Barzan, Iraq

Barzan (Kurdish: بارزان ,Barzan‎,[1][2] Arabic: برزان‎) is a town located along the Great Zab in Erbil Governorate, Iraq. It is the birthplace of Sheikh Ahmed Barzani and Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani.

Barzan

Kurdish: بارزان
Barzan is located in Iraqi Kurdistan
Barzan
Barzan
Barzan is located in Iraq
Barzan
Barzan
Coordinates: 36°54′54″N 44°2′31″E / 36.91500°N 44.04194°E / 36.91500; 44.04194Coordinates: 36°54′54″N 44°2′31″E / 36.91500°N 44.04194°E / 36.91500; 44.04194
Country Iraq
Autonomous region Kurdistan Region
GovernorateErbil Governorate
DistrictMergasor District

HistoryEdit

In 1914, Barzan was the site of a Russian-supported Kurdish uprising against the Ottoman Empire, which was fought concurrently with the Bitlis uprising.[3]

ClimateEdit

Barzan has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) with hot, dry summers and cool, rainy winters. It is one of the rainiest cities in Iraq. Winter nights average below freezing most of the time, providing frost in the city. Snow occasionally occurs.

Climate data for Barzan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
10.5
(50.9)
14.7
(58.5)
20.6
(69.1)
27.8
(82.0)
34.5
(94.1)
38.7
(101.7)
38.8
(101.8)
34.8
(94.6)
27.4
(81.3)
17.9
(64.2)
10.9
(51.6)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.5
(41.9)
9.4
(48.9)
14.8
(58.6)
21.1
(70.0)
26.9
(80.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.6
(79.9)
20.0
(68.0)
12.3
(54.1)
6.3
(43.3)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.2
(39.6)
9.0
(48.2)
14.4
(57.9)
19.4
(66.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
18.4
(65.1)
12.7
(54.9)
6.7
(44.1)
1.7
(35.1)
11.0
(51.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 151
(5.9)
172
(6.8)
150
(5.9)
114
(4.5)
37
(1.5)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
19
(0.7)
88
(3.5)
106
(4.2)
839
(33)
Source: Climate-Data[4]
Barzani Memorial Center north of Barzan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gelo Rêbaza Barzanî tê çi wate ye?". Navkurd (in Kurdish). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  2. ^ "فێستیڤاڵی کولتووری ناوچەی بارزان". Rûdaw (in Kurdish). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  3. ^ Henning, Barbara (2018-04-03). Narratives of the History of the Ottoman-Kurdish Bedirhani Family in Imperial and Post-Imperial Contexts: Continuities and Changes. University of Bamberg Press. pp. 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327. ISBN 9783863095512.
  4. ^ "Climate statistics for Barzan". Climate Data. Retrieved 21 January 2017.