The Battle of Dhi Qar (Arabic: يوم ذي قار), also known as the War of the Camel's Udder, was a pre-Islamic battle fought between Arab tribes and the Sassanid Empire in Southern Iraq. The battle occurred after the death of Al-Nu'man III by the orders of Khosru II.
|Battle of Dhi Qar |
معركة ذي قار
Sassanid Persia |
|Commanders and leaders|
Iyas ibn Qabisah al-Ta'i |
Al-Nu'man bin Zara'a
Khalid bin Yazid al-Buhrani
Hani' bin Qubaisah |
Hantala bin Tha'laba al-Ajli
Abd Amr bin Bashar al-Dhubai'y
Jabala bin Ba'ith al-Yashkury
Al-Harith bin Wa'la al-Thahli
Al-Harith bin Rabi'a al-Taimi
|2,000 Persian soldiers, with 3,000 Arabs||Unknown|
|Casualties and losses|
The dating of the event is disputed. The Encyclopedia Iranica entry on the subject says:
"According to certain Muslim traditions, the battle took place in the year 1/623 or 2/624... Ebn Ḥabīb... dated it earlier, between 606 and 622, but modern scholars have narrowed this range to 604-11"
The battle of Dhū-Qār is reported in many classical works of Arabic history and literature. The longest, but not necessarily most representative, version is Bishr ibn Marwān al-Asadī's Ḥarb Banī Shaybān maʻa Kisrá Ānūshirwān (Arabic: حرب بني شيبان مع كسرى آنوشروان).
- Ahmad, Nawawi (1976). Arab Unity and Disunity (PDF) (Thesis). University of Glasgow. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 2021. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
Despite the small number of troops involved, the decisive victory of the Arabs is seen as the beginning of a new era, since it gave the Arab tribes a new confidence and enthusiasm.
- Landau-Tasseron, Ella. "ḎŪ QĀR". ENCYCLOPÆDIA IRANICA. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- Mackintosh-Smith, Tim. "ON THE EDGE OF GREATNESS THE DAYS OF THE ARABS" ARABS A 3,000-YEAR HISTORY of PEOPLES, TRIBES and EMPIRES . Yale University Press, 2019, pp.110.
- Bosworth 1983, p. 3.
- Ḥarb Banī Shaybān maʻa Kisrá Ānūshirwān, ed. by Muḥammad Jāsim Ḥammādī Mashhadānī (Baghdad: s.n., 1988; first publ. Bombay 1887); Hamad Alajmi, 'Pre-Islamic Poetry and Speech Act Theory: Al-A`sha, Bishr ibn Abi Khazim, and al-Ḥujayjah' (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Indiana University, 2012), p. 163.
- Bosworth, C. E. (1983). "Iran and the Arabs Before Islam". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran: The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian periods (1). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 593–612. ISBN 978-0-521-200929.
- Morony, Michael G. (2005) . Iraq After The Muslim Conquest. Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 978-1-59333-315-7.