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Anzoátegui State (Spanish: Estado Anzoátegui, IPA: [esˈtaðo ansoˈateɣi]) is one of the 23 component states of Venezuela, located in the northeastern region of the country. Anzoátegui is well known for its beaches that attract many visitors. Its coast consists of a single beach approximately 100 km long. Its capital is the city of Barcelona, and significant cities include Puerto la Cruz and El Tigre.

Anzoátegui
State of Venezuela
Flag of Anzoátegui
Flag
Coat of arms of Anzoátegui
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Tumba de sus tiranos
(English: Tomb of its tyrants)
Anthem: Himno del Estado Anzoátegui
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
CountryVenezuela
Created1909
CapitalBarcelona
Government
 • GovernorNelson Moreno (2016)
Area
 • Total43,300 km2 (16,700 sq mi)
Area rank6th
 4.72% of Venezuela
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total1,469,747
 • Rank8th
 5.3% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00
ISO 3166 codeVE-B
Emblematic treeCereipo, or Guatamare (Myrospermum fructescens)
Websitewww.venezuelatuya.com/estados/anzoategui.htm

Contents

HistoryEdit

Named after the great hero of Venezuelan independence, José Antonio Anzoátegui (1789–1819), this state has its own history. The city of Barcelona, which is the state's capital, was founded by Spanish colonists in 1677. The present Anzoátegui State was included within the Cumaná Province, which was itself part of the Captaincy General of Venezuela, along with some other provinces (Guayana, Maracaibo, Caracas, Margarita and Trinidad). In 1810, it was separated from the province. It was in 1909 that it acquired the present political distribution.

GeographyEdit

Anzoátegui is located in the northeastern region of the country and is bordered by the states of Monagas and Sucre to the east, Bolivar to the south, Guarico to the west, Miranda to the northwest, and the Caribbean Sea to the north.

PopulationEdit

Based on the 2001 census information, the estimated population of Anzoátegui State in 2007 is 1,477,900 inhabitants.

EconomyEdit

Anzoátegui's economy is dominated by Venezuela's principal resource: oil. It houses the "Complejo Petroquímico de Jose", one of the biggest petrochemical facilities in Latin America. However, Anzoátegui also has thriving fishing and tourism industries.

Municipalities and municipal seatsEdit

PopulationEdit

Race and ethnicityEdit

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[1]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 54.9
White 629,802 40.0
Black 61,406 3.9
Other race N/A 1.2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External linksEdit