Barnardo's is a charity headquartered in Barkingside in the London Borough of Redbridge. It was founded by Thomas John Barnardo in 1866, to care for vulnerable children. As of 2013, it raised and spent around £200 million each year running around 900 local services, aimed at helping these same groups. It is the largest children's charity in the UK in terms of charitable expenditure.[4]

FounderThomas John Barnardo
Registration no.216250 (England and Wales)
SC037605 (Scotland)
20010027 (Ireland)
Area served
United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia
Formerly called
Dr. Barnardo's Homes,
Dr. Barnardo's[2]
A 1931 advertisement for Dr Barnardo's Homes.
A Barnardo's charity shop in Jedburgh, Scotland. Barnardo's current tagline is "Believe in children".[3]
A Barnardo's shop in Muswell Hill, London.



The National Incorporated Association for the Reclamation of Destitute Waif Children otherwise known as Dr. Barnardo's Homes was founded by Irish born doctor Thomas Barnardo, who opened a school in the East End of London to care for and educate children of the area left orphaned and destitute by a recent cholera outbreak.[5] In 1870 he founded a boys' orphanage at 18 Stepney Causeway[4] and later opened a girls' home. By the time of his death in 1905, Barnardo's institutions cared for over 8,500 children in 96 locations. His work was carried on by his many supporters under the name Dr. Barnardo's Homes National Incorporated Association.[6] Following societal changes in the mid-20th century, the charity changed its focus from the direct care of children to fostering and adoption, renaming itself Dr. Barnardo's in 1965. Following the closure of its last traditional orphanage in 1988, it took the still simpler name of Barnardo's. The official mascot of Barnardo's is a bear called Barney. Its chief executive is Javed Khan.[7]

There was controversy early on with Barnardo's work. Specifically, he was accused of kidnapping children without parents' permission and of falsifying photographs of children to make the distinction between the period before they were rescued by Barnardo's and afterwards seem more dramatic. He openly confessed to the former of these charges, describing it as "philanthropic abduction" and basing his defence on the idea that the ends justified the means. In all, he was taken to court on 88 occasions, largely on the charge of kidnapping. However, being a charismatic speaker and popular figure, he rode through these scandals unscathed. Other charges brought against him included neglecting basic hygiene for the children under his care.[8]

Between 1945 and 1974, Barnardo's supported and participated in schemes that saw around 150,000 children exported to imperial colonies where they were mostly abused, beaten and neglected.[9][10]

In October 2022, Buckingham Palace announced that over 1,000 Paddington Bears and teddy bears left at royal sites after the death of Queen Elizabeth II would be donated to Barnardo's.[11]

Experience of mixed-race children


A "special problem" of the upbringing and socialisation of mixed-race children was noted in Barnardo's Annual Report of 1951.

Suzi Hamilton was sent to Barnardo's by her married mother in 1946. Her father was a black GI. She had a tough time at home and the two employees who ran her Barnardo cottage were not nice to her. She wrote her experience into her book which also described several unsuccessful attempts to adopt her. She also talked about the short vacations that she had with her "aunts" and "uncles" where on one vacation she experienced her first menstrual period and was told to be extra careful as she was not a white girl.[12]

Susan Tomkins, born in Taunton, Somerset to a married mother, was being sent to Barnardos when she was around eight with her two brothers. She stayed at the Barnardo's for about a year. Her grandmother, who was protective of her in the face of any racism, took care of her once she went home.[13]



Barnardo's has used advertising campaigns to raise public awareness of its work. A 2003 advert which featured a new-born baby with a cockroach crawling out of its mouth was banned by the ASA after a storm of public protest.[14][15] In 2008 its Break the cycle TV advert featuring a girl being repeatedly hit around the head by her father prompted a number of complaints but was cleared by the ASA, which said the imagery was justified, given the context.[16][17]

In 2009 Martin Narey, then Chief Executive of Barnardo's, stated that he believed that more children should be taken into care. This statement caused considerable controversy, especially as historical references were made by journalists to Barnardo's original practice of "philanthropic abduction".[18][19] By 2012, there was little opposition to Narey's claim, which was publicly supported by the NSPCC and Action For Children, who called for an overhaul of the law on neglect.[20]



Cedars controversy


In 2011, Barnardo's was criticised for its work in Cedars, the name chosen by UK Immigration Enforcement for what it describes as "pre-departure accommodation" (detention facility) near Gatwick Airport used to hold families with children pending deportation. Barnardo's provides "welfare and social care facilities" at the detention centre, which is managed on behalf of UK Visas and Immigration by private security company G4S.[21] Barnardo's has been criticised by Frances Webber of the Institute of Race Relations for "legitimising child detention".[22]

Activists opposed to the detention of children, such as members of the No Border network, have mounted a campaign against the charity's involvement in Cedars[23] including actions such as occupying Barnardo's London head office in February 2012,[24] and disrupting the "Barnardo's Young Supporters" choir concert at the Royal Albert Hall in April 2012.[25]

In response to criticism, Anne Marie Carrie, then Chief Executive of Barnardo's, stated that the decision to provide welfare and social care services at Cedars is in the children's best interests,[26] outlining Barnardo's "red lines" and the action it will take if the welfare and dignity of any asylum seeking families and children is at risk.[27][28][29]

Child physical and sexual abuse


The 2014–2015 Northern Ireland Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry included Barnardo's Sharonmore Project, Newtownabbey and Barnardo's Macedon, Newtownabbey among the institutions under investigation.[30] The charity was aware of child abuse but did not retain the records, as the evidence could have been used in court.[31] Barnardo's was also implicated in this inquiry for sending British children to Australia in the mid-20th century, where some were tortured, raped and enslaved.[9] Barnardo's acknowledges its role in this "well intentioned" but "deeply misguided" policy supported by the government of the time.[32]

Barnardo's was further scrutinised in 2018, as investigations and inquiries into failures in NGO safeguarding expanded.[33]

In 2020 the Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry issued a report which included Barnardo's homes at Tyneholm, Balcary, Glasclune and Craigerne in Scotland. The Inquiry concluded that children in the care of these homes in the 1950s and 1960s suffered emotional, sexual and physical abuse.[34]



Martin Crewe, the head of Barnardo's Scotland, said in 2020: "We absolutely apologise for what happened to those individuals. Any instance of abuse is absolutely unacceptable."[35]

On 11 March 2022 ministers from the five main political parties in Northern Ireland and six abusing institutions made statements of apology in the Northern Ireland Assembly.[36] The six institutions that apologised for carrying out abuse were De La Salle Brothers, represented by Br Francis Manning; the Sisters of Nazareth, represented by Sr Cornelia Walsh; the Sisters of St Louis represented by Sr Uainin Clarke; the Good Shepherd Sisters, represented by Sr Cait O'Leary; Barnardo's in Northern Ireland, represented by Michele Janes; and Irish Church Missions, represented by Rev Mark Jones.[36]

In live reporting after the apology, BBC News reported that Jon McCourt from Survivors North West said "If what happened today was the best that the church could offer by way of an apology they failed miserably. There was no emotion, there was no ownership. ... I don't believe that the church and institutions atoned today." He called on the institutions to "do the right thing" and contribute to the redress fund for survivors, saying that institutions have done similar for people in Scotland.[37]: 15:11  McCourt praised the government ministers' apologies; they had "sat and thought out and listened to what it was we said", but said that the institutions had failed to do this, leading to some victims having to leave the room while they were speaking, "compound[ing] the hurt."[37]: 15:22 

Others angry at the institutions' apologies included Caroline Farry, who attended St Joseph's Training School in Middletown from 1978 to 1981, overseen by nuns from the Sisters of St Louis,[37]: 15:04  Pádraigín Drinan from Survivors of Abuse,[37]: 14:55  and Alice Harper, whose brother, a victim of the De La Salle Brothers, had since died.[37]: 14:55  Peter Murdock, from campaign group Savia, was at Nazareth Lodge Orphanage with his brother (who had recently died); he likened the institution to an "SS camp". He said "It's shocking to hear a nun from the institution apologising ... it comes 30 years too late ... people need to realise that it has to come from the heart. They say it came from the heart but why did they not apologise 30 years ago?"[37]: 14:34 



During the 1950s children from the homes made recordings, including appearing on Petula Clark's 1952 recording of "Where Did My Snowman Go?".[38][39] They also made recordings as a vocal group for Polygon and Pye Nixa Records.[40]

Barnardo's Barkingside regeneration programme


Barnardo's employs approximately 450 staff in Barkingside in Ilford, eastern Greater London, including secondments and visitors. Since September 2013 operations were consolidated in one, smaller, building on the Barkingside site.[41][42] The new building was financed by housing developments undertaken after public consultation and discussions with local residents in Barkingside.[43]



Barnardo's is a founding member of Fostering Through Social Enterprise (FtSE), a consortium of voluntary and non-profit fostering agencies that advocate for children in respect of regulation, as well as representing its membership at central government level.[44]

In January 2016, it was announced that Barnardo's would be one of the chosen charities for Santander's The Discovery Project alongside Age UK. As well giving as financial donations to the charities on Track project, Santander will also allow staff to volunteer in their charity shops.[45]

In the Commonwealth


Spinoff charities Barnados Australia and Barnardos New Zealand were set up in the 20th century (now spelt without an apostrophe, following local practice) with the same mission. Barnados Australia uses similar slogan to the UK organisation, "We believe in children," while Barnardos New Zealand uses "Do more for Kiwi kids."[citation needed]

See also



  1. ^ a b c "Barnardo's". Charity Commission for England and Wales. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  2. ^ Index to Certificates Archived 14 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine Barnardo's (retrieved 5 March 2024)
  3. ^ "Barnardo's I Celebrities believe in children event". Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Dr Barnardo's charity for children". The Telegraph. London. 17 September 2001. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Our history". Barnardo's website. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  6. ^ "History page,". Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  7. ^ Clare Jerrom. "Martin Narey interview,, January 2006". Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  8. ^ Oliver, Mark (3 October 2002). "The echoes of Barnardo's altered imagery". The Guardian. London.
  9. ^ a b Symonds, Tom (26 February 2017). "The child abuse scandal of the British children sent abroad". BBC News. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  10. ^ Gollom, Mark (1 October 2017). "'It's like they never existed': Toronto monument will honour mistreated British Home Children". CBC News. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Paddington Bears pictured with Camilla as tributes to late Queen sent to charity". BBC News. 16 October 2022. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  12. ^ Hamilton, Suzi (2012). Notice me! : a Barnardo child's scrapbook of memories : 1946 to 1961 (First ed.). Ely, Cambridgeshire. ISBN 978-1-907732-81-2. OCLC 859179393.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  13. ^ "Mixed-race children given up to children's homes". The Mixed Museum. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  14. ^ John Carvel, social affairs editor (13 November 2003). "Barnardo's ad provokes storm of protest | Society". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2010. {{cite news}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  15. ^ Hickman, Martin (10 December 2003). "Barnardo's cockroach adverts banned – Media, News". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 19 November 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  16. ^ Mark Sweney (2 December 2008). "ASA to investigate Barnardo's TV ad". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  17. ^ Mark Sweney (10 December 2008). "Barnardo's ad cleared by ASA despite complaints". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  18. ^ McVeigh, Tracy (6 September 2009). "Take more babies away from bad parents, says Barnardo's chief". The Guardian. London.
  19. ^ Bingham, John (7 September 2009). "Barnardo's chief Martin Narey calls for children to be taken away from 'failed' parents at birth". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  20. ^ Children in care being returned to abusive homes – NSPCC
  21. ^ "Pre-departure accommodation – Cedars". UK Border Agency homepage. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  22. ^ Webber, Frances (17 March 2011). "Does Barnardo's legitimise child detention?". London: Institute of Race Relations.
  23. ^ "Barnardo's campaign timeline". London No Borders. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  24. ^ "Video of Barnardo's Protest". London No Borders. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  25. ^ "Activists disrupt Barnardo's fundraiser over child detention". UK Indymedia. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  26. ^ "Barnardo's chief: in the best interests of the children". The Guardian. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  27. ^ "Barnardo's sets out red lines for involvement in Pre-Departure Accommodation". 7 July 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  28. ^ "Barnardo's stands by red lines on family returns". 19 September 2012. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  29. ^ "Barnardo's response to the report by Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons report on Cedars pre-departure accommodation". 23 October 2012. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  30. ^ "Frequently asked questions". 7 October 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  31. ^ "Child abuse 'cover-up' claims after Barnardo's admits systematically destroying files". 4 June 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Our history". Barnardo's.
  33. ^ Ratcliffe, Rebecca (30 July 2018). "MPs accuse aid groups of 'abject failure' in tackling sexual abuse". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  34. ^ "Case Study no. 3: The provision of residential care for children in Scotland by Quarriers, Aberlour Child Care Trust, and Barnardo's between 1921 and 1991" (PDF). Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry. January 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  35. ^ "Charity boss says sorry for abuse at children's homes". STV News. 14 February 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  36. ^ a b McCormack, Jayne; Andrews, Chris (11 March 2022). "Abuse survivors hear Stormont public apology". BBC News.
  37. ^ a b c d e f Connolly, Gráinne; Glynn, Niall; McCauley, Ciaran (11 March 2022). "Abuse survivors apology delivered at Stormont (reported live)". BBC News.
  38. ^ "Petula Clark, the Chorus of Children from Dr. Barnardo Homes". Amazon UK. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  39. ^ "Petula Clark with The Chorus of Children From Dr. Barnardo Homes". Trackitdown. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  40. ^ "The Dr Barnardo's Children And Bill Shepherd Orchestra". discogs. December 1958. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  41. ^ "Barnardo's Barkingside Development Brief". Redbridge London Borough. December 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  42. ^ "Barnardo's Barkingside Regeneration Programme". Barnardo's. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  43. ^ "Building new homes for the local community". Barnardo's. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  44. ^ "Organisational membership of Fostering through Social Enterprise (FtSE)". Barnardo's. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  45. ^ News, Melanie May on 19 January 2016 in (19 January 2016). "Santander selects new three-year charity partners". UK Fundraising. Retrieved 28 May 2017. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)