Babukhan (fl. 1328) (Chinese: 八不罕; Mongolian: Бабухан) was the wife of Taiding Emperor of the Yuan dynasty.[1]

Empress of China and Khatun of Mongols
PredecessorEmpress Sugabala
SuccessorEmpress Budashiri
SpouseYesün Temür
IssueRagibagh Khan


Babukhan's father was either Woliuchar or Maizhuhan, both grandsons of Anchen.[2] She was established as empress in the third month of the first year of Taiding's reign (1324). Her husband died four years later in Shangdu and their son Ragibagh succeeded him with the reign name Tianshun. Babukhan ruled as regent with the title empress dowager. Soon after a minister named El Temür led a coup in Dadu and placed Tugh Temür, second son of Emperor Külüg Khan and on the throne as Wenzong. It is unknown what became of Tianshun after the war. Babukhan and all of Taiding's wives and concubines were taken into El Temür's harem. She wasn't given a posthumous due to the fact that she wasn't considered legitimate empress by Tugh Temür.


  1. ^ Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank-The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907–1368
  2. ^ Zhao, George Qingzhi (2008). Marriage as Political Strategy and Cultural Expression: Mongolian Royal Marriages from World Empire to Yuan Dynasty. Peter Lang. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-4331-0275-2.
Royal titles
Preceded by Empress of the Yuan dynasty
Succeeded by