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Arthur Raymond Chung (10 January 1918 – 23 June 2008) was the first President of Guyana from 1970 to 1980.[1] He was the first ethnic Chinese (Hakka Han) head of state in a non-Asian country.[2] During his time as President of Guyana, the office was that of a ceremonial head of state, with real power in the hands of Prime Minister Forbes Burnham. He was honoured with Guyana's highest national honour, the Order of Excellence (O.E.).

Arthur Raymond Chung

President Arthur Chung.jpg
1st President of Guyana
In office
17 March 1970 – 6 October 1980
Prime MinisterForbes Burnham
Preceded byEdward Luckhoo (Acting)
Succeeded byForbes Burnham
Personal details
Born(1918-01-10)10 January 1918
Windsor Forest, West Demerara, British Guiana
Died23 June 2008(2008-06-23) (aged 90)
Bel Air Gardens, Guyana
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Doreen Chung (1954–2008; his death)
Alma materMiddle Temple

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Chung was born into Chinese Guyanese family at Windsor Forest, West Coast Demerara in British Guiana; he was the youngest of Joseph and Lucy Chung's eight children.[1] He was educated at Windsor Forest, Blankenburg, and Modern High School. In 1954, Chung married another native of Windsor Forest, Doreen Pamela Ng-See-Quan, with whom he had one daughter and one son.[1]

Before civic service, Chung was an apprentice surveyor and sworn land surveyor. In the early 1940s, Chung entered the Middle Temple of London, England and qualified as a barrister in 1947. He returned to Guyana and was later appointed an acting magistrate. He became a magistrate in 1954 and a senior magistrate in 1960. Chung also served as Registrar of Deeds and of the Supreme Court. He then became a puisne judge and finally an Appeal Court Judge in 1963.

PresidencyEdit

When Guyana became a republic under the leadership of Forbes Burnham in 1970, the National Assembly elected Chung as the country's first President; he took office on 17 March 1970. Ten years later, a constitutional revision transformed the presidency into an executive position, and Burnham succeeded Chung as President[1] on 6 October 1980.[3]

 
Presidential Standard under Arthur Chung

Later yearsEdit

Chung died aged 90 on 23 June 2008[1][3] at his home. In the two months prior to his death he had been hospitalized a number of times, and he was last released from the hospital on 20 June.

LegacyEdit

In 2015, it was announced that the Guyana International Conference Centre (GICC) would be renamed the "Arthur Chung Convention Centre", and newly elected President David A. Granger stated: "I would like the first President in this country to be remembered. ... this is the 45th anniversary year of becoming a Republic and Mr Chung was the first person of Chinese descent who was President in a non-Asian country and it was historic."[4] After undergoing rehabilitative work, the Arthur Chung Convention Centre was recommissioned in June 2018.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Guyana’s first President dies" Archived 14 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, GINA, 23 June 2008.
  2. ^ Obituary – Arthur Chung
  3. ^ a b "Guyana’s first president Arthur Chung dies", Starbroek News, 24 June 2008.
  4. ^ "International Conference Centre to be renamed in honour of first President", Guyana Times International, 22 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Rehabilitated Arthur Chung Centre recommissioned", Ministry of Public telecommunications, 8 June 2018.

External linksEdit