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Augustus Edmonds Tozer F.R.C.O., A.R.C.M. (13 January 1857 – ?? February 1910) was an English composer and organist.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Augustus Tozer was born in Little Sutton,[1] at the time a small village on the Wirral Peninsula, but now a suburb of the town of Ellesmere Port. He was sent to attend the City of London School in 1870 and, having shown a talent for music, went on to study at the Royal Academy of Music.

Academic lifeEdit

His particular skill was with the pipe organ and, having applied for membership of the Royal College of Organists was appointed as a Fellow at the exceptionally young age of 19. He subsequently attained his Licensiateship with the Royal Academy for his ability with the organ in 1882 and was awarded his Associateship of the Royal College of Music for his music theory and composition work in 1887.[1] Following completion of a degree in music at Durham University, he undertook further studies at Oxford University until, in November 1895, he qualified for his Doctorate.

AppointmentsEdit

His first formal appointment was as organist and choirmaster was at St. Mary Magdalene, St. Leonards-on-Sea, then an Anglican church, and, for a period, also held the position of choirmaster at the newly built Holy Trinity, Hastings.[1]

Whilst studying in London he converted to Roman Catholicism and took posts at several Catholic churches before settling on the south coast and becoming musical director for Church of the Sacred Heart, Hove, in 1888.[2] He held this post until close to his death.

Work and recognitionEdit

In 1890 he was admitted to the Sylvestrine Order by Pope Leo XIII for his services to Roman Catholic Church Music, having at least composed six full Masses and edited or compiled several Catholic hymnals.[3]

He also worked with Elgar, whose mother was a Catholic,[4] on several of his Catholic compositions, and included them in his collection 'The Complete Benediction Manual',[5] although Elgar later recounted to Hubert Leicester how Tozer had changed the harmonies so that the published version was “absolutely different” from, and inferior to, Elgar’s original.[6]

One of his most enduring hymn tunes is entitled Jazer and was set to several different words in both Protestant and Catholic hymnals.[7][8]

Later yearsEdit

In 1901, Tozer's health deteriorated and he retired from Hove where he was living “on his own means” to Steyning (later the home of John Ireland) where he died in February 1910.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Grove, George 'Dictionary of Music and Musicians'. Oxford: Oxford University Press (1999). ISBN 0-19-517067-9.
  2. ^ Martin, Margaret, 'History of the Sacred Heart Church,Hove. Brighton' (1999), unpublished.
  3. ^ The Catholic Church Hymnal (New York, 1905)
  4. ^ Moore, Jerrold N. (2004). Elgar: Child of Dreams. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-22337-0.
  5. ^ McVeagh, Diana, "Elgar, Edward". Grove Music Online, accessed 18 May 2011(subscription required)
  6. ^ Kennedy, Michael, "Elgar, Sir Edward William, baronet (1857–1934)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004,
  7. ^ Nutter, Charles S. 'Hymn Studies: an Illustrated and Annotated Edition of the Hymnal of the Methodist Episcopal Church' (1884)
  8. ^ 'The Methodist Hymn Book', (Tune A7), Methodist Conference Office, ASIN: B0013IZDZK (1933)