Arabic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy based on the Arabic alphabet. It is known in Arabic as khatt (Arabic: خط), derived from the word 'line', 'design', or 'construction'.Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script.
Although most Islamic calligraphy is in Arabic and most Arabic calligraphy is Islamic, the two are not identical. Coptic Christian manuscripts in Arabic, for example, may make use of calligraphy. Likewise, there is Islamic calligraphy in Persian.
- Julia Kaestle (10 July 2010). "Arabic calligraphy as a typographic exercise".
- Stefan Widany (June 2011). The History of Arabic Calligraphy - an Essay on Its Greatest Artists and Its Development. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-640-93875-9.