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The Banu Bakr bin Wa'il or simply Banu Bakr (Arabic: بنو بكر بن وائلbanū bakr bin wā'il) were an Arabian tribe belonging to the large Rabi'ah branch of Adnanite tribes, which also included Abdul Qays, Anazzah, Taghlib, Banu Shayban and Bani Hanifa. The tribe is reputed to have engaged in a 40-year war before Islam with its cousins from Taghlib, known as the War of Basous. The pre-Islamic poet, Tarafah was a member of Bakr.

Bakr's original lands were in Najd, in central Arabia, but most of the tribe's bedouin sections migrated northwards immediately before Islam, and settled in the area of Al-Jazirah, on the upper Euphrates. The region of Diyar Bakr, and later the city of Diyarbakır in southern Turkey, take their names from this tribe.[1][2][3]

The tribe is distinct from the tribe of Bani Bakr ibn Abd Manat, who lived in the Hejaz and had important interactions with Muhammad.

HistoryEdit

Muhammad's eraEdit

 
Approximate locations of some of the important tribes and Empire of the Arabian Peninsula at the dawn of Islam.

During the Islamic Prophet Muhammad's era the Banu Bakr tribe was involved in various military conflicts.

BranchesEdit

The following are some of the related and sub-tribes of Bakr ibn Wa'il in the pre-Islamic and early-Islamic eras:

in eastern Najd

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Trudy Ring, Noelle Watson, Paul Schellinger. 1995. International Dictionary of Historic Places. Vol. 3 Southern Europe. Routledge. P 190.
  2. ^ Canard, M., Cahen, Cl., Yinanç, Mükrimin H., and Sourdel-Thomine, J. ‘Diyār Bakr’. Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Ed. P. Bearman et al. Brill Reference Online. Web. 16 Nov. 2019. Accessed on 16 November 2019.
  3. ^ World Heritage Encyclopedia. [www.worldlibrary.org/articles/bakr_bin_wael Bakr bin Wael]. Accessed on 16 November 2019.