Asikkala

Asikkala is a municipality of Finland. Its seat is in Vääksy, at the shores of the Lake Päijänne. It is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Päijänne Tavastia region.

Asikkala
Municipality
Asikkalan kunta
Asikkala kommun
Vääksy Canal
Vääksy Canal
Coat of arms of Asikkala
Coat of arms
Location of Asikkala in Finland
Location of Asikkala in Finland
Coordinates: 61°10′20″N 025°32′50″E / 61.17222°N 25.54722°E / 61.17222; 25.54722Coordinates: 61°10′20″N 025°32′50″E / 61.17222°N 25.54722°E / 61.17222; 25.54722
Country Finland
RegionPäijänne Tavastia
Sub-regionLahti sub-region
Charter1848
SeatVääksy
Government
 • Municipal managerRinna Ikola-Norrbacka
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total755.55 km2 (291.72 sq mi)
 • Land563.41 km2 (217.53 sq mi)
 • Water192.13 km2 (74.18 sq mi)
Area rank151st largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total8,049
 • Rank121st largest in Finland
 • Density14.29/km2 (37.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.6% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others1.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1413.3%
 • 15 to 6452.7%
 • 65 or older34%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.75%
Websitewww.asikkala.fi

The municipality has a population of 8,049 (31 March 2021)[6] and covers an area of 755.55 square kilometres (291.72 sq mi) of which 192.13 km2 (74.18 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 14.29 inhabitants per square kilometre (37.0/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Finnish, by law since 1996.

HistoryEdit

The oldest prehistoric objects discovered in Asikkala, primarily tools, are presumed to date back to approximately 3000 BCE. The island of Kotasaari in the village of Kalkkinen has been a significant source of finds as well; the settlement on the island dates back to the Stone Age. In the Middle Age, the hunters populating the area of Asikkala made excursions towards the north on the Päijänne. The oldest villages in the municipality are presumed to be Kalkkinen as well as Anianpelto, the former of which also housed the largest estate in the area, known as Iisakkila or Kalkkinen.[7]

Asikkala is mentioned in writing for the first time in a document concerning a border dispute with Sysmä in 1443. It is mentioned in 1445 as an administrative parish, whose subordinates in taxation included the villages of Viitaila, Asikkala and Urajärvi, and later Ruuhijärvi in modern-day Nastola. In the early 1600s, Asikkala became an independent chapel parish from the mother parish of Hollola.[7]

GeographyEdit

VillagesEdit

In 1967, Asikkala had 24 legally recognized villages (henkikirjakylät):[8]

  • Anianpelto
  • Asikkala
  • Hillilä
  • Iso-Äiniö
  • Joenniemi
  • Kalkkinen
  • Keltaniemi
  • Kopsuo
  • Kurhila
  • Muikkula
  • Myllykselä
  • Paakkola
  • Pulkkila
  • Pätiälä
  • Reivilä
  • Riihilahti
  • Salo
  • Särkijärvi
  • Urajärvi
  • Vehkoo
  • Vesivehmaa
  • Viitaila
  • Vähimaa
  • Vähä-Äiniö

DemographicsEdit

In 2020, 13.3% of the population of Asikkala was under the age of 15, 52.7% were aged 15 to 64, and 34.0% were over the age of 64. The average age was 49.9, above the national average of 43.4 and regional average of 46.1. Speakers of Finnish made up 97.4% of the population and speakers of Swedish made up 0.2%, while the share of speakers of foreign languages was 2.4%. Foreign nationals made up 1.8% of the total population.[9]

The chart below, describing the development of the total population of Alavus from 1975-2020, encompasses the municipality's area as of 2021.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1975 7,798—    
1980 8,251+1.14%
1985 8,564+0.75%
1990 8,822+0.60%
1995 8,782−0.09%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 8,644−0.32%
2005 8,560−0.20%
2010 8,552−0.02%
2015 8,287−0.63%
2020 8,059−0.56%
Source: Statistics Finland[10]

Urban areasEdit

In 2019, out of the total population of 8,083, 5,188 people lived in urban areas and 2,814 in sparsely populated areas, while the coordinates of 81 people were unknown. This made Asikkala's degree of urbanization 64.8%.[11] The urban population in the municipality was divided between two urban areas as follows:[12]

# Urban area Population
1 Vääksy 4,810
2 Lahti central locality 378[a]

PoliticsEdit

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Asikkala:

EconomyEdit

In 2018, 9.6% of the workforce of Asikkala worked in primary production (agriculture, forestry and fishing), 28.7% in secondary production (e.g. manufacturing, construction and infrastructure), and 58.6% in services. In 2019, the unemployment rate was 9.2%, and the share of pensioners in the population was 37.4%.[13]

The ten largest employers in Asikkala in 2019 were as follows:[14]

  1. Municipality of Asikkala, 303 employees
  2. Päijät-Häme Health Care Municipal Consortium, 187 employees
  3. JELD-WEN Suomi Oy, 95 employees
  4. Rapala VMC Oyj, 77 employees
  5. Salpaus Further Edcuation, 37 employees
  6. Regional Council of Päijät-Häme, 34 employees
  7. Viipurilainen Kotileipomo Oy, 32 employees
  8. Urajärven Metalli Oy, 30 employees
  9. Parish of Asikkala, 22 employees
  10. Osuuskauppa Hämeenmaa, 22 employees

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Lahti central locality has a total population of 119,469, and in addition to Asikkala, reaches the municipalities of Lahti (103,990 residents) and Hollola (15,101 residents).[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Population by municipality as of 31 October 2010". Population Information System (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  7. ^ a b Huovinen, Pentti; Rikkinen, Kalevi; Sihvo, Hannes (1984). Finlandia: Otavan iso maammekirja, osa 3: Häme ja Pirkanmaa (in Finnish). Helsinki: Otava. pp. 50–53. ISBN 951-1-07914-X.
  8. ^ Fogelberg, Paul; Rautava, Erkki; Papunen, Pentti; Mäkinen, Vesa (1967). "Asikkala". Suomenmaa: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos. 1: Ahlainen–Hausjärvi. Helsinki: WSOY.
  9. ^ "Key figures on population by region, 1990-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area, 1972-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Degree of urbanisation by area, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Population in urban settlements and sparsely populated areas by age, sex and municipality, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Municipal key figures 1987-2020 (with the 2021 regional division)". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021. (2018 and 2019)
  14. ^ "Kunnittainen toimipaikkatilasto" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.

External linksEdit