Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin

Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin (Ottoman Turkish: شهزادہ احمد کمالالدین‎; 16 July 1848 - 26 April 1905) was an Ottoman prince, son of Sultan Abdulmejid I and his seventh wife Verdicenan Kadın.

Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin
Prince kemaleddin.jpg
Born16 July 1848
Çırağan Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died26 April 1905(1905-04-26) (aged 56)
Beşiktaş Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Spouse
Sezadil Hanım
(m. 1876; his d. 1905)
Issue
more...
Münire Sultan
Names
Turkish: Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin
Ottoman Turkish: شهزادہ احمد کمالالدین
HouseOttoman
FatherAbdulmejid I
MotherVerdicenan Kadın
ReligionSunni Islam

Early lifeEdit

Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin was born on 16 July 1848 in the Çırağan Palace. His father was Sultan Abdulmejid I, son of Sultan Mahmud II and Bezmiâlem Sultan. His mother was Verdicenan Kadın,[1] daughter of Prince Kaytuk Giorgi Achba and Princess Yelizaveta Hanım. He had a full sister, Münire Sultan, three years elder than him.[1]

Kemaleddin and his brothers, Princes Mehmed Reşad (future Sultan Mehmed V), Mehmed Burhaneddin, and Ahmed Nureddin were circumcised in 1856.[2][3] After Abdulmejid's death in 1861, Kemaleddin and his mother settled in the Feriye Palace.[4]

Kemaleddin like his brothers, Sultan Murad V and Şehzade Ahmed Nureddin joined Proodos ("Progress" in Greek) Masonic lodge in 1875. This lodge was founded in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul in 1867, as an associate of the French lodge “Grand Orient.” The lodge’s rituals were conducted in both Turkish and Greek.[5]

Ali Suavi incidentEdit

 
Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin (far right) in circa 1870

After the deposition of Sultan Murad on 30 August 1876,[6] their half-brother, Sultan Abdul Hamid II accended the throne, and Kemaleddin became second in line to the throne.[7] Murad and his family were then confined to the Çırağan Palace.[8] On 20 May 1878,[9] an attempt was made to liberate Murad from the Çırağan Palace, and restore him to the throne. Kemaleddin and his younger half-brother Şehzade Selim Süleyman, and half-sisters, Fatma Sultan and Seniha Sultan, and her husband Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha were all involved in the plot.[10] They all wanted to see the rightful Sultan on the throne.[9]

The relations between Sultan Abdul Hamid II and Kemaleddin were sour. And so, he believed that Murad should be restored to the throne.[11] It is said that in the days when Abdul Hamid was a prince, Kemaleddin once ran into pressing financial difficulties. He applied to the wealthy Abdul Hamid for funds and even sent over valuable objects as security for a loan. But Abdul Hamid replied, "I'm no petty money changer! Since he wants to pawn something for money, let him try the money changes in the Caviar Building!" Kemaleddin took offence at this, and ever afterwards relations between the two were frosty.[12]

During the incident Ali Suavi, the radical political opponent of Abdul Hamid’s authoritarian regime stormed the palace with a band of armed refugees from the recent Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).[9] Ali Suavi's men were unable to overcome the fierce resistance of the Beşiktaş police prefect, Hacı Hasan Pasha.[13] The plot failed, and Ali Suavi and most of his men were killed.[14] In the aftermath, security at the Çırağan Palace was tightened.[15]

Personal lifeEdit

Kemaleddin's only wife was Fatma Sezadil Hanım. She was an Abkhazian,[16] and was born in 1856,[1] or 1860 in Caucasus.[16] The two married on 23 April 1876 in the Dolmabahçe Palace. She was the mother of princesses Atiyetullah Sultan, and Münire Sultan. She died on 9 February 1943 in Istanbul.[16]

Kemaleddin was allocated apartments in the Feriye Palace,[17] and shared the apartments of the crown prince located in the Dolmabahçe Palace with Şehzade Mehmed Reşad (future Sultan Mehmed V), after he became second in line to the throne in 1876. However, after the 1894 earthquake, the crown princes apartments were damaged, and two new pavilions, known as the "Hareket Pavilions", were constructed. Kemaleddin was then given one these pavilions.[18] He also owned an eighteenth-century mansion in Çengelköy in the silent hills of Bosphorus. Abdul Hamid then bought this estate for Prince Mehmed Vahideddin (future Mehmed VI), and registered the deed of the property in his name.[19]

DeathEdit

Ahmed Kemaleddin was killed by the order of his brother, Abdul Hamid II, on 26 April 1905[20] in the Beşiktaş Palace. He was buried in the royal mausoleum of Yahya Efendi, Istanbul.[1] He was honoured posthumously, after the 1908 resolution, for his liberal leanings.[7]

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
Atiyeullah Sultan 1877 1878[21] died in infancy; buried in Yahya Efendi Cemetery[21]
Münire Sultan 5 April 1880[22] 7 October 1939[22] married once, and had issue, one son

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Adra, Jamil (2005). Genealogy of the Imperial Ottoman Family 2005. pp. 8.
  2. ^ Özer, İlbeyi (2005). Avrupa yolunda batılaşma ya da batılılaşma: İstanbul'da sosyal değişimler. Truva Yayınları. p. 29. ISBN 978-9-756-23734-2.
  3. ^ Arslan, Mehmet (2008). Osmanlı saray düğünleri ve şenlikleri: Manzum sûrnâmeler. Sarayburnu Kitaplığı. p. 329. ISBN 978-9-944-90563-3.
  4. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 59.
  5. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 69 n. 44.
  6. ^ Williams, Augustus Warner; Gabriel, Mgrditch Simbad (1896). Bleeding Armedia: Its History and Horrors Under the Curse of Islam. Publishers union. pp. 214.
  7. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 283.
  8. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 13.
  9. ^ a b c Brookes 2010, p. 76 n. 51.
  10. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 76.
  11. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 59 n. 32.
  12. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 59 n. 31.
  13. ^ Brookes 2010, pp. 79–80.
  14. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 76 n. 51, 80 n. 56.
  15. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 85.
  16. ^ a b c Woronzow, Salome (September 20, 2016). Şehzade Zevceleri. Osmanlı Hanedanı Gelinleri 1850 - 1923. GRIN Verlag. p. 4. ISBN 978-3-668-30031-6.
  17. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 59, 72.
  18. ^ Göncü, T. Cengiz (2016). Dolmabahçe Sarayı Hareket Köşkleri'nin İnşa Sürecine ve Çevre Düzenlemesine İlişkin Yeni Belgeler ve Değerlendirmeler. Istanbul Araştırmaları Yıllığı. pp. 146–47.
  19. ^ Bardakçı, Murat (2017). Neslishah: The Last Ottoman Princess. Oxford University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-9-774-16837-6.
  20. ^ Kandemir, Feridun; Yıldırım, Tahsin (2006). Tüntüncübaşı Şükrü anlatıyor: Vahdeddin'in son günleri. Yağmur Yayınları. p. 84. ISBN 978-9-757-74764-2.
  21. ^ a b Şehsuvaroğlu, Haluk Y. (2005). Asırlar boyunca İstanbul: Eserleri, Olayları, Kültürü. Yenigün Haber Ajansı. p. 148.
  22. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 284.

SourceEdit

  • Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.

External linksEdit