Anton Christian Bang

Anton Christian Bang (18 September 1840 in Dønna, Helgeland – 29 December 1913) was a Norwegian theologian, historian and politician for the Conservative Party of Norway. Bang was one of the more prominent figures within the Church of Norway in the decades around 1900.[1] He served as a professor of church history at the Royal Frederick University from 1885 onward, as Minister of Education and Church Affairs from 1893 to 1895, and as Bishop of Oslo from 1896 to 1912.

Bishop of Oslo

Anton Christian Bang
Anton Chr. Bang.jpg
ChurchChurch of Norway
Personal details
Born(1840-09-18)18 September 1840
Died29 December 1913(1913-12-29) (aged 58)
Kristiania, Norway
Alma materUniversity of Oslo
Anton Christian Bang
Minister of Education and Church Affairs
In office
2 May 1893 – 27 April 1895
Prime MinisterEmil Stang
Preceded byCarl Berner
Succeeded byEmil Stang


Bang was born on the island of Dønna in Nordland to Ivar Christian Bang Andersen and Mariane Hansdatter Klæboe. As a youth he was involved in the Lofoten fishing season. He attended a teachers' school in Tromsø (1858–1960) and theology studies (1862–1867), and then served in ministries in Gran, in Tromsø, and at Gaustad asylum in Christiania. In 1876 he received the first doctorate in theology at the University of Oslo on the subject Om Kristi Opstandelses historiske Virkelighed (The Historical Reality of Christ's Resurrection).[2]

Bang was a professor of church history (1885) and Bishop of Oslo (1896–1912). As the Bishop of Oslo and with his close ties to the royal house, he represented several national missions, including at the inauguration of the German Redemption Church in Jerusalem in 1898.

Bang was Minister of Education and Church Affairs from 1893 to 1895, and a member of the Council of State Division in Stockholm in 1895.[3] Bang was appointed to the Second cabinet of Emil Stang in 1893.[4]

As a researcher Bang was very productive and his writings cover a wide field. Bang wrote several major works in his career, including a notable biography on Hans Nielsen Hauge. The main contribution he made was as a collector of historical information, and he thus made an important contribution to religious folklore research. He was considered a conservative, both as a politician and as a theologian.[5]


Selected worksEdit

  • Juleevangeliet, på nynorsk (1868)
  • Hans Nielsen Hauge og hans samtid. Et Tidsbillede fra omkring aar 1800 (1874)
  • Kirken og Romerstaten indtil Constantin den store (1879)
  • Vøluspaa og de sibyllinske Orakler (1879) Overview of the Historic Argument
  • Julian den frafalne (1881)
  • Udsigt over den norske kirkes historie efter reformationen (1883)
  • Udsigt over den norske kirkes historie under katholicismen (1887)
  • Kirkehistoriske Smaastykker (1890)
  • Den norske kirkes historie i reformationsaarhundredet (1895)
  • Den norske kirkes geistlighed i reformationsaarhundredet (1897)
  • Norske hexeformularer og magiske opskrifter (1901–02)
  • Erindringer, selvbiografi (1909)
  • Den norske kirkes historie (1912)


  1. ^ Anton Christian Bang (From Hersleb to Dahl) Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Hallgeir Elstad. "Anton Christian Bang". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  3. ^ "Det norske statsråd 1814-: III Personer 1814-". Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  4. ^ "Emil Stang's Second Government". Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  5. ^ Dag Thorkildsen. "Anton Christian Bang". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2017.

Other sourcesEdit

  • J. Brochmann: Biskop dr. theol. A.Chr. Bang. Et Livsbillede med Lysstreif over vor Kirkes Udvikling i Fortid og Nutid (1898)
  • G. Grundt: Biskop Bang. Min far (1958)
  • A. M. Smørvik: Biskop Bang som visitator, spesialavhandling i kirkehistorie ved Det teologiske menighetsfakultet (1987)
  • Bang, Bugge, and Rydberg: Völuspá and the Sibylline Oracles

External linksEdit

Religious titles
Preceded by Bishop of Oslo
Succeeded by