Basic Education High School No. 6 Botataung
Basic Education High School (BEHS) No. 6 Botataung (Burmese: အခြေခံ ပညာ အထက်တန်း ကျောင်း အမှတ် (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်; abbreviated to အ.ထ.က. (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်; commonly known as Botataung 6 High School or St. Paul's High School), located a few miles east of downtown Yangon in Botataung township, is a public high school, and one of the oldest high schools in Myanmar. The school initially offered three kindergarten classes - Lower, Middle, Higher known as LKG, MKG, HKG and First through Tenth Standard. It now offers classes from kindergarten to Tenth Standard (or Grade 1 through Grade 11 in the new nomenclature).
|Botataung 6 High School |
အ.ထ.က. (၆) ဗိုလ်တထောင်
Main Hall of Botataung 6 High School
|Principal||Dr. Kyaw Soe Naing|
|Number of students||~5,000|
Known during the British colonial days as St. Paul's English High School, the Roman Catholic parochial school was the top school of choice for the children of the elite. Many of the country's who's who in those days were alumni of St. Paul's. The school was nationalized in 1965. While it is no longer the leading high school it once was, the school continues to be among the better (certainly among the better known) high schools in Yangon, serving mostly the children of middle-class families from downtown Yangon and vicinity.
The school was founded as St. Paul's English High School by the De La Salle Brothers, a Roman Catholic order in August 1860, eight years after the British had seized Yangon and all of Lower Myanmar. It was the second La Sallian high school in the country. (St. Patrick's High School in Mawlamyine was the first La Sallian high school and founded in April 1860.) The initial school was a wooden building on Barr Street (now Maha Bandula Park Street) and moved to its present site in 1886. Between 1900 and 1908, two new Thomas Swales-designed wings were added. Later in the 1930s, a study hall and refectory were extended.
The all-boys school was among the few early schools that educated the children of the country's British officers, the Anglo-Burmese, the Anglo-Indians and the wealthy Burmese. Naturally, many of the notable colonial era names were St. Paul's alumni. The language of instruction was mainly English in the early days, and bi-lingual for some classes in the later days. Latin, science and higher mathematics were taught in the senior classes. Special interest classes such as Painting, and Carpentry and Woodcarving were also offered. The highlights of the school year were the annual sports and school concerts.
In April 1965, when Gen. Ne Win's military government nationalized private schools, the school was renamed to "Basic Education High School (BEHS) No. 6 Botataung". The primary language of instruction became Burmese. The school, which used to have a "Roll of Honor" for its outstanding students, steadily lost significance partly due to the new requirement to attend nearby schools as much as possible. Nevertheless, the school is still considered among the top high schools in Myanmar. Many well-to-do and wealthy families prefer to send their children to TTC and Dagon 1 High School. The elite do not hesitate to send their kids to English language private schools that cost US$8000 or more annually. Today, Botataung 6 attracts mostly the children of middle-class families from downtown Yangon.
The school has produced two top-ranked students, who finished first in the country's highly competitive University Entrance Examinations, one in 1974 and another in 1984.
Botataung 6 is one of the few high schools in Myanmar with a sizable campus, covering perhaps 75% of the entire city square block. The compound of St. Mary's Cathedral, north of the school, takes up the other 25% of the block. The school is bounded by Theinbyu Road to the east, Anawrahta Road to the south and Aung Kyaw Road to the west. The former Secretariat Compound, where Gen. Aung San was assassinated, is located across Anawrahta Road. The all-girls Botataung 4 High School (formerly, St. Mary's Convent School) and co-ed Botataung 5 High School are located in the vicinity of the school.
The gated campus consists of some of the best facilities available in Myanmar:
- Landmark U-shaped three-story main building—East and West wings house ten classrooms each, labeled A through J; also a Physics laboratory and a Chemistry laboratory
- Aung Kyaw Hall, two-story annex building; houses school's main auditorium and school library
- Aung San Hall, two-story annex building
- Regulation size football pitch
- Smaller practice football pitch; also used as an outdoor volleyball court
- One indoor basketball/volleyball court
- Two tennis courts; also double as basketball courts
The school offers classes from K through 10 in two daily shifts. (The Burmese education system is based on the colonial 11-year secondary school curriculum although most other countries are on a 13-year curriculum.) The early shift handles K through 4 and the second shift does 5 through 10. Due to the use of two shifts and the availability of a large number of classrooms, the class size at Botataung 6 is around 40 to 50, much lower than 70-80 students in a typical Burmese classroom.
The school which produced notable scholars in the past has succumbed to the provant teaching style based mainly on memorization and rote learning. Due to severe lack of funding, the school's library and labs are rarely used. Teachers teach for and students study for the exams. Most students attend specialized private classes (locally called tuition classes) on specific subject matters. In a world where teachers must supplement their abysmally low salaries, many of the private classes are given by the teachers (ignoring the conflict of interest) with the primary focus on exam-specific topics. The incestuous practice is typically an academic death knell for those not able to afford these special classes.
Although the schools are nominally free in Myanmar, in reality, parents still have to pay for school maintenance, donations and registration fees as well as books and uniforms. The overall costs quickly become considerable, even for middle class parents when the cost for evening tuition classes are factored in.
Academia and medicineEdit
|Ba Han||Preeminent lexicographer and lawyer
Author of the University English–Burmese Dictionary
Professor of Law at Rangoon University (1935– 1945)
Attorney-General of Burma in 1957
|Norman Hla||First surgeon to perform a liver transplant in Myanmar|||
|Htin Aung||Scholar of Burmese culture and history
Rector, Rangoon University (1946–1958)
Burmese Ambassador to Sri Lanka (1959–1962)
|Sithu U Kaung||1st Chairman of Myanmar Historical Commission
Director of Education from 1951 to 1957
A member of Currency Board of Burma
|Min Latt||Linguist of Burmese language, and writer|||
|Nay Ok||Well known private tutor of High School English in Yangon|
|Tha Hla Shwe||7th Rector of the University of Medicine 2, Yangon
President of the Myanmar Red Cross Society
|Than Nyun||Rector, Yangon Institute of Economics (1993)
Deputy Minister of Education (1994–1999)
Member, ASEAN Eminent Persons Group
|Chan Chor Khine||Burmese-Chinese businessman and philanthropist
Honorary magistrate of the Corporation of Rangoon
|Lim Chin Tsong||A tycoon in the early 20th century and a member of the Legislative Council of Burma|
|Serge Pun||Chairman, Serge Pun & Associates|||
Literature and artsEdit
|Richard Bartholomew||Burmese born Indian photographer, art critic, writer|||
|Htin Aung||Scholar of Burmese culture and history
Rector, University of Yangon (1946–1958)
Burmese Ambassador to Sri Lanka (1959–1962)
|Maung Maung Gyi||Famous pre-war watercolorist
First Burmese to travel abroad for studies in Western painting
|Colin McPhedran||Author of White Butterflies, a memoir of the author's escape from Burma in the face of the Japanese occupation in 1942.|
|Min Lu||Writer, screenwriter, poet|||
|Min Theinkha||Bestselling author of Sarpalin (Surveillant) Hnin Maung detective series|||
|Maung Thit Min||Songwriter, poet, writer|
|Myat Htan||National Literary Award-winning writer (1969)
Author of Hnaung Ta Mye Mye (နှောင်းတမြေ့မြေ့)
Honoured with Independence Mawgunwin (First Class) for military service with BIA during the struggles of Burma's independence
Honoured with Sithu Title for outstanding service to Myanmar
|Spike Milligan||Comedian, Novelist, Goon|
Music and cinemaEdit
|Bo Bo Han||Popular singer in the 1970s|||
|Khine Htoo||Popular singer in the 1980s|||
|Ki Ki Kyaw Zaw||Hip-hop singer|||
|Zinyaw Maung Maung||Two-time Myanmar Academy Award winning director|||
|Maung Myo Min (Yin-dwin-phyit)||Myanmar Academy Award winning director|||
|Nine One||Hip-hop singer|||
|Bunny Phyoe||Hip-hop singer|||
|D Phyo||Hip-hop singer|||
|Soe Paing||Popular singer in the 1970s|||
|Tha Htwe||Hip-hop singer|||
|Than Naing||Popular singer in the 1970s; of band Playboy|||
|Tin Aung Moe||Singer|||
|Thu Maung||Myanmar Academy Award winning actor, singer and writer|||
|Maung Wunna||Two-time Myanmar Academy Award winning director|||
|Yan Yan Chan||Hip-hop singer; of band ACID|||
|Ye Lay||Popular Burmese hip hop artist|||
|Zaw Gyi||Hip-hop singer|||
|Zaw Min Lay||Singer|||
|Zayar Thaw||Hip-hop singer with band ACID; MP, Pyithu Hluttaw (2012–present)|||
Politics and governmentEdit
|Aung Zan Wai||Minister of Social Services, former cabinet secretary in the government of Burma (Myanmar).|||
|Ba Cho||Minister of Information (1946–1947), one of the senior government officials assassinated on 19 July 1947
Publisher of Deedok newspaper
|Ba Khin||First Accountant General of Union of Burma
Leading Theravada Buddhist philosopher and propagator of Vipassanā meditation in the Ledi tradition
|Ba Maw||Prime Minister of Burma during the British and Japanese colonial rule (1937–1940; 1942–1945)|||
|Ba Pe||One of the four Burmese signatories to the Aung San–Attlee Agreement
Founder of Thuriya (The Sun) newspaper
|Maung Khin||First Burmese Chief Justice of the High Court (1921–1924) during the British rule
First Burmese to be knighted
|Kyaw Myint||Justice of High Court of Union of Burma|||
|Myint Thein||Third Chief Justice of High Court of Union of Burma (1957–1962)|||
|Bo Setkya||Member of the Thirty Comrades|||
|Taw Phaya||Burmese Prince and Pretender to the Throne of Burma (abolished in 1885)|
|Tin Tut||First Burmese ICS officer
One of the four Burmese signatories to the Aung San–Attlee Agreement
Finance Minister, (1946–1947)
First Foreign Minister of Union of Burma (1948)
|Nay Phone Latt||Blogger; Writer; Former political prisoner; Secretary for PEN Myanmar; Executive Director of MIDO (2007–present)|||
|Zeyar Thaw||Former political prisoner; MP, Pyithu Hluttaw (2012–present)|||
|Walter Chit Tun||Myanmar's first bodybuilder|
List of headmastersEdit
The following is a list of headmasters since nationalization in 1965.
- Thant Gyi (1965)
- Captain Ba Hein (1965–69)
- Myat Htun (1969–79)
- Tun Aung (1980–81)
- Thein Kyi (1981)
- Tin Tun (1981–83)
- Min Maung (1983–90)
- Kyaw Myint (1990–95)
- Win Naing (1995–96)
- Kyi Than (1996–2003)
- Khin Maung Soe (2003–05)
- Maung Lone (2005–07)
- Dr. Win Min Latt (2007–10)
- Dr. Kyaw Soe Naing (2010–12)
- Thein Win (2012–13)
- Kyaw Kyaw Tun (2014–present)
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- G. Hla Maung (1968). On International and Burmese Painting (in Burmese). Sitthidaw Sarpay.
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- "St. Paul's Alumni Association Concert and Variety Show to be Held at Tower Island, Kandawgyi Lake". The Healthcare Journal (in Burmese). 2 (48): 13. 2011-12-09.
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- "Academy Thu Maung Passes Away". Bi-Weekly Eleven (in Burmese). Weekly Eleven Media Group. 2010-05-04.
- "Writer, Director Maung Wunna Passes Away in Yangon". Bi-Weekly Eleven (in Burmese). Weekly Eleven Media Group. 2011-01-11.
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The Hon'ble U Aung Zan Wai was born 55 years ago at Kyauktaw in the Akyab District. Educated al St. Paul's High School, Rangoon
- Tin Naing Toe (18 July 2010). "Brief Biographies of the Martyrs". Bi-Weekly Eleven (in Burmese). Weekly Eleven Publishing Group.
- Donald M. Seekins (2006). Historical dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-8108-5476-5.
- Robert H. Taylor (2009). The State in Myanmar. NUS Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-9971-69-466-1.
- Thet Tun (August 2008). Atway-Amyin Journal (in Burmese). Missing or empty
- Wunna Kyawhtin Dr. Myint Swe (1966). Japanese Era Public Hospital: A Memoir (in Burmese) (2010 ed.). p. 392.
- U Tin Tut. Myanma Encyclopedia (in Burmese). 5. Government of Myanmar.
- "Nay Phone Latt on Google+". Google. Retrieved 2013-05-26.
- "List of Headmasters". Botataung 6 Alumni Site. Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-01-10.