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Battle of Nahrawan

The Battle of Nahrawan (Arabic: معركة النهروان‎, romanizedMa'rakat an-Nahrawān) was a battle between Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph and the extremist group called Kharijites near Nahrawan, twelve miles from Baghdad.[2] The battle ended in a total defeat of the Kharijites. Ali led the battlefield himself with his two sons, Hassan and Hussein.

Battle of Nahrawan
Part of the First Fitna
Date659 AD
Location
Result Rashidun Caliphate victory
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate Khawarij (Kharijites)
Commanders and leaders
Ali ibn Abu Talib
Hassan ibn Ali
Al-Ashath ibn Qays al-Kindi[1]
Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi
Abdullah ibn Ibad
Harqus bin Zuhair
Abdullah bin Shajara

Ali said 'Without a doubt these people infer such wrong meanings out of books, which are absolutely criminal in Islam and detrimental for humanity'.[citation needed]

AftermathEdit

Kumail said: 'the Kharijites had been thrashed completely O commander of the believers'. Ali replied: "By Allah! No, not yet. They still exist in the loins of men and wombs of women. Whenever a chief would appear from among them, he would be cut down till the last of them would turn thieves and robbers."[3][4][5][6] Three years later, Ali was assassinated by a Kharijite extremist called Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam.[7]

The Kharijites that fled from the battle managed to settle in Basrah, Sistan, Khurasan, Yemen, Tell Mozan, and elsewhere, where they had their offspring, spread their beliefs and recruited more followers.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Timani, Hussam S. (August 13, 2008). "Modern Intellectual Readings of the Kharijites". Peter Lang – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Ludwig W. Adamec (2009), Historical Dictionary of Islam, p.235. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810861615.
  3. ^ Al-Bayhaqi, al-Mahasin, 385
  4. ^ al-Mas`udi, Muruj, II, 416
  5. ^ al-Mubarrad, al-Kamil, II, 120
  6. ^ Nahj Al-Balaghah, Sermon 60
  7. ^ Al-Islam. "The Life of the Commander of the Faithful Ali Ibn Abu Talib (as)". Retrieved 6 December 2015.

External linksEdit