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Astros (Greek: Άστρος or Μεσόγειο Άστρος, "Inland Astros") is a town near the Argolic Gulf in the northeast Peloponnese in eastern Arcadia. It is the seat of North Kynouria municipality (Greek: Βόρεια Κυνουρία) and is accessible by the road connecting Corinth and Argos to the south. Its port, Paralio Astros lies 4 km to the northeast of the inland town.

Astros
Άστρος
Public school in Astros
Public school in Astros
Astros is located in Greece
Astros
Astros
Coordinates: Coordinates: 37°24′16″N 22°43′23″E / 37.404423°N 22.723030°E / 37.404423; 22.723030
Country Greece
Administrative region Peloponnese
Regional unit Arcadia
Municipality North Kynouria
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Rural 2,285
Community[1]
 • Population 2,408 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 220 01
Area code(s) 27550

Contents

HistoryEdit

The name of the town, built during the Greek War of Independence, is supposed to be taken from the ancient settlement Astron, mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography.[2]

Astros was the site of the Second National Assembly of the Hellenes during the Greek War of Independence, under the presidency of Petros Mavromichalis. This assembly produced the first constitution of Modern Greece.

The townEdit

The town has an elementary school, a high school, two lyceums, a number of churches including one which is situated on a hilltop, banks and a post office. There is a health clinic on the road to Leonidio. There is a number of public squares, the most westerly of which contains a small amphitheater built into the hillside.

GeographyEdit

GeologyEdit

 
Valley of Thyrea, Astros is visible on the right

Astros is located in east-central Peloponnese. Much of its land is rocky and bushy and unsuitable for cultivation, but there are some farms and groves in low-lying areas near town.

 
Sheep grazing on a farm just east of Astros

ClimateEdit

It has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild winters. The rain falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. This location is classified as Csa by Köppen climate classification.

Climate data for Astros
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
14.2
(57.6)
16.3
(61.3)
20.1
(68.2)
25.5
(77.9)
30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
33.0
(91.4)
29.2
(84.6)
24.1
(75.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.2
(59.4)
22.87
(73.17)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
10.3
(50.5)
12.5
(54.5)
16.0
(60.8)
21.1
(70)
26.2
(79.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.2
(82.8)
24.5
(76.1)
19.8
(67.6)
14.8
(58.6)
11.5
(52.7)
18.63
(65.53)
Average low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.1
(43)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
15.3
(59.5)
19.7
(67.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
14.8
(58.6)
10.7
(51.3)
7.8
(46)
13.48
(56.24)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 79.3
(3.122)
70.8
(2.787)
51.4
(2.024)
25.6
(1.008)
13.8
(0.543)
6.1
(0.24)
8.4
(0.331)
5.7
(0.224)
8.8
(0.346)
51.2
(2.016)
84.2
(3.315)
85.3
(3.358)
490.6
(19.314)
Source: hnms.gr[3]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit