Open main menu

Bayonville is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.[2]

Bayonville
Bayonville village
Bayonville village
Location of Bayonville
Bayonville is located in France
Bayonville
Bayonville
Bayonville is located in Grand Est
Bayonville
Bayonville
Coordinates: 49°23′48″N 5°00′23″E / 49.3967°N 5.0064°E / 49.3967; 5.0064Coordinates: 49°23′48″N 5°00′23″E / 49.3967°N 5.0064°E / 49.3967; 5.0064
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentArdennes
ArrondissementVouziers
CantonVouziers
IntercommunalityArgonne Ardennaise
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Philippe Etienne
Area
1
16.19 km2 (6.25 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
103
 • Density6.4/km2 (16/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08052 /08240
Elevation181–305 m (594–1,001 ft)
(avg. 245 m or 804 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bayonvillois or Bayonvilloises.[3]

GeographyEdit

Bayonville is located some 40 km south by south-east of Charleville-Mézières and 15 km south-west of Stenay. Access to the commune is by the D12 road from Buzancy in the north-west which passes through the centre of the commune and the village and continues south-east to Bantheville - changing to the D15 at the departmental border. Another D15 comes from Tailly in the north-east and goes south through the commune and the village continuing to Imécourt in the south-west. The D55 goes south from the village to Landres-et-Saint-Georges. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Chennery and Landreville. The commune is mostly farmland with some forest in the east and north.[4][5]

The Agron river flows through the south-east of the commune from north-east to south-west where it continues a meandering path to join the Aire south-west of Saint-Juvin. The Ruisseau du Wassieux flows south-west through the commune and continues south-west to join the Agron near Imécourt. The Furba rises in the north-east of the commune and flows south-west to join the Agron at Landreville.[4][5]

ToponymyEdit

Bayonville was attested in the Latinised form Baionis villa in 960. The derivation is undoubtedly from the "Domain of Baio", a Germanic personal name (cf. Bayonvillers)

Bayonville appears as Bayonville on the 1750 Cassini Map[6] and the same on the 1790 version.[7]

HistoryEdit

In 1828 the communes of Chennery and Landreville were merged with the commune of Bayonville. In 1864 Landreville had 80 inhabitants.

AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors[8]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Philippe Etienne

(Not all data is known)

DemographyEdit

In 2012 the commune had 100 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
360 412 403 364 545 537 512 521 529
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 489 453 464 418 392 397 380
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
337 330 315 220 234 227 219 200 214
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2012 -
223 200 171 142 127 106 116 100 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


 
Population of Bayonville

Culture and heritageEdit

 
The Chateau of Landreville
 
Boudoir in the Chateau
 
The Louis XIII Salon in the Chateau

Civil heritageEdit

  • The Chateau of Landreville (1567)  is registered as an historical monument.[9] The interior decor (16th century)  is registered as an historical object.[10]

Religious heritageEdit

 
Bayonville Church
  • Bayonville Church

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

  • Claude-François de Maillard first Marquis of Landreville in 1760

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Bayonville on Lion1906
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Bayonville on Google Maps
  5. ^ a b Bayonville on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  6. ^ Bayonville on the 1750 Cassini Map
  7. ^ Bayonville on the 1790 Cassini Map
  8. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA08000001 Chateau of Landreville (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000685 Interior Decor (in French)