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Basketball at the 1956 Summer Olympics

Basketball at the 1956 Summer Olympics was the fourth appearance of the sport of basketball as an official Olympic medal event. Fifteen nations, an unusually low number for the basketball tournament, competed in the event, with 174 participants. A total number of 56 games of basketball were played.

4th Olympic Basketball Tournament
Melbourne 1956
Tournament details
Olympics1956 Summer Olympics
Host nationAustralia
CityMelbourne
DurationNovember 22 – December 1
Men's tournament
Teams15
Medals
1 Gold medalists  United States
2 Silver medalists Soviet Union
3 Bronze medalists  Uruguay
Tournaments
← Helsinki 1952  Rome 1960 →

The teams were divided into four pools, with four teams in three of the pools and only three in the fourth. Every team played against each other team in its pool once. The top two teams from each pool advanced to the quarterfinals, where again they were split into pools of four. Teams again played every other team in their pool, with the top two in each advancing to the semifinal and the bottom two entering a pool for 5th through 8th places. Eliminated teams also played in consolation matches with the same structure as the quarterfinals and finals, but for 9th through 15th places. The games were held at the Royal Exhibition Building.

Qualified TeamsEdit

Outright qualifier, World Champion
Outright qualifier, World Runner-up
Outright qualifier, World Bronze Medalists
Host nation
Teams Participating by Region
Americas Europe Asia Africa Oceania
  United States   Soviet Union   Philippines No team participated   Australia
  Uruguay   France   Japan
  Brazil   Canada   South Korea
  Chile   Bulgaria   Singapore
  Republic of China
  Thailand
Number of Berths Allocated for the Tournament
Region Automatic From the
previous
World Cup
Berth as
Host nation
Total
Europe 4 N/A N/A 4
Americas 2 2 4
Asia 5 1 6
Africa No team participated 0
Oceania N/A 1 1
TOTAL 11 3 1 15

MedalistsEdit

SquadsEdit

Preliminary roundEdit

Advanced to the quarter-finals

Group AEdit

Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts
  United States 3 3 0 320 122 +198 6
  Philippines 3 2 1 184 226 −42 5
  Japan 3 1 2 171 224 −53 4
  Thailand 3 0 3 123 226 −103 3
Philippines   55–44   Thailand
Scoring by half: 34–24, 21–20
United States   98–40   Japan
Scoring by half: 33–20, 65–20
United States   101–29   Thailand
Scoring by half: 54–12, 47–17
Japan   61–76   Philippines
Scoring by half: 29–37, 32–39
Thailand   50–70   Japan
Scoring by half: 20–35, 30–35
United States   121–53   Philippines
Scoring by half: 66–23, 55–30

Group BEdit

Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts
  France 3 3 0 236 183 +53 6
  Soviet Union 3 2 1 255 177 +78 5
  Canada 3 1 2 206 234 −28 4
  Singapore 3 0 3 154 257 −103 3
Soviet Union   97–59   Canada
Scoring by half: 46–20, 51–39
Singapore   54–81   France
Scoring by half: 22–44, 32–37
Soviet Union   67–76   France
Scoring by half: 18–24, 49–52
Canada   85–58   Singapore
Scoring by half: 51–30, 34–28
Soviet Union   91–42   Singapore
Scoring by half: 40–21, 51–21
France   79–62   Canada
Scoring by half: 43–35, 36–27

Group CEdit

TEAM PTS P W L PF PA
  Uruguay 6 3 3 0 238 187
  Bulgaria 5 3 2 1 242 199
  Formosa 4 3 1 2 216 249
  South Korea 3 3 0 3 194 255
22 November
20:00
South Korea   76–83   Formosa
Scoring by half: 28–42, 48–41
23 November
16:30
Uruguay   70–65   Bulgaria
Scoring by half: 38–35, 32–30
24 November
10:30
Uruguay   85–62   Formosa
Scoring by half: 39–36, 46–26
24 November
13:30
Bulgaria   89–58   South Korea
Scoring by half: 47–33, 42–25
26 November
10:30
Formosa   71–88   Bulgaria
Scoring by half: 35–47, 36–41
26 November
16:30
Uruguay   83–60   South Korea
Scoring by half: 35–25, 48–35

Group DEdit

TEAM PTS P W L PF PA
  Brazil 4 2 2 0 167 125
  Chile 3 2 1 1 137 134
  Australia 2 2 0 2 122 167
Chile   59–78   Brazil
Scoring by half: 34–39, 25–39
Brazil   89–66   Australia
Scoring by half: 50–35, 39–31
Chile   78–56   Australia
Scoring by half: 37–27, 41–29

Classification games for 9th–15th placesEdit

Group 1 (9–15)Edit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   Formosa 3 3 0 218 189 +29 6 Classification 9–12
2   Australia (H) 3 2 1 258 208 +50 5
3   Singapore 3 1 2 200 215 −15 4 Classification 13–15
4   Thailand 3 0 3 150 214 −64 3
Source: FIBA Archives
(H) Host.
Singapore   64–67   Formosa
Scoring by half: 23–26, 41–41
Australia   87–48   Thailand
Scoring by half: 48–23, 39–25
Thailand   50–62   Singapore
Scoring by half: 26–29, 24–33
Australia   73–86   Formosa
Scoring by half: 40–39, 33–47
Formosa   65–52   Thailand
Scoring by half: 35–31, 30–21
Australia   98–74   Singapore
Scoring by half: 48–36, 50–38

Group 2 (9–15)Edit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   Canada 2 2 0 147 123 +24 4 Classification 9–12
2   Japan 2 1 1 143 140 +3 3
3   South Korea 2 0 2 130 157 −27 2 Classification 13–15
South Korea   63–74 (OT)   Canada
Scoring by half: 31–32, 31–30 Overtime: 1–12
Japan   83–67   South Korea
Scoring by half: 36–23, 47–44
Canada   73–60   Japan
Scoring by half: 40–26, 33–34

Classification 13–15Edit

 
Classification Semifinals13th place match
 
      
 
1 December
 
 
  Thailand47
 
1 December
 
  South Korea61
 
  South Korea79
 
 
  Singapore92
 
 
 
 
  • Thailand was named as the final placers of the games because of their loss to the Koreans.

Classification playoffs for 9th–12th placesEdit

 
Classification SemifinalsNinth place match
 
      
 
1 December
 
 
  Formosa61
 
1 December
 
  Japan82
 
  Japan60
 
1 December
 
  Canada75
 
  Australia38
 
 
  Canada83
 
Eleventh place match
 
 
1 December
 
 
  Formosa87
 
 
  Australia70

QuarterfinalsEdit

Advance to the semifinals
Relegated to the 5th-8th classification

Group AEdit

TEAM PTS P W L PF PA
  France 5 3 2 1 195 187
  Uruguay 5 3 2 1 221 209
  Chile 4 3 1 2 221 220
  Philippines 4 3 1 2 204 225
France   71,   Chile 60
Scoring by half: 37–23, 34–37
Uruguay   79,   Philippines 70 (OT)
Scoring by half: 42–39, 26–29 Overtime: 11–2
Uruguay   80,   Chile 73
Scoring by half: 40–25, 40–48
  Philippines 65, France   58 (OT)
'Scoring by half: 30–26, 25–29 Overtime: 10–3
Chile   88,   Philippines 69
Scoring by half: 42–32, 46–37
Uruguay   62,   France 66
Scoring by half: 31–38, 31–28

Group BEdit

TEAM PTS P W L PF PA
  United States 6 3 3 0 283 150
  Soviet Union 5 3 2 1 208 209
  Bulgaria 4 3 1 2 182 224
  Brazil 3 3 0 3 192 282
27 November
16:30
Bulgaria   44–85   United States
Scoring by half: 19–48, 25–37
Brazil   68,   Soviet Union 87
Scoring by half: 28–37, 40–50
Bulgaria   56,   Soviet Union 66
Scoring by half: 32–37, 24–29
United States   113–51   Brazil
Scoring by half: 50–22, 63–29
Soviet Union   55,   United States 85
Scoring by half: 32–39, 23–46
Bulgaria   82,   Brazil 73
Scoring by half: 38–36, 44–37

Classification 5–8Edit

 
Classification Semifinals5th place game
 
      
 
 
 
 
  Chile 64
 
 
 
  Brazil 89
 
  Brazil 52
 
 
 
  Bulgaria 64
 
  Philippines 70
 
 
  Bulgaria 80
 
7th place game
 
 
 
 
 
  Chile 68
 
 
  Philippines 75

Classification SemifinalsEdit

30 November
15:00
Chile   64–89   Brazil
Scoring by half: 33–55, 31–34
Pts: Ostoic 13 Pts: dos Santos 27
30 November
16:30
Philippines   70–80   Bulgaria
Scoring by half: 43–50, 27–30
Pts: Badion 27 Pts: Radev 21

Seventh place matchEdit

Fifth place matchEdit

Final roundEdit

 
Semi-finalsGold medal match
 
      
 
30 November
 
 
(A2)   Uruguay38
 
1 December
 
(B1)   United States101
 
(B1)   United States89
 
30 November
 
(B2)   Soviet Union55
 
(A1)   France49
 
 
(B2)   Soviet Union56
 
Bronze medal match
 
 
1 December
 
 
(A2)   Uruguay71
 
 
(A1)   France62

SemifinalsEdit

30 November
20:00
France   49–56   Soviet Union
Scoring by half: 19–25, 30–31
Pts: Antoine 12 Pts: Krūmiņš 27
30 November
21:30
Uruguay   38–101   United States
Scoring by half: 10–51, 28–50
Pts: Mera, Blixen 8 each Pts: Tomsic 18

Bronze medal matchEdit

1 December
20:00
France   62–71   Uruguay
Scoring by half: 29–37, 32–34
Pts: Monclar 16 Pts: Moglia 25

FinalEdit

1 December
21:30
Soviet Union   55–89   United States
Scoring by half: 27–56, 28–33
Pts: Semyonov 15 Pts: Jeangerard 16

AwardsEdit

 1956 Olympic Basketball Champions 
 
United States
Fourth title

Final RankingsEdit

Pos Team Record
    United States 8−0
    Soviet Union 5−3
    Uruguay 6−2
4th   France 5−3
5th   Bulgaria 5−3
6th   Brazil 3−4
7th   Philippines 4−4
8th   Chile 2–5
9th   Canada 5–2
10th   Japan 3–4
11th   Formosa 5−3
12th   Australia 2–5
13th   Singapore 2–5
14th   South Korea 1–6
15th   Thailand 0–7

ReferencesEdit