahr and Jack Haley.
Early life and careerEdit
Lillie was born in Toronto to Irish-born John Lillie and his wife Lucie Ann (née Shaw). She had an elder sister, Muriel (1893–1973), at one time an aspiring concert pianist who later played the piano at silent movie houses, married firstly to the Egyptologist, stage designer and writer Arthur Weigall, and secondly to Sir Brian Dean Paul, 6th Baronet of Rodborough. Her father was a cigar seller at the time of Lillie's birth, later working as a guard at the Toronto city jail. He had been a soldier in the British Army stationed in India, and on his honourable discharge went to Toronto rather than returning to Ireland. Lucie Ann Lillie (who had changed her name from "Lucy Ann"), who had "a modest reputation as a concert singer" was the daughter of a Manchester clothing retailer who had retired to a farm outside Toronto.
Lillie performed in Ontario towns as part of a family trio with her mother and older sister, Muriel, her father running the family home in Toronto as a boarding house in their absence. Eventually, her mother took the girls to London, England, where she made her West End début in the 1914 show Not Likely! Lillie followed this with about a dozen London shows and musical revues until 1922. In her revues, Lillie developed her sketches, songs and parodies. These won her lavish praise from The New York Times after her 1924 Broadway début in André Charlot's Revue of 1924, starring Gertrude Lawrence.
In some of her best known bits, she solemnly parodied the flowery performing style of earlier decades, mining such songs as "There Are Fairies at the Bottom of Our Garden" and "Mother Told Me So" for every double entendre. Other numbers ("Get Yourself a Geisha" and "Snoops the Lawyer") showcased her exquisite sense of the absurd. Her performing in such comedy routines as "One Dozen Double Damask Dinner Napkins", (in which an increasingly flummoxed matron attempts to purchase said napkins) earned her the frequently used sobriquet of "Funniest Woman in the World". She never performed the "Dinner Napkins" routine in Britain because British audiences had seen it performed by the Australian-born English revue performer Cicely Courtneidge, for whom it was written.
In 1926, she returned to New York City to perform. While in the United States, she starred in her first film, Exit Smiling (1927), opposite fellow Canadian Jack Pickford, the younger brother of Mary Pickford. This was followed by a small role in The Show of Shows (1929) and her only starring role in a sound feature film, Are You There? (1930). After a 1927 tour on the Orpheum Circuit, Lillie returned to Broadway in Vaudeville at the Palace Theatre in 1928 and performed there frequently after that.
From the late 1920s until the approach of World War II, Lillie repeatedly crossed the Atlantic to perform on both continents. She played at the London Palladium in 1928. On stage, she was long associated with the works of Noël Coward, beginning with This Year of Grace (1928) and giving the first public performance of "Mad Dogs and Englishmen" in Coward's The Third Little Show (1931). Cole Porter and others wrote songs for her. With Bobby Clark, she appeared in London and New York in Walk a Little Faster, in 1935 she starred on Broadway in At Home Abroad, and in 1936 she starred in New York in The Show Is On with Bert Lahr.
She returned to Broadway in 1939 in Set to Music and in 1944 in Seven Lively Arts. The same year, Lillie appeared in the film On Approval. Other Broadway appearances included Inside USA (1948), An Evening with Beatrice Lillie (1952) (Broadway and London), Ziegfeld Follies of 1957, Auntie Mame (1958) (Broadway and London) and High Spirits (1964). Her few other film appearances included a cameo role as a revivalist in Around the World in 80 Days (1956) and as Mrs. Meers (a white slaver) in Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), her last film.
After seeing An Evening with Beatrice Lillie, critic Ronald Barker wrote "Other generations may have their Mistinguett and their Marie Lloyd. We have our Beatrice Lillie, and seldom have we seen such a display of perfect talent." Sheridan Morley noted in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography that "Lillie's great talents were the arched eyebrow, the curled lip, the fluttering eyelid, the tilted chin, the ability to suggest, even in apparently innocent material, the possible double entendre".
Marriage and childrenEdit
Lillie was married, on 20 January 1920 at the church of St. Paul, Drayton Bassett, Fazeley, Staffordshire, England, to Robert Peel, son of Sir Robert Peel, 4th Baronet, and at the time a used car salesman. The Peel family had "fallen on hard times", and Peel "had little else to offer besides the title of 5th baronet". He inherited the title on his father's death in 1925. Peel was an enthusiastic gambler and, due to his limited means, he generally used his wife's money; on their honeymoon in Monte Carlo, he lost all their money gambling.
Peel had expensive tastes, and the couple were entirely dependent on her theatrical income throughout their marriage. Following the marriage, she was known in private life as Lady Peel. She eventually separated from her husband, but the couple never divorced. He died in 1934, aged 35. Their only child, Sir Robert Peel, 6th Baronet (1920–1942), was killed in action aboard HMS Tenedos (H04) in Colombo Harbour, Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) in 1942.
During World War II, Lillie was an inveterate entertainer of the troops. Before she went on stage one day, she learned that her son was killed in action. She refused to postpone the performance, saying "I'll cry tomorrow." In 1948, while touring in the show Inside USA, she met singer/actor John Philip Huck. He was a former US Marine, almost three decades younger, who became her friend and companion for the rest of their lives, and she boosted his career. As Lillie's mental abilities declined at the end of her career, she relied more and more on Huck, whose intentions and loyalty to her were viewed with suspicion by her friends. She suffered a stroke in the mid-1970s, and in 1977, a conservator was appointed over her property; she retired to England.
Retirement and deathEdit
Lillie retired from the stage due to Alzheimer's disease. Julie Andrews remembered that Lillie, as Mrs. Meers in Thoroughly Modern Millie (filmed in 1966 and released in 1967), had to be prompted through her lines and was often confused on set.
Lillie died in 1989, aged 94, at Henley-on-Thames. Huck died of a heart attack the next day, and the two were buried in the churchyard of St Margaret's in Harpsden, Oxfordshire, near Henley-on-Thames.
- Exit Smiling (1927) as Violet
- The Show of Shows (1929) as Performer in 'Recitations' Number
- Are You There? (1930) as Shirley Travis
- Dr. Rhythm (1938) as Mrs. Lorelei Dodge-Blodgett
- On Approval (1944) as Maria Wislack
- Around the World in 80 Days (1956) as London revivalist leader
- Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967) as Mrs. Meers
- Beatrice Lillie (1929) as Herself
- Beatrice Lillie and Her Boyfriends (1930) Vitaphone Varieties short released 15 May 1930
- Broadway Highlights No. 1 (1935) as Herself
- Broadway Highlights No. 2 (1935) as Herself
- Not Likely (1914) (London)
- 5064 Gerrard (1915) (London)
- Samples (1916) (London)
- Some (1916) (London)
- Cheep (1917) (London)
- Tabs (1918) (London)
- Bran Pie (1919) (London)
- Oh, Joy! (1919) (London)
- Now and Then (1921) (London)
- Pot Luck (1921) (London)
- The Nine O'Clock Revue (1922) (London)
- Andre Charlot's Revue of 1924 (1924) (Broadway)
- Andre Charlot's Revue of 1926 (1925) (Broadway and US national tour)
- Oh, Please (1926) (Broadway)
- She's My Baby (1928) (Broadway)
- This Year of Grace (1928) (Broadway)
- Charlot's Masquerade (1930) (London)
- The Third Little Show (1931) (Broadway)
- Too True to Be Good (1932) (Broadway)
- Walk a Little Faster (1932) (Broadway)
- Please (1933) (London)
- At Home Abroad (1935) (Broadway)
- The Show Is On (1936) (Broadway)
- Happy Returns (1938) (London)
- Set to Music (1939) (Broadway)
- All Clear (1939) (London)
- Big Top (1942) (London)
- Seven Lively Arts (1944) (Broadway)
- Better Late (1946) (London)
- Inside USA (1948) (Broadway)
- An Evening with Beatrice Lillie (1952) (Broadway and London)
- Ziegfeld Follies of 1957 (1957) (Broadway)
- Auntie Mame (1958) (replacement for Greer Garson) (Broadway and London)
- A Late Evening with Beatrice Lillie (1960) (Edinburgh Festival)
- High Spirits (1964) (Broadway)
Radio and televisionEdit
She was the star of three radio programs:
- The Beatrice Lillie Show on NBC 4 January – 28 June 1935
- The Flying Red Horse Tavern on CBS 7 February – 22 May 1936
- Broadway Merry-Go-Round on the Blue Network 6 January – 28 July 1937
Awards and honoursEdit
- 1945: New York Drama Critics Award for Best Femme Performance in a Musical – Seven Lively Arts
- 1948: New York Drama Critics Award for Best Femme Performance in a Musical – Inside USA
- 1953: Special Tony Award – An Evening with Beatrice Lillie
- 1954: Sarah Siddons Award
- 1958: Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical – Ziegfeld Follies of 1957 (nominee)
- 1964: Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical – High Spirits (nominee)
For her contributions to film, in 1960 Beatrice Lillie was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6404 Hollywood Blvd. Her portrait, painted by Neysa McMein about 1948 or 1949, is in the collection of The Royal Central School of Speech and Drama in England.
- Morley, Sheridan. "Lillie, Beatrice Gladys", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, accessed 12 March 2021
- Some theatre sources, e.g. The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television, Thomas S. Hischak, Oxford University Press, 2008, p. 439, incorrectly state her birth name as Constance Sylvia Gladys Munston, but her autobiography does not mention this name, and the birth of Beatrice Gladys Lillie on 29 May 1894 to John Lillie and Lucy Ann Shaw is recorded in the database of Ontario Births, 1869–1911 (see e.g. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FMW4-3HW)
- Laffey, p. 110
- Krebs, Albin. "Beatrice Lillie, Comedienne and Lovable Eccentric, 94", The New York Times, 21 January 1989
- Laffey, p. 12
- Laffey, p. 22
- Andre Charlot's Revue of 1924, Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 10 September 2016
- Laffey, passim
- Slide, Anthony. "Beatrice Lilly", The Encyclopedia of Vaudeville, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2012, ISBN 1617032506, pp. 316–317
- Stevens, Christopher (2010). Born Brilliant: The Life of Kenneth Williams. John Murray. p. 363. ISBN 978-1-84854-195-5.
- Mosley, Charles (ed.) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 107th ed., vol. 3, Burke's Peerage Ltd, 2003, p. 3078
- Laffey, pp. 48–49
- Lillie, Beatrice. Every Other Inch a Lady, Doubleday (1972), pp. 128–129
- "Sir Robert Peel, Sixth Baronet – 1920–1942", The Peel Society and Museum, accessed November 24, 2020
- Smith, Gordon (ed). "1st – 30th April 1942", in Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies, World War 2, ed. and compiled by Don Kindell, Naval-History.Net, 18 April 2009, accessed 28 June 2019
- "Double burial sets seal on 'perfect love affair'", The Herald, 30 January 1989
- Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. p. 76.
- "The Star Spangled Revue with Bob Hope" – via Internet Archive.
- "Beatrice Lillie (1898–1989)". Your Paintings. BBC. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
|Neysa McMein, Neysa McMein, Beatrice Lillie (1898–1989), c. 1948–1949, Central School of Speech & Drama|
- Beatrice Lillie at the Internet Broadway Database
- Beatrice Lillie at IMDb
- Records in the Theatre Archive at the University of Bristol of stage performances by Beatrice Lillie
- on YouTube
- Beatrice Lillie papers, 1911–1995, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Beatrice Lillie at Find a Grave