Ayşe Sultan (daughter of Abdul Hamid II)

Ayşe Sultan (Turkish: Hamide Ayşe Sultan; Ottoman Turkish: حمیدہ عائشه سلطان; 31 October 1887 – 10 August 1960) was an Ottoman princess, the daughter of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and Müşfika Kadın.

Ayşe Sultan
Ayşe-sultan-abdulhamid.jpg
Ayşe Sultan with her husband
Born(1887-10-31)31 October 1887
Yıldız Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
Died10 August 1960(1960-08-10) (aged 72)
Serencebey Yokuşu no. 53, Yıldız, Istanbul, Turkey
Burial
Yahya Efendi Cemetery, Istanbul
Spouse
  • (m. 1910; div. 1921)
  • Mehmed Ali Bey
    (m. 1921; died 1937)
Issue
  • Sultanzade Ömer Nami Bey
  • Aliye Namiye Hanımsultan
  • Sultanzade Osman Nami Bey
  • Sultanzade Abdul Hamid Rauf Bey
Names
Turkish: Hamide Ayşe Sultan
Ottoman Turkish: حمیدہ عائشه سلطان
DynastyOttoman
FatherAbdul Hamid II
MotherMüşfika Kadın
ReligionSunni Islam

Early life and educationEdit

 
Ayşe Sultan in 1899, aged twelve

Ayşe Sultan was born on 31 October 1887 in the Yıldız Palace.[1] Her father was Sultan Abdul Hamid II, son of Sultan Abdulmejid I and Tirimüjgan Kadın.[2] Her mother was Müşfika Kadın, daughter of Gazi Ağır Mahmud Bey and Emine Hanım.[3][4] She was the tenth child and sixth daughter born to her father, but the only child of her mother.[5][6]

Ayşe's education took place in a study room in the Lesser Chancellery of the Yıldız Palace, together with her elder sister Şadiye Sultan. Their instructors were the privy secretary Hasib Efendi and the Private Enciphering Secretary Kâmil Efendi. Hasib Efendi would give lessons in the Quran, Arabic, and Persian, while Kâmil Efendi was to teach Turkish reading and writing, Ottoman grammar, arithmetic, history, and geography.[7]

Ayşe took her piano lessons from the hazinedar Dürrüyekta[8] (who later became the wife of her eldest brother Şehzade Mehmed Selim).[9] She was herself the student of François Lombardi (1865–1904[10]), who had been hired as instructor to the Imperial Corps of Music and from whom Ayşe also took lessons once a week.[8]

First marriageEdit

Ayşe Sultan was bethrothed to Ahmed Nami Bey, son of Fahri Bey, in 1908 during the last year of her father's reign.[11] However, at the overthrew of her father in 1909, the princess followed her parents into exile at Thessaloniki. The next year she returned to Istanbul.[5][12]

The marriage took place in June 1910 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, together with her sisters, Şadiye Sultan and Refia Sultan. The marriage ceremony was performed by Şeyhülislam Musa Kazım Efendi. The wedding reception took place two months later on 9 August 1910 in the Bebek Palace.[11][6][2]

The couple's first child, a son, Sultanzade Ömer Nami Bey was born on 4 November 1911 in the Bebek Palace. He was followed by Aliye Namiye Hanımsultan born on 7 February 1913, who died at the age of two months on 9 April 1913.[2] Before her father's death, Ayşe went to Switzerland,[13] where the couple's third child, a son, Sultanzade Osman Nami Bey was born on 13 January 1918 in Geneva.[2]

Divorce and second MarriageEdit

Ayşe Sultan and her husband divorced in 1921.[14] After her divorce, she married Yarbay Mehmed Ali Bey, son of Rauf Pasha on 3 April 1921 in the Nişantaşı Palace. The two together had one son, Sultanzade Abdul Hamid Rauf Bey born in 1921. At the exile of the imperial family in March 1924, Ayşe, her husband and children settled in Paris. She was widowed at her husband's death in 1937.[14][2][11] Her mother, on the other hand, chose to remain in Turkey, so that the two did not see one another for some 28 years, until the princess's return from exile in 1952.[5]

MemoirsEdit

Ayşe Sultan wrote her memoir in Istanbul after her return from exile, completing it by 1955. Ayşe, for large portions of the memoir she relied on the memory of her mother, as the two lived together the princess's return to Turkey. The work originally appeared in the serial format in the Turkish popular magazine Hayat in the late 1950s, followed by its publication as a book in Istanbul in 1960, shortly before the princess's death. The fact that the memoir was written as a magazine serial accounts for its format.[5][15][16]

At its publication, the major attraction of the book lay in the princess's recollections of her famous parent. Recognizing this, she titled her memoir Babam Sultan Abdülhamid (Turkish for "My Father, Sultan Abdul Hamid"). In it she crafted a personal view of Abdul Hamid the man the father, a kind of personal vindication to counteract what she saw as the distorted public image of the controversial ruler whose 33-year reign ended in dethronement and vilification.[17]

DeathEdit

Ayşe Sultan died on 10 August 1960 at the Serencebey Yokuşu, at the age of 72, and was buried in the imperial mausoleum at the Yahya Efendi dervish convent, adjacent to Yıldız Palace. Her mother survived her by nearly a year, dying in 1961.[5][15]

HonoursEdit

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
By Ahmed Nami Bey (married June 1910 – divorced 1921; 1873 – 13 December 1962)
Sultanzade Omer Nami Bey 4 November 1911 17 March 1993 Born in Bebek Palace; Married and had issue; Died in Lausanne, Switzerland[2]
Aliye Namiye Hanımsultan 7 February 1913 9 April 1913 Died in infancy, and buried in tomb of Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, Yahya Efendi Cemetery[2]
Sultanzade Osman Nami Bey 13 January 1918 15 July 2010 Born in Geneva, Switzerland; Married and had issue;[2] Died in Istanbul, Turkey, and buried in tomb of Mahmud II[20]
By Mehmed Ali Bey (married 3 April 1921; died 1937)
Sultanzade Abdul Hamid Rauf Bey October 1921 11 March 1981 Buried in Yahya Efendi Cemetery[2]

In popular cultureEdit

  • In the 2002 film Abdülhamid Düşerken, Ayşe Sultan is portrayed by Turkish actress Selin Demiratar.[21]
  • In the 2011 TV series Kirli Oyunlar, Ayşe Sultan is portrayed by Turkish actress Sıla Çetindağ.[22]

See alsoEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 278.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Adra, Jamil (2005). Genealogy of the Imperial Ottoman Family 2005. pp. 27–28.
  3. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 144.
  4. ^ Bağce, Betül Kübra (2008). II. Abdulhamid kızı Naime Sultan'in Hayati. p. 19.
  5. ^ a b c d e Brookes 2010, p. 123.
  6. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 694.
  7. ^ Brookes 2010, pp. 149–150.
  8. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 151.
  9. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 151 n. 22.
  10. ^ Baydar, Evren Kutlay (2010). Osmanlı'nın "Avrupalı" müzisyenleri. Araştırma-İnceleme. Kapı Yayınları. p. 59. ISBN 978-605-4322-14-5.
  11. ^ a b c Uluçay 2011, p. 257.
  12. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 695.
  13. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 158.
  14. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 696.
  15. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 697.
  16. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 258.
  17. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 124.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Yılmaz Öztuna (1978). Başlangıcından zamanımıza kadar büyük Türkiye tarihi: Türkiye'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi. Ötüken Yayınevi. p. 165.
  19. ^ Osmanoğlu, Ayşe (2000). Babam Sultan Abdülhamid. Mona Kitap Yayinlari. p. 104. ISBN 978-6-050-81202-2.
  20. ^ "En yaşlı Osmanlı dedesinin yanında". Milliyet. 18 July 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  21. ^ The Fall of Abdulhamit (2002), retrieved 2021-04-20
  22. ^ "5. Murad masondu". Ensonhaber (in Turkish). 2011-11-20. Retrieved 2021-01-30.

SourcesEdit

  • Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.
  • Uluçay, Mustafa Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara: Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.

External linksEdit