Banū Tamīm (Arabic: بَنُو تَمِيم) or Banī Tamīm is one of the tribes of Arabia, mainly present in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Jordan, Iraq and also a strong presence in Algeria[2][3] and many other parts of the Arab world. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid.[4][5] It can also mean perfect.[6]

Banū Tamīm
بَنُو تَمِيم
Adnanite Arabs
LocationArabian Peninsula and Arab World
Descended fromTamim ibn Murr ibn 'Udd ibn Amr Tabikhah ibn Ilyas ibn Mudar[1]
  • Banu Amr
    • Banu Anbar
    • Banu Usayd
    • Banu Hajim
    • Banu Malik
    • Banu Harith
    • Banu Qalib
  • Banu Sa'd
    • Banu Kab
    • Banu Amr
    • Banu Harith
    • Banu Malik
    • Banu Awafa
    • Banu Jashm
    • Banu Abd Shams
  • Banu Hanzala
    • Banu Malik
    • Banu Yarbu'
    • Banu Rabi'a
    • Banu Amr
    • Banu Marah
    • Banu Ghalib
    • Banu Kulfa
    • Banu Qays
  • Banu Rabbab
    • Banu Uday
    • Banu Tim
    • Banu Tawr
    • Banu Awf
    • Banu Dabba

History and originEdit

The traditional family tree of Banu Tamim is as follows: Tamim, son of Murr, son of 'Id, son of Amr, son of Ilyas, son of Mudar,[1] son of Nizar, son of Ma'ad, son of Adnan[7] - a distant descendant of Isma'il ibn Ibrahim (Ishmael, son of Abraham).[8]

Tamim is one of the largest sedentary Arab tribes. The tribe occupied numerous Wadis and villages in the 6th century Central and eastern part of the Arabian peninsula before playing an important role with the revelation of Islam. They came into contact with Muhammad in the 8th year of Hijrah, but they did not immediately convert to Islam.[citation needed] There are hadiths which praise virtually all of the major Arab tribal groups, and to indicate the extent of this praise, a few examples are listed here:

I have continued to love Banu Tamim after I heard three things concerning them from Allah's Messenger: "They will be the sternest of my Ummah against the Dajjal," one of them was a captive owned by Aisha, and he said: "Free her, for she is a descendant of Ismail," and when their zakat came, he said: "This is the zakat of our people," or "of my people.""

In Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 18, Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib says: "Remember that Bani Tamim is such a clan that their star has not set as yet, amongst them if one great man dies there is another to take his place. Remember that after embracing Islam and even during pre-Islamic days these people were never regarded as mean, jealous or covetous. On the contrary, they had a very high status. Besides they have claims of kinship and friendship with us. If we behave kindly, patiently and sympathetically towards them Allah will reward us. But if we ill treat them we shall be sinning."

Lineage and branchesEdit

Banu Tamim is an Adnanite tribe, claiming to be descended from Ishmael.

In the genealogical tradition of the tribe, it is argued that there is a direct line that can be drawn from Ibrahim to Tamim:

The tribe is mainly divided into four main branches, namely:

The tribe was mainly concentrated in Central and Northern modern day Najd before the spread of Islam, but had spread across the Arabian Peninsula after the Islamic conquest of the region, then had spread to areas ruled by subsequent caliphates. Banu Tamim is a branch of Banu Mudar.

The tribe extends west to Morocco with some claimants as far east as India. After the Islamic conquests, branches of the tribe migrated to modern day Tunisia, Iraq and the Khorosan region of Iran where they held significant power for centuries in the form of the Aghlabids and other minor dynasties.


Notable peopleEdit

Among the tribe's members are:


  1. ^ a b "Genealogy File: Tamim Ibn Murr". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  2. ^ A. A. Duri (2012). The Historical Formation of the Arab Nation (RLE: The Arab Nation). London; New York. ISBN 9781136251788.
  3. ^ Roger Le Tourneau (1968). "Mohammed Talbi, l'Émirat aghlabide (184/860—296/909). Histoire politique". Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 5 (1): 172–176.
  4. ^ "قبيلة بني تميم العريقة- حمزةالتميمي". Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  5. ^ "معلومات عن قبيلة بـني تـميم". Archived from the original on 2018-06-15. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  6. ^ M. J. Kister (November 1965). "Mecca and Tamīm (Aspects of Their Relations)". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 8 (2): 113–163. doi:10.2307/3595962. JSTOR 3595962.
  7. ^ William Muir (1858). The life of Mahomet.
  8. ^ The life of Mahomet By William Muir
  9. ^ (Bukhari, Maghazi, 68.
  10. ^ "The Banu Tamim tribe". 28 February 2019.
  11. ^ "Bid'ah Busters Dawah Salafiyyah Online". Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  12. ^ Madawi al-Rasheed (2010). A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge University Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780521761284.
  13. ^ "Khabbab ibn al-Aratt". Archived from the original on 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
  14. ^ Milla Wa-milla. Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Melbourne. 1961. p.46

External linksEdit