Barreiro, Portugal

  (Redirected from Barreiro (city))

Barreiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐˈʁɐjɾu] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and a municipality in Setúbal District in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 78,764,[1] in an area of 36.39 km².[2]

Barreiro
Antiga Estação Ferroviária do Barreiro - Portugal (36671220773) (cropped).jpg
Igreja de Santa Cruz - Barreiro - Portugal (49163660306) (cropped).jpg
Palacio do rei do lixo (visto do jardim) (cropped).JPG
Mausoléu Alfredo da Silva - Barreiro - Portugal (48995221151).jpg
Barreiro-Eglise.jpg
Verderena (2) (cropped).JPG
Flag of Barreiro
Flag
Coat of arms of Barreiro
Coat of arms
LocalBarreiro.svg
Coordinates: 38°40′N 09°04′W / 38.667°N 9.067°W / 38.667; -9.067Coordinates: 38°40′N 09°04′W / 38.667°N 9.067°W / 38.667; -9.067
Country Portugal
RegionLisboa
Metropolitan areaLisbon
DistrictSetúbal
Parishes8
Government
 • PresidentFrederico Rosa (PS)
Area
 • Total36.39 km2 (14.05 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total78,764
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Local holidayJune 28
Websitehttp://www.cm-barreiro.pt

Barreiro has a view of the city of Lisbon from Avenida da Praia and a riverside area called Alburrica.

The mayor since 2017 has been Frederico Rosa, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is June 28.

HistoryEdit

There are records of the village of Barreiro from as far as the 13th century, when the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword promoted its settlement. Due to the village's location, the main occupation of the population was harvesting salt and fishing.

By the time the Portuguese reached India and Brasil (early 16th century), it was in Barreiro that shipbuilding was concluded, since it started in Lisbon during summer and when the rougher weather arrived the construction had to be moved to somewhere with more sheltered conditions. It was also in Barreiro that the bread for the ships' crew was baked.[3] These activities put Barreiro on the map and in 1521 the village became a town.

In the 19th century, the railway lines from Setúbal and Vendas Novas were extended to Barreiro,[4] which alongside with the location by the Tagus made CUF select the town for the establishment of one of the biggest industrial estates of its time.[5] Quickly, thousands of people from all over the country arrived looking for work; a substantial number of people migrated to Barreiro from the region of Alentejo, where rural workers had very few rights (work from sunrise to sunset and child labour were still normalised) but which was now well connected to Barreiro via the railway.

After the revolution that overthrew a 41 years long dictatorship, many factories were nationalised all over the country and so was the industrial estate in Barreiro. Without the former regime to restrict imports and control the national production, the business started to decline and the factories in Barreiro were gradually shut down.[6]

Also with the fall of the dictatorship, Portugal withdrew from the overseas territories and gave them their independence back. After the change in political powers abroad, thousands migrated to Portugal in order to flee violence; at this time Barreiro received many refugees, mostly from Portuguese and Angolan ethnic backgrounds. In autumn 1975 The New York Times profiled Barreiro as a "new home for refugees from Angola". [7]

Due to its industrial past, Barreiro residents have historically elected representatives from the Portuguese Communist Party in all local elections since the revolution (1976,[8] 1979,[9] 1982,[10] 1985,[11] 1989,[12] 1993,[13] 1997,[14] 2005,[15] 2009[16] and 2013[17]) except from the elections in 2001[18] and 2017,[19] won by the candidates from the Socialist Party.

In 1984 Barreiro became a city.[20]

PopulationEdit

 
Street in Barreiro
Population growth (1801–2011)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2004 2011
2 425 3 384 7 738 21 030 35 088 88 052 85 768 79 012 78 992 78 764

ParishesEdit

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes (freguesias):[21]

  • Alto do Seixalinho, Santo André e Verderena
  • Barreiro e Lavradio
  • Palhais e Coina
  • Santo António da Charneca

SportsEdit

Notable residentsEdit

International relationsEdit

Barreiro is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ https://associacaobarreiropatrimonio.pt/2019/02/10/barreiro-rectaguarda-logistica-da-expansao-portuguesa-seculos-xv-a-xvi/
  4. ^ https://www.infraestruturasdeportugal.pt/pt-pt/centro-de-imprensa/160-anos-de-comboios-no-barreiro
  5. ^ https://ensina.rtp.pt/artigo/cuf-barreiro-seculo-industria/
  6. ^ https://www.jornaldenegocios.pt/weekend/detalhe/patrimonio-da-antiga-cuf-no-barreiro-vai-ser-classificado
  7. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1975/10/31/archives/for-angola-refugees-in-portugal-a-life-of-despair.html
  8. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=12&mes=12&ano=1976&eleicao=cm
  9. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=16&mes=12&ano=1979&eleicao=cm
  10. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=12&mes=12&ano=1982&eleicao=cm
  11. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=15&mes=12&ano=1985&eleicao=cm
  12. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=17&mes=12&ano=1989&eleicao=cm
  13. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=12&mes=12&ano=1993&eleicao=cm
  14. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=14&mes=12&ano=1997&eleicao=cm
  15. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=09&mes=10&ano=2005&eleicao=cm
  16. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=11&mes=10&ano=2009&eleicao=cm
  17. ^ http://www.cne.pt/sites/default/files/dl/al_2013_mapa_resultados.pdf
  18. ^ http://eleicoes.cne.pt/raster/index.cfm?dia=16&mes=12&ano=2001&eleicao=cm
  19. ^ http://www.cne.pt/sites/default/files/dl/al2017_mapa_resultados.pdf
  20. ^ https://dre.pt/web/guest/pesquisa/-/search/387340/details/maximized?serie_facet=I&filterEnd=1984-06-28&filterStart=1984-06-28&q=1984-06-28&tipo_facet=Lei&fqs=1984-06-28&perPage=50
  21. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 24" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  22. ^ "Miasta partnerskie - Urząd Miasta Łodzi [via WaybackMachine.com]". City of Łódź (in Polish). Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21.

External linksEdit