Banesh (Persian: بانش, also Romanized as Bānesh; also known as Bānish)[1] is a village in Beyza District, Sepidan County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,904, in 688 families.[2]

Banesh
بانش
village
Banesh is located in Iran
Banesh
Banesh
Coordinates: 30°06′04″N 52°25′45″E / 30.10111°N 52.42917°E / 30.10111; 52.42917Coordinates: 30°06′04″N 52°25′45″E / 30.10111°N 52.42917°E / 30.10111; 52.42917
Country Iran
ProvinceFars
CountySepidan
DistrictBeyza
villageBanesh
Population
 (2006)
 • Total2,904
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

The Banesh is located 60 km north of Shiraz.

ArchaeologyEdit

This area was occupied from the sixth millennium BC. During the Proto-Elamite period (late fourth millennium BC), the nearby Anshan became one of the main cities of the Elamite region, thanks to its location on important trade routes.

Banesh periodEdit

Banesh is the typesite for one of the earliest cultural phases in Iran, known as the Banesh period. It is dated in 3400-2800 BC.

In the Early Banesh phase, around 3300 BC, Proto-Elamite culture emerged in the Kur River (or Kor River) basin. During the Susa III period (c. 3200 BC), when Susa was reestablished, its pottery was predominantly Banesh style, also featuring characteristic Proto-Elamite administrative devices.[3]

Banesh is part of the Marv Dasht area, which is a complex of several interconnected valleys and plains. During the mid-late Banesh Period (3100-2800 BC) Anshan was a huge city. It also featured a number of subsidiary villages and campsites.[4][5]

"Comprehensive studies of Banesh plant (Miller 1990) and animal (Zeder 1988, 1991) remains show that Banesh people focused on intensive cultivation of wheat and herding of sheep. Some craft activity, particularly ceramic and some stone vessel manufacture, was concentrated in specialized villages, at least earlier in the period (Alden 1982). In the main center, however, other craft activity, specifically copper processing, is attested only as small production areas in domestic contexts (Nicholas 1990)."[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Banesh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055221" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  3. ^ Kamyar Abdi, The Iranian Plateau from Paleolithic Times to the Rise of the Achaemenid Empire. The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History, Touraj Daryaee, ed. 2012
  4. ^ Henry Wright, The Earliest Bronze Age in Southwest Asia (3100-2700 BC) Archived 2017-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Alden 1982, Sumner 1986
  6. ^ Henry Wright, The Earliest Bronze Age in Southwest Asia (3100-2700 BC) Archived 2017-08-29 at the Wayback Machine