Austin City Limits
Austin City Limits (ACL) is an American public television music program recorded live in Austin, Texas, by Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station KLRU, and broadcast on many PBS stations around the United States. The show helped Austin to become widely known as the "Live Music Capital of the World", and is the only television show to receive the National Medal of Arts, which it was awarded in 2003. It also won a rare institutional Peabody Award in 2011 "for its more than three decades of presenting and preserving eclectic American musical genres." For the first 12 seasons (1976–87), Austin City Limits was produced by the Southwest Texas Public Broadcasting Council. Beginning in season 13 (1988), Austin City Limits moved to its current production home at Austin's PBS affiliate KLRU, the Capital of Texas Public Telecommunications Council. The show was created in 1974 by Bill Arhos, Bruce Scafe, and Paul Bosner.
|Austin City Limits|
|Created by||Bill Arhos|
|Directed by||Bruce Scafe (1976–77)|
Charles Vaughn (1978)
Clark Santee (1979)
Allan Muir (1980–82)
Gary Menotti (1983–present)
|Narrated by||Terry Lickona (1979–present)|
|Theme music composer||Gary P. Nunn (1977–2004)|
John Mills (1982–98)
Tequila Mockingbird (2000–2004)
Charlie Sexton (2004–07)
Explosions in the Sky (2011–14)
Gary Clark, Jr. (2014–15)
|Opening theme||"London Homesick Blues" (1977–2004)|
"An Introduction" (2011–14)
"Travis County Line" (2014–15)
|Ending theme||"London Homesick Blues" (1977–2004)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||300+|
|Running time||60 minutes|
|Picture format||480i SDTV (1976–2004)|
720p HDTV (2004–07)
1080i HDTV (2007–present)
|Original release||January 3, 1976 –|
Beginning in season 15 (1990), Austin City Limits began broadcasting in Dolby Surround, and continued until season 24 (1999). Beginning in season 33 (2007–08), the show began broadcasting in widescreen HDTV 1080i. From 1976 to 2004 (seasons 1-29), the show was broadcast in SDTV 480i. From 2004 to 2007 (seasons 30-32), the show was broadcast in HDTV 720p.
Each episode ran for 60 minutes and typically consisted of two performances in a half-hour format, or one performance in a one-hour format, along with an interview from the day's artist. Beginning in season 30 (2003-2004) and continuing to today, Lickona would ask the day's artist a question. Beginning in season 10 (1985), Austin City Limits began taping outdoors. The show was originally taped at KLRU's Studio 6A during the first 36 seasons (1976-2011). Beginning in season 37 (2011-2012), the show moved to its current home at the Moody Theater.
Beginning in season 5 (1980), Austin City Limits introduced its Songwriters Special, which remained in use until season 34 (2008-2009). The first Songwriters Special teamed up with Willie Nelson, Floyd Tillman, Hank Cochran, Red Lane, Whitey Shafer, and Sonny Throckmorton.
The pilot episode featuring Willie Nelson, which was taped on October 17, 1974, and aired on March 22, 1975, but the audience was small. And the quality of the audio and video was so bad, that the pilot episode was never aired again. Lone Star Brewing Company will have to fund the show, and premiered nationally on January 3, 1976, with Asleep at the Wheel, and The Texas Playboys.
The show inspired the creation of the Austin City Limits Music Festival, an annual live music festival at Zilker Park in Austin. In 1982, Bill Arhos returned to Austin City Limits as the executive producer starting in season 7, and he stayed until his retirement in season 24 (1999). In 2015, Arhos died at the age of 80. In 2014, he was inducted into the Austin City Limits Hall of Fame. Some of the performances from Austin City Limits have been released as CDs and DVDs in the Live from Austin, TX series. Full episodes can also be viewed online at the show's official website. There is an Austin City Limits store at the Austin Bergstrom International Airport.
On June 21, 2012, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland, Ohio, announced that nearly forty years of Austin City Limits footage will be digitally archived "in perpetuity" at the Museum's new Library and Archives; recordings from more than 800 live performances will be made available to the public.
On September 9, 2018, Austin City Limits Radio was launched in Austin at 97.1FM, with an eclectic playlist representative of the television show's history.
MTV Live (formerly Palladia HD) acquired rerun rights to the series in 2016 under the moniker Best of Austin City Limits. From 2002 to 2003, CMT repackaged several country music-themed episodes under the moniker Best of Austin City Limits. When Austin City Limits aired on CMT, episodes ran for 42 minutes to make room for commercials, and began with an introduction by Charlie Robison, and Tara McNamara. From 1992 to 1993, TNN repackaged older Austin City Limits performers under the moniker Austin Encore. The program also aired on CMT Canada from 1998 to 2002.
The executive producer of Austin City Limits is Terry Lickona, who joined the program in 1979 during season 4, where he started off as a producer, now he's currently the executive producer. The first director of Austin City Limits was Bruce Scafe, who was the director for the show's first two seasons in 1976 and 1977; Charles Vaughn took over as producer-director in season 3 (1978); Clark Santee took over as director in season 4 (1979); Allan Muir took over as director in season 5 (1980), and he continued until season 7 (1982); Gary Menotti replaced Allan Muir as the show's current director starting in season 8 (1983).
For the first 36 seasons, Austin City Limits was taped in its original home at Studio 6A in the Communications Building B on the University of Texas at Austin campus, on a stage featuring a mock skyline of Austin in the background, which was introduced in season 7 (1982). The studio had a seating capacity of approximately 800, but due to limited access to fire exits the audience size was limited to 300. In 2010, the show and its original studio were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. A plaque near the entrance to Communications Building B commemorating the occasion proclaims Austin City Limits as the "longest running music show in the history of American television." On February 26, 2011, Austin City Limits held its first taping in its new purpose-built Austin City Limits Live at The Moody Theater (ACL Live) and studio in downtown Austin's Block 21. The additional seating capacity is used for an estimated 100 concerts and 100 private events per year at the venue.
On December 2, 2014, in celebration of Austin City Limits' 40th season, a DVD titled Austin City Limits Celebrates 40 Years was released.
Austin City Limits is the longest-running music series in American television history.
Hall of FameEdit
Established as part of the 40th anniversary of Austin City Limits in 2014.
- Bill Arhos (2014)
- Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble (2014) Played at Austin City Limits in '83 and '89
- Darrell Royal (2014)
- Lloyd Maines (2014)
- Willie Nelson (2014)
- Asleep at the Wheel (2015) Played at ACL in '02.
- Townes Van Zandt (2015)
- Loretta Lynn (2015)
- ACL Season One Crew (2015)
- Guy Clark (2015)
- Flaco Jiménez (2015)
- Dickie Peterson (2016)
- B. B. King (2016)
- Bonnie Raitt (2016)
- Kris Kristofferson (2016)
- The Neville Brothers (2017)
- Roy Orbison (2017) Played at ACL in '82
- Rosanne Cash (2017)
- Marcia Ball (2018)
- Ray Charles (2018)
- Los Lobos (2018)
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For the first 36 seasons, Austin City Limits was taped in Studio 6A with sets designed by Augie Kymmel and Robert Sertner. The first one is a dark room, the second was red and blue lights, the third one were horse fences, and finally, the Austin skyline backdrop. The show moved to the Moody Theater in season 37 (2011–12).
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In season 1, a soundcheck is run by producer Paul Bosner. From 1977 to 2004 (seasons 2–29), Austin City Limits used Gary P. Nunn's "London Homesick Blues" as the show's theme song. From 1982 to 1998 (seasons 7–23), the opening theme music was performed by John Mills. From 2000 to 2004 (seasons 25–29), the opening theme music was arranged by Tequila Mockingbird. From 2004 to 2007 (seasons 30–32), the opening theme music was composed by Austin musician Charlie Sexton. From 2011 to 2014 (seasons 37–39), the opening theme music was "An Introduction", written and performed by Explosions in the Sky. The opening sequence was created by Jonathan Jackson. For season 40, "Travis County Line" by Austin native Gary Clark Jr. became the theme. In season 41, a new theme music was introduced. For seasons 43-44, "History of Women" by The Black Angels became the theme.
- Pilot (1974)
- Season 1 (1976)
- Season 2 (1977)
- Season 3 (1978)
- Season 4 (1979)
- Season 5 (1980)
- Season 6 (1981)
- Season 7 (1982)
- Season 8 (1983)
- Season 9 (1984)
- Season 10 (1985)
- Season 11 (1986)
- Season 12 (1987)
- Season 13 (1988)
- Season 14 (1989)
- Season 15 (1990)
- Season 16 (1991)
- Season 17 (1992)
- Season 18 (1993)
- Season 19 (1994)
- Season 20 (1995)
- Season 21 (1996)
- Season 22 (1997)
- Season 23 (1998)
- Season 24 (1999)
- Season 25 (2000)
- Season 26 (2000-2001)
- Season 27 (2001-2002)
- Season 28 (2002-2003)
- Season 29 (2003-2004)
- Season 30 (2004-2005)
- Season 31 (2005-2006)
- Season 32 (2006-2007)
- Season 33 (2007-2008)
- Season 34 (2008-2009)
- Season 35 (2009-2010)
- Season 36 (2010-2011)
- Season 37 (2011-2012)
- Season 38 (2012-2013)
- Season 39 (2013-2014)
- Season 40 (2014-2015)
- Season 41 (2015-2016)
- Season 42 (2016-2017)
- Season 43 (2017-2018)
- Season 44 (2018-2019)
- Season 45 (2019-2020)
- 1974: The pilot episode of Austin City Limits features Willie Nelson.
- 1976: Season 1 premieres. Consisting of 15 episodes.
- 1977: Starting in Season 2, Gary P. Nunn's "London Homesick Blues" became the show's theme song, and it remained in use until Season 29 (2003-2004).
- 1978: Season 3 premieres. First season to have 13 episodes.
- 1979: Starting in Season 4, Terry Lickona takes over as producer, now he's currently the executive producer.
- 1980: Season 5 premieres. Allan Muir takes over as director, while Scott Newton, Bill Celaya, and Dean Rabourn join the staff.
- 1981: Season 6 premieres. The first Austin City Limits special "Swingin' over the Rainbow" airs.
- 1982: Season 7 premieres. The Austin skyline backdrop was introduced. John Mills composed the opening theme.
- 1983: Starting in Season 8, Gary Menotti takes over as director.
- 1984: Season 9 premieres. PBS premieres "Country Memories".
- 1985: Austin City Limits celebrated its 10th anniversary.
- 1986: Season 11 premieres.
- 1987: Season 12 premieres. This is the last season to be produced by the Southwest Texas Public Broadcasting Council.
- 1988: Season 13 premieres. The show is now currently produced by KLRU-TV, The Capital of Texas Public Telecommunications Council.
- 1989: Season 14 premieres.
- 1990: Austin City Limits celebrated its 15th anniversary. The show is now presented in Dolby Surround.
- 1991: Season 16 premieres.
- 1992: Season 17 premieres.
- 1993: Season 18 premieres.
- 1994: Season 19 premieres.
- 1995: Austin City Limits celebrated its 20th anniversary.
- 1996: Season 21 premieres.
- 1997: Season 22 premieres.
- 1998: Season 23 premieres.
- 1999: Season 24 premieres.
- 2000: Austin City Limits celebrated its 25th anniversary. Season 26 premieres.
- 2001: Season 27 premieres.
- 2002: Season 28 premieres. The Austin City Limits Music Festival was created.
- 2003: Season 29 premieres. This is the last season to use the show's theme song "London Homesick Blues".
- 2004: Austin City Limits celebrated its 30th anniversary.
- 2005: Season 31 premieres.
- 2006: Season 32 premieres.
- 2007: Season 33 premieres.
- 2008: Season 34 premieres.
- 2009: Austin City Limits celebrated its 35th anniversary.
- 2010: Season 36 premieres. This is the last season to be taped in its original home at KLRU's Studio 6A.
- 2011: Season 37 premieres. The show moved to its current home at Austin City Limits Live at the Moody Theater.
- 2012: Season 38 premieres.
- 2013: Season 39 premieres.
- 2014: Austin City Limits celebrated its 40th anniversary. The Austin City Limits Hall of Fame was created.
- 2015: Season 41 premieres.
- 2016: Season 42 premieres.
- 2017: Season 43 premieres.
- 2018: Season 44 premieres.
- 2019: Season 45 premieres.
- "Austin, TX Official City Website". Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- 72nd Annual Peabody Awards, May 2012
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- "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame gets treasure trove from 'Austin City Limits' – USATODAY.com Photos". Mediagallery.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "'Austin City Limits' archives find a permanent home: the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame | Pop Culture Blog". Popcultureblog.dallasnews.com. 2012-06-21. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- Maloney, Devon (2012-06-22). "'Austin City Limits' Archives Relocate to Rock Hall Museum | SPIN | Newswire". SPIN. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "Palladia will rebrand as MTV Live 2/1/16". Comcast Cable official forum posting. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Curtin, Kevin (2014-10-03). "The Poughkeepsie Kid: A night in the life of Austin City Limits ringleader Terry Lickona – Music". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Terry Lickona Takes ACL Beyond the Austin City Limit | School of Journalism". Journalism.utexas.edu. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
-  Archived October 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Terry Lickona". Roadtrip Nation. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Terry Lickona". Black Fret. Archived from the original on 2015-05-03. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Songwriters to Soundmen – Terry Lickona and Scott Newton – April 2010 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum". Rockhall.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- Cohen, Jason (2014-09-28). "Austin City Limits, Now 40, Feels Younger Than Ever". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- Zipp, Fred. "Terry Lickona Reflects on 40 Years of 'Austin City Limits'". Austinway.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Venue - ACL Live - Austin, Texas". acl-live.com.
- "Austin City Limits Celebrates 40 Years: Willie Nelson, Bonnie Raitt, Lyle Lovett, Foo Fighters, Jimmie Vaughan, Alabama Shakes and more., Bill Arhos: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "40-year-old TV show 'Austin City Limits' helps make Austin hip | Dallas Morning News". Dallasnews.com. 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Inductees - Austin City Limits Hall of Fame". acltv.com.
- "Portfolio – Jonathan H Jackson".
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