Arnold, Duke of Guelders

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Arnold of Egmond (14 July 1410 – 23 February 1473) was Duke of Guelders, Count of Zutphen.

Arnold, Duke of Guelders
Arnold van Egmond.png
Arnold, Duke of Guelders
Born(1410-07-10)10 July 1410
Died23 February 1473(1473-02-23) (aged 62)
Noble familyEgmont
Spouse(s)Catherine of Cleves
FatherJohn II, Count of Egmond
MotherMaria van Arkel


Arnold was born in Egmond-Binnen, North Holland, the son of John II of Egmond and Maria van Arkel.

Egmond coat of arms

On 11 July 1423, Arnold, still a boy, succeeded Duke Reinald IV. Arnold was the grandson of Reinald's sister, Johanna. Although the Emperor Sigismund had invested the Duke of Berg with the duchy of Gelders, Arnold retained the confidence of the Estates by enlarging their privileges, and enjoyed the support of Duke Philip of Burgundy. Arnold was betrothed, and afterwards united in marriage to Catherine of Cleves, a niece of Philip of Burgundy. Subsequently, however, Duke Arnold fell out with his ally as to the succession to the see of Utrecht, whereupon Philip joined with the four chief towns of Guelders[1] in the successful attempt of Arnold's son Adolf to substitute his own for his father's authority. Arnold gave up his claim on Jülich only after his defeat in 1444 by Gerhard VII, Duke of Jülich-Berg.[2]

When Charles the Bold became Duke of Burgundy in 1467, after rejecting a compromise, Adolph was thrown into prison. Arnold, against the will of the towns and the law of the land, pledged his duchy to Charles for 300,000 Rhenish florins (1471).[2] Upon Arnold's death two years later at Grave, Charles took possession of the duchy, starting a series of wars that would last more than 70 years.

Family and childrenEdit

Arnold was married in Cleves on 26 January 1430 to Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479),[1] daughter of Adolph IV, Duke of Cleves and Marie of Burgundy. Their children were:



  1. ^ a b c Vaughan 2004, p. 292.
  2. ^ a b Künker 2007, p. 320.
  3. ^ Jansen 2002, p. 262.


  • Jansen, S. (2002). The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Female Rulers in Early Modern Europe. Palgrave Macmillan US. pp. 262–. ISBN 978-0-230-60211-3.
  • Künker, Fritz Rudolf (2007). Künker Auktion 121 - The De Wit Collection of Medieval Coins. GmbH & Co. KG Numismatischer Verlag Künker. pp. 320–. GGKEY:XA7PPK6ZHF7.
  • Vaughan, Richard (2004). Philip the Good: The Apogee of Burgundy. 3. The Boydell Press.
Arnold, Duke of Guelders
Born: 14 July 1410 Died: 23 February 1473
Preceded by
Reinoud IV
Duke of Guelders
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Duke of Guelders
Succeeded by
Charles the Bold