Bardi, Emilia-Romagna

Bardi (Emilian: Bàrdi) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Bologna and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Parma, in the upper Ceno valley at the confluence of the rivers Ceno and Noveglia. It is dominated by the imposing Landi Castle [it] built over a spur of red jasper.

Bardi
Comune di Bardi
The Castle of Bardi
The Castle of Bardi
Coat of arms of Bardi
Coat of arms
Location of Bardi
Bardi is located in Italy
Bardi
Bardi
Location of Bardi in Italy
Bardi is located in Emilia-Romagna
Bardi
Bardi
Bardi (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 44°38′N 9°44′E / 44.633°N 9.733°E / 44.633; 9.733
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceParma (PR)
FrazioniAssirati, Bazzini, Bergazzi, Berlini, Bertonazzi, Boccolo, Bosini, Bre, Brugnoli, Caberra, Cacrovoli, Caneto, Cantiga, Caprile, Carpana, Casanova, Case Ini, Case Soprane, Cavallare, Cerreto, Chiesabianca, Cogno, Credarola, Cogno Grezzo, Comune Soprano, Costa, Cremadasca, Diamanti, Dorbora, Faccini, Faggio, Fantoni, Ferrari, Filippini, Franchini, Frassineto, Gabriellini, Gazzo, Geminiano, Granelli, Granere, Gravago, Grezzo, Lezzara, Lobbie, Moglie, Monastero, Noveglia, Osacca, Panigaro, Pareto, Piana Gazzo, Pianelletto, Pieve, Pione, Ponteceno di sopra, Romei, Roncole, Rossi, Rugarlo, Saliceto, Santa Giustina, Segarati, Sidolo, Tanugola, Taverna, Tiglio, Vicanini, Vischetto di Là, Vosina
Government
 • MayorGiancarlo Mandelli (Insieme per Bardi)
Area
 • Total190.1 km2 (73.4 sq mi)
Elevation
625 m (2,051 ft)
Population
 (31 July 2011)[3]
 • Total2,355
 • Density12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bardigiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
43032
Dialing code0525
Patron saintSt. John the Baptist
Saint dayJune 24
WebsiteOfficial website

Bardi borders the following municipalities: Bedonia, Bore, Borgo Val di Taro, Compiano, Farini, Ferriere, Morfasso, Valmozzola, Varsi.

HistoryEdit

According to a legend, the town's name derives from "Bardus", or "Barrio", the last elephant of Hannibal's army, who supposedly died here during the march to Rome. Historically, the name stems from the Lombard nobility who established themselves in Bardi around 600 AD. In 1000 the bishop of Piacenza took up residence here.

In 1257 the Landi of Piacenza acquired it, remaining lord of Bardi for the following four centuries. In 1269 the castle was stormed by an army led by Alberto Fontana, and the commune of Piacenza held it until 1307, when Emperor Henry VII gave it back to Umbertino II Landi. Galeazzo I Visconti of Milan obtained a notable victory over the Guelphs in the vicinity on November 29, 1321. In 1381 the Landi were declared formally independent by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, and obtained a complete autonomy in 1415.

Federico and his daughter Polissena Bardi renewed the castle in the 16th-17th century, establishing a college which lasted until 1805. In 1682 Polissena's son Dario ceded Bardi to Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza, and the town followed the story of the latter until the unification of Italy.

From the late 19th to the 20th century, much of the town's population emigrated to France, Switzerland, Belgium and particularly Wales, where they had a notable impact on Welsh life. Today many Welsh Italians return to Emilia Romagna for short breaks and as a second home.

During World War II the area saw numerous clashes between the German occupants and the partisans, the city being bombed by 12 Stukas on July 17, 1944.

Main sightsEdit

  • Castello dei Landi'
  • Parish Church of San Giovanni Battista (16th century)
  • Parish Church of 'Santa Maria Addolorata (20th century)
  • Oratory of Santa Maria delle Grazie (13th century) - It houses an early work by Mannerist painter Parmigianino, the Bardi Altarpiece (1521)
  • Parish Church San Martino Dicatum (Localita Rugarlo di Bardi)
  • Parish Church of Santa Maria Assunta - 900AD - (Frazione Casanova di Bardi)
  • Chapel dedicated to San Siro
  • Memorial Chapel of the Arandora Star (20th century)[4]
  • River Ceno[5]
  • Frazione Gravago di Bardi - There is a castle here built in the 8th century and owned by the Landi.
  • The Mechanical Bear situated in Via Provinciale. It is a tradition to have your photo taken whilst astride the bear every time you visit. It is said to bring good fortune and virility.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ SS Arandora Star
  5. ^ Ceno
  6. ^ Levy, Paul. "Berni, Aldo (1909–1997)". ODNB. Retrieved 12 June 2014.

External linksEdit