Bahía de Banderas

Bahía de Banderas (Spanish pronunciation: [ba'i.a ðe βan'deɾas], Spanish for Bay of Flags) is a bay on the Pacific Coast of Mexico, within the Mexican states of Jalisco and Nayarit. It is also the name of an administrative municipality, located on the bay in Nayarit state. The port and resort city of Puerto Vallarta is on the bay.

Boat on the Bahía de Banderas (Bay of Flags).

GeologyEdit

The Bahía de Banderas is regarded by most geologists as the original attachment point for the southern cape of the Baja California Peninsula before it was rifted off the North American Plate millions of years ago, forming the Gulf of California.[1]

GeographyEdit

 
Map of the Municipality of Bahía de Banderas, with towns.

The Bahía de Banderas (Banderas Bay) on the Pacific Ocean is bounded on the north by Punta Mita (Mita Point), and on the south by Cabo Corrientes (Cape Corrientes). Its coastline is approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) long.[2] Though locally regarded so, it is not the largest bay in Mexico.[3]

Tourism is very important to the local economies, and the Bahía de Banderas coast is an important location of tourist facilities development in both states. Puerto Vallarta has been the longstanding primary resort destination and cruise ship port of the bay. However, beyond the city on the long 100 kilometres (62 mi) coastline, other attractive beaches and landscapes have since been developed to serve visitors.

Bahía de Banderas (Banderas Bay) is also an important breeding and birthing ground for the humpback whale.

Unlike the rest of the municipalities of Nayarit, Bahía de Banderas follows the Central Time Zone, as used in the neighboring municipality of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco. This is in order to allow for greater integration with the touristic region of Puerto Vallarta, as well as to prevent time zone confusions that could lead to missed flights on account of the local airport being across the state border in Puerto Vallarta. This time zone is represented in the Olson database as America/Bahia_Banderas.

MunicipalityEdit

The Municipality of Bahía de Banderas in Nayarit state has a total area of 773.3 km². It was created in 1989. Its westernmost headland is Punta Mita, to the south it is on the Bahía de Banderas, and northwards it is on the open Pacific Ocean.

The municipality had a population of 83,739 in 2005 (59,808 in 2000). The long valley of Banderas, and abundance of water, allow for extensive cattle raising. The mountains contain an important ecological reserve in the eastern section.

By Decree number 7261, issued on 11 December 1989 by the Congress of the Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit, the new municipality of Bahía de Banderas was created, which would separate it territorially from the municipality of Compostela, becoming part of the political division of the state of Nayarit as municipality number 20.[4]

LocationEdit

The municipality of Bahía de Banderas borders Compostela in Nayarit to the north; the municipalities of Puerto Vallarta and San Sebastián del Oeste, both in Jalisco, to the south, the southeast, and the east; and the Bahía de Banderas and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

TownsEdit

The municipal seat is the town of Valle de Banderas, with a population of 5,057 in 2005. Other towns are San Juan de Abajo (8,159), Bucerías (5,711), San José del Valle (5,188), San Vicente (3,543), and Jarretaderas (3,426).

EconomyEdit

The municipality's economy is based on tourism, sea fishing, and agriculture.

The main crops are corn (maize), beans, sorghum, tobacco, rice, watermelon and mango. Exotic fruits like papaya, litchi, and guanábana are also grown. Most of the planted area is irrigated. There are several packing houses for papaya and other fruits.

GovernmentEdit

Municipal presidentsEdit

Municipal president Term Political party Notes
Crescencio Flores Alvarado[5] 1990–1993 PRI  
Carlos Valdés Rivera 1993–1994 PRI  
Julia Elena Palma Cortés 1994–1996 PRI  
Juan Ramón Cervantes Gómez[6] 17-09-1996–16-09-1999 PRI  
Luis Carlos Tapia Pérez[7] 17-09-1999–16-09-2002 PRI  
Héctor Miguel Paniagua Salazar[8] 17-09-2002–06-09-2005 PRI  
Jaime Alonso Cuevas Tello[9] 17-09-2005–16-09-2008 PRI  
Héctor Miguel Paniagua Salazar[10] 17-09-2008–16-09-2011 PRI  
Panal  
Coalition "For the Nayarit that we all want"
Rafael Cervantes Padilla[11] 17-09-2011–16-09-2014 PAN  
José Gómez Pérez[12] 17-09-2014–16-09-2017 PRI  
PVEM  
Panal  
Coalition "For the Good of Nayarit"
Jaime Alonso Cuevas Tello[13] 17-09–2017–16-09-2021 PAN  
PRD  
PT  
PRS  
Coalition "Together for You"
Mirtha Iliana Villalvazo Amaya[14][15][16] 17-09-2021– PT  
PVEM  
Morena  
Panal  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cartron, Jean-Luc E.; Ceballos, Gerardo; Felger, Richard Stephen (25 August 2005). Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Conservation in Northern Mexico. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195348125. Retrieved 1 October 2017 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ PVREBA. "What Makes Banderas Bay So Special?". PRLog. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  3. ^ es:Bahía de Sebastián Vizcaíno
  4. ^ "Pescadores de Bahía de Banderas. Forjadores de una nueva historia (page 17) —Fishermen from Bahía de Banderas. Shapers of a new history" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Nayarit. Bahía de Banderas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 1996. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PRI: 6193 votos. PAN: 4659 votos. PRD: 489 votos. PT: 267 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  7. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 1999. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PRI: 7864 votos. PAN-PRD-PT-Partido de la Revolución Socialista (PRS): 7274 votos. Partido Popular Socialista (PPS): 193 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 2002. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PRI: 9264 votos. PAN: 9050 votos. PRD: 240 votos. PT: 155 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 2005. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PRI: 10711 votos. Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal): 9214 votos. PAN: 1127 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  10. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 2008. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PRI-Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal): 13513 votos. PAN: 9860 votos. PT: 3239 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Elección de ayuntamientos 2011. Resumen de resultados por municipio. Bahía de Banderas. PAN: 14605 votos. PRI-PVEM-Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal): 14235 votos. PRD: 6502 votos. PT-Convergencia Democrática: 1396 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Resultados de las elecciones de presidente y síndico 2014. Bahía de Banderas. PRI-PVEM-Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal): 16676 votos. PRD: 15325 votos. Movimiento Ciudadano (MC): 9832 votos. PT: 702 votos. Partido de la Revolución Socialista (PRS): 251 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Resultados de la elección de presidente y síndico 2017. Cómputos municipales. Bahía de Banderas. PAN-PRD-PT-Partido de la Revolución Socialista (PRS): 17963 votos. PRI: 13747 votos. Candidato independiente Ernesto Pérez Zagaste "Chapo": 7203 votos. Movimiento Ciudadano (MC): 4263 votos. Morena: 1389 votos. Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal): 590 votos. PVEM: 327 votos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  14. ^ "Instituto Estatal Electoral de Nayarit. Presidencia y sindicatura. Votos por municipios" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Mirtha Villalvazo es presidenta electa de Bahía de Banderas". Tribuna de la Bahía (in Spanish). 12 June 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Mirtha Villalvazo protesta como presidenta de Bahía de Banderas". Vallarta Banderas (in Spanish). 17 September 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2021.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°38′58″N 105°22′56″W / 20.649491°N 105.382233°W / 20.649491; -105.382233