Armand Panigel (15 October 1920 in Bursa (Turkey) – 28 December 1995 in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence aged 75) was a French musicologist and film critic. He was also a historical figure of French radio and television in the fields of classical music and cinema.
A well-known radio man in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, he created, produced and hosted on France Musique the flagship radio show La Tribune des critiques de disques for 37 years, from 1946 to 1984 (in particular with Antoine Goléa, Jacques Bourgeois and Jean Roy), as well as other broadcasts.
From 1947 to 1964, he founded and directed the magazine Disques, a review of classical record critics. At the same time, the UNESCO commissioned him with indexing, with a view to publishing catalogues, all existing recordings in the world of certain great composers, starting with Bach, Beethoven and Chopin. In 1946, he was also the founding vice-president of the Académie Charles-Cros.
Also passionate about cinema, Panigel worked for French television, as music producer, film director and television presenter for numerous programs: notably Au cinéma ce soir which presented a film preceded by a montage of news from the time of its release, and L'Histoire du cinéma français par ceux qui l'ont fait, which today constitutes a considerable mine of interviews with the greatest French directors who were his contemporaries; but also Cinéma-Variations, Ce jour-là, j'en témoigne : chroniques du temps de l'ombre 1940-44 (Histoire de la Résistance) and Portraits de cinéastes et de musiciens (1964–82).
In 1985, he created the Armand Panigel Foundation in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, a group of scholarship specialists in his favourite fields and concerned by the transmission of the memory of the great interpretations of the past to as many people as possible, thus sharing 60 years of its private collections: more than 200,000 classical records, 40,000 films and 160,000 books on music and cinema.
In the same spirit of safeguarding cultural heritage, he also pursued a career as a publisher, notably as director of series at Régie-Cassette-Vidéo, where he established la Mémoire du cinéma, and founding director of Rééditions d'enregistrements du domaine public (LPs) of classical music, dedicated to la Mémoire de la musique.
In addition to this already very dense career, Armand Panigel also held the following positions: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of "Éditions et impressions de la Cinématographie française (1962–64)", président of the Commission d'avances sur recettes du cinéma (1975–76), Member of the Board of Directors of the association des auteurs de films, Director of collections of classical music CDs (1993–95).
His career has been rewarded with his promotion to the rank of officer of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
He was also the author of several reference books on music and cinema. In 1994, fascinated by new technologies, he began producing and directing CD-ROMs, "because it is a three-dimensional work, combining sound, image and text: it is the dream of my life," he declared to the AFP one year before his death.
- Le Guide français du disque (Éd. de la Revue Disques, 1948)
- L'Œuvre de Frédéric Chopin (Éd. de la Revue Disques, Archives de la Musique enregistrée UNESCO, 1949)
- Catalogue général des disques microsillons (Éd. de la Revue Disques, 1958–64)
- Index de la cinématographie française (Éd. La Cinématographie française, 1964)
- Les Écrits de S. M. Eisenstein : le cinéma, son sens, sa forme on livres-cinema.info, (adaptation from Russian and American, Christian Bourgois éditeur, ISBN 978-2-267-00047-4, 1975)