Aqueduct of Diocletian

The Aqueduct of Diocletian is an ancient Roman aqueduct near Split, Croatia (Latin: Spalatum) constructed during the Roman Empire to supply water to the palace of the emperor Diocletian, who was Augustus 284 to 305 AD, retired to Spalatum, and there died in 311.[1][2]

Dioklecijanov akvadukt
Diocletian Aqueduct
Bridge of the Diocletian aqueduct in Split.jpg
Coordinates43°53′50″N 16°48′50″E / 43.89722°N 16.81389°E / 43.89722; 16.81389Coordinates: 43°53′50″N 16°48′50″E / 43.89722°N 16.81389°E / 43.89722; 16.81389
CarriesAqueduct
LocaleSolin, Split, Dalmatia, Croatia
Characteristics
Total length9 km
Height16.5 m
History
Construction endreign of Diocletian (3rd/4th century)
Location

DescriptionEdit

The Aqueduct of Diocletian was constructed between the end of 3rd and beginning of the 4th century AD, at the same time as the palace.

The aqueduct took water from the river Jadro, 9 kilometres northeast of Diocletian's Palace, today Split's city centre, and brought water to the Palace over a height difference of 13 m. Another aqueduct took water from the same source to Salona.[3]

The aqueduct was destroyed in the invasion of Goths in the middle of 6th century and did not work for thirteen centuries after that.

The first reconstruction of the aqueduct took place during the reign of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1877–1880). The Diocletianic aqueduct was abandoned in 1932, when the modern water station was built in Kopilica, a peripheral area of Split. The best-preserved part of the aqueduct near Dujmovača (Solin) has a maximum height of 16.5 m and a length of 180 m.[4] The aqueduct is currently being restored.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Roman aqueducts: Split (Croatia)". Romanaqueducts.info. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  2. ^ IWA Regional Symposium on Water, Wastewater and Environment: Traditions and Culture. Patras, Greece , 22–24 March 2014 Water supply system of Diocletian's palace ın Split - Croatia K. Marasović 1 , S. Perojević 2 and J. Margeta https://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/693739.Water_supply_system_of_Diocletians_palace_n_Split_-_Croatia.pdf
  3. ^ "Roman aqueducts: Salona (Croatia)". Romanaqueducts.info. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  4. ^ "Decorative Arts: Ruins of the palace of the Emperor Diocletian at Spalatro in Dalmatia: Plate LXI. View of the aqueduct which conveyed water from Salona to the palace". Digicoll.library.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  • Joško Belamarić: Dioklecijanov akvedukt, Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, Uprava za zaštitu kulturne baštine, Konzervatorski odjel, 1999. Split, ISBN 953-6158-07-8.

External linksEdit