Ministry of Education and Research (Norway)

The Royal Ministry of Education and Research (Norwegian: Det kongelige kunnskapsdepartement; short name Kunnskapsdepartementet) is a Norwegian government ministry responsible for education, research, kindergartens and integration. The ministry was established in 1814 as the Royal Ministry of Church and Education Affairs.

Royal Ministry of Education and Research
Det kongelige kunnskapsdepartement
Statslogo.svg
Agency overview
Formed1814; 207 years ago (1814)
JurisdictionGovernment of Norway
HeadquartersOslo
Ministers responsible
Websiteregjeringen.no/kd

The current Minister of Education is Tonje Brenna of the Labour Party and the current Minister of Research and Higher Education is Ola Borten Moe of the Centre Party. The department reports to the legislature (Stortinget).

HistoryEdit

The ministry was established in 1814, following the dissolution of Denmark–Norway, in which the joint central government administration of the two formally separate but closely integrated kingdoms, had been based in Copenhagen. Originally named the Ministry of Church and Education Affairs, the ministry was the first of six government ministries established in 1814, and was also known as the First Ministry. The other ministries were the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Police, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of War.

Norway was in a union with Sweden with a common foreign and defense policy until 1905, however church and educational policy was entirely the domain of each respective national government.

The ministry was previously responsible for church affairs, but this function was transferred to the Ministry of Culture in 2002. Kindergartens were transferred to the ministry in 2006.[1]

OrganisationEdit

DepartmentsEdit

The Ministry of Education and Research consists of seven departments:[2]

  • Department of Integration
  • Department of Schools and Kindergartens
  • Department of Education, Training and Skills Policy
  • Department of Administration and Strategic Priorities
  • Department of Legal Affairs
  • Department of Governance of Higher Education and Research Institutions
  • Department of Higher Education, Research and International Affairs

SubsidiariesEdit

Subordinate agenciesEdit

The following government agencies are subordinate to the ministry:[3]

UniversitiesEdit

Specialised University CollegesEdit

University CollegesEdit

Limited companiesEdit

Ministers of EducationEdit

KeyEdit

  Christian Democratic Party
  Conservative Party
  Agrarian / Centre Party
  Labour Party
  Socialist Left Party
  Liberal Party
  Free-minded Liberal Party
  Independent

Ministers for the 1st Ministry (1814–1819)Edit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet
  Niels Treschow Independent 30 November 1814 15 September 1816 1 year, 290 days Wedel I
  Christian Krogh Independent 15 September 1816 15 September 1817 1 year, 0 days Wedel I
  Niels Treschow Independent 15 September 1817 1 January 1819 1 year, 108 days Wedel I

Ministers of Education and Church Affairs (1819–1884)Edit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet
  Niels Treschow Independent 1 January 1819 15 October 1819 287 days Wedel I
  Jonas Collett Independent 15 October 1819 15 September 1820 336 days Wedel I
  Niels Treschow Independent 15 September 1820 9 July 1822 1 year, 297 days Wedel I
  Poul Christian Holst Independent 9 July 1822 15 April 1823 280 days Wedel I
  Niels Treschow Independent 15 April 1823 28 June 1825 2 years, 74 days Wedel I
  Poul Christian Holst Independent 28 June 1825 16 September 1825 80 days Wedel I
  Christian Adolph Diriks Independent 16 September 1825 10 November 1836 11 years, 55 days Wedel I
  Oluf Borch de Schouboe Independent 10 November 1836 15 December 1836 35 days Wedel II
  Andreas Arntzen Independent 15 December 1836 15 June 1837 182 days Wedel II
  Poul Christian Holst Independent 15 June 1837 15 September 1839 2 years, 92 days Wedel II
  Oluf Borch de Schouboe Independent 15 September 1839 10 October 1840 1 year, 25 days Wedel II
  Poul Christian Holst Independent 10 October 1840 15 September 1843 2 years, 340 days Wedel II
  Oluf Borch de Schouboe Independent 15 September 1843 15 September 1844 1 year, 0 days Wedel II
  Poul Christian Holst Independent 15 September 1844 19 April 1848 3 years, 217 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Hans Riddervold Independent 19 April 1848 15 September 1849 1 year, 149 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Jørgen Herman Vogt Independent 15 September 1849 15 September 1850 1 year, 0 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Hans Riddervold Independent 15 September 1850 7 September 1854 3 years, 357 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Jørgen Herman Vogt Independent 7 September 1854 7 October 1854 30 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Otto Vincent Lange Independent 7 October 1854 15 September 1855 343 days Løvenskiold/Vogt
  Hans Riddervold Independent 15 September 1855 1 July 1872 16 years, 290 days Vogt
  Carl Essendrop Independent 1 July 1872 28 November 1874 2 years, 150 days F. Stang
  Rasmus Tønder Nissen Independent 28 November 1874 15 October 1876 1 year, 322 days F. Stang
  Jens Holmboe Independent 15 October 1876 15 October 1877 1 year, 0 days F. Stang
  Rasmus Tønder Nissen Independent 15 October 1877 11 October 1880 2 years, 362 days F. Stang
  Jens Holmboe Independent 11 November 1880 15 October 1881 338 days Selmer
  Rasmus Tønder Nissen Independent 15 October 1881 19 January 1882 96 days Selmer
  Nils Hertzberg Independent 30 January 1882 21 March 1884 2 years, 51 days Selmer
  Henrik L. Helliesen Independent 21 March 1884 3 April 1884 13 days Selmer
  Nils Hertzberg Independent 3 April 1884 26 June 1884 84 days Schweigaard

Ministers of Education and Church Affairs (1884–1945)Edit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet
  Elias Blix Liberal 26 June 1884 15 August 1885 1 year, 50 days Sverdrup
  Jakob Sverdrup Liberal 15 August 1885 1 November 1886 1 year, 78 days Sverdrup
  Elias Blix Liberal 1 November 1886 24 February 1888 1 year, 115 days Sverdrup
  Jakob Sverdrup Liberal 24 February 1888 13 July 1889 1 year, 139 days Sverdrup
  Jacob Aall Bonnevie Conservative 13 July 1889 6 March 1891 1 year, 236 days Stang I
  Vilhelm Andreas Wexelsen Liberal 6 March 1891 15 July 1892 1 year, 131 days Steen I
  Carl Berner Liberal 15 July 1892 2 May 1893 291 days Steen I
  Anton Christian Bang Conservative 2 May 1893 27 April 1895 1 year, 360 days Stang II
  Emil Stang Conservative 27 April 1895 14 October 1895 170 days Stang II
  Jakob Sverdrup Liberal 14 October 1895 17 February 1898 2 years, 126 days Hagerup I
  Vilhelm Andreas Wexelsen Liberal 17 February 1898 22 October 1903 5 years, 247 days Steen II
Blehr I
  Hans Nilsen Hauge Conservative 22 October 1903 11 March 1905 1 year, 140 days Hagerup II
  Christopher Knudsen Conservative 11 March 1905 27 January 1906 322 days Michelsen
  Otto Jensen Independent 27 January 1906 23 October 1907 1 year, 269 days Michelsen
  Abraham Berge Liberal 23 October 1907 19 March 1908 148 days Løvland
  Karl Seip Liberal 19 March 1908 8 July 1909 1 year, 111 days Knudsen I
  Johannes Hougen Liberal 8 July 1909 2 February 1910 209 days Knudsen I
  Just Qvigstad Conservative 2 February 1910 20 February 1912 2 years, 18 days Konow
  Edvard Liljedahl Free-minded Liberal 20 February 1912 31 January 1913 346 days Bratlie
  Aasulv Bryggesaa Liberal 31 January 1913 26 October 1915 2 years, 296 days Knudsen II
  Jørgen Løvland Liberal 26 October 1915 21 June 1920 4 years, 239 days Knudsen II
  Nils Riddervold Jensen Conservative 21 June 1920 22 June 1921 1 year, 1 day B. Halvorsen I
  Martin Olsen Nalum Liberal 22 June 1921 6 March 1923 1 year, 257 days Blehr II
  Ivar B. Sælen Conservative 6 March 1923 24 November 1923 263 days B. Halvorsen II
Berge
  Karl Sanne Conservative 12 December 1923 25 July 1924 226 days Berge
  Ivar P. Tveiten Liberal 25 July 1924 5 March 1926 1 year, 223 days Mowinckel I
  Wilhelm Christian Magelssen Conservative 5 March 1926 25 December 1927 1 year, 295 days Lykke
  Ole Bærøe Conservative 25 December 1927 28 January 1928 34 days Lykke
  Olav Steinnes Labour 28 January 1928 15 February 1928 18 days Hornsrud
  Sigvald M. Hasund Liberal 15 February 1928 12 May 1931 3 years, 86 days Mowinckel II
  Nils Trædal Agrarian 12 May 1931 3 March 1933 1 year, 295 days Kolstad
Hundseid
  Knut Liestøl Liberal 3 March 1933 20 March 1935 2 years, 17 days Mowinckel III
  Nils Hjelmtveit Labour 20 March 1935 25 June 1945 10 years, 97 days Nygaardsvold

Ministers of Education and Church Affairs (1945–1990)Edit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet
  Kaare Fostervoll Labour 25 June 1945 28 June 1948 3 years, 3 days Gerhardsen I-II
  Lars Moen Labour 28 June 1948 9 December 1953 5 years, 164 days Gerhardsen II
Torp
  Birger Bergersen Labour 9 December 1953 23 April 1960 6 years, 136 days Torp
Gerhardsen III
  Helge Sivertsen Labour 23 April 1960 28 August 1963 3 years, 127 days Gerhardsen III
  Olaf Kortner Liberal 28 August 1963 25 September 1963 28 days Lyng
  Helge Sivertsen Labour 25 September 1963 12 October 1965 2 years, 17 days Gerhardsen IV
  Kjell Bondevik Christian Democratic 12 October 1965 17 March 1971 5 years, 156 days Borten
  Bjartmar Gjerde Labour 17 March 1971 18 October 1972 1 year, 215 days Bratteli I
  Anton Skulberg Centre 18 October 1972 16 October 1973 363 days Korvald
  Bjartmar Gjerde Labour 16 October 1973 15 January 1976 2 years, 91 days Bratteli II
  Kjølv Egeland Labour 15 January 1976 8 October 1979 3 years, 266 days Nordli
  Einar Førde Labour 8 October 1979 14 October 1981 2 years, 6 days Nordli
Brundtland I
  Tore Austad Conservative 14 October 1981 8 June 1983 1 year, 237 days Willoch I
  Kjell Magne Bondevik Christian Democratic 8 June 1983 9 May 1986 2 years, 335 days Willoch II
  Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl Labour 9 May 1986 13 June 1988 2 years, 35 days Brundtland II
  Mary Kvidal Labour 13 June 1988 16 October 1989 1 year, 125 days Brundtland II
  Einar Steensnæs Christian Democratic 16 October 1989 1 January 1990 77 days Syse

Ministers of Education and Research (1990–present)Edit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet Ref
  Einar Steensnæs Christian Democratic 1 January 1990 3 November 1990 306 days Syse [4]
  Gudmund Hernes Labour 3 November 1990 22 December 1995 5 years, 52 days Brundtland III [5]
  Reidar Sandal Labour 22 December 1995 17 October 1997 1 year, 299 days Brundtland III
Jagland
[5]
  Jon Lilletun Christian Democratic 17 October 1997 17 March 2000 2 years, 152 days Bondevik I [6]
  Trond Giske Labour 17 March 2000 19 October 2001 1 year, 216 days Stoltenberg I [7]
  Kristin Clemet Conservative 19 October 2001 17 October 2005 3 years, 363 days Bondevik II [8]
  Øystein Djupedal Socialist Left 17 October 2005 18 October 2007 2 years, 1 day Stoltenberg II [9]
  Bård Vegar Solhjell Socialist Left 18 October 2007 20 October 2009 2 years, 2 days Stoltenberg II [9]
  Kristin Halvorsen Socialist Left 20 October 2009 16 October 2013 3 years, 361 days Stoltenberg II [9]
  Torbjørn Røe Isaksen Conservative 16 October 2013 17 January 2018 4 years, 93 days Solberg [10]
  Jan Tore Sanner Conservative 17 January 2018 24 January 2020 2 years, 7 days Solberg

[11]

  Trine Skei Grande Liberal 24 January 2020 13 March 2020 49 days Solberg [12]
  Guri Melby Liberal 13 March 2020 14 October 2021 1 year, 215 days Solberg [13]
  Tonje Brenna Labour 14 October 2021 present 8 days Støre [14]

Minister of Higher EducationEdit

The Minister of Higher Education is responsible for policies regarding higher education. The post was originally established in 2007, before its responsibilities were transferred to the Ministry of Culture. The post was re-established when the Liberal Party joined the Solberg Cabinet in 2018.

KeyEdit

  Socialist Left Party
  Liberal Party
  Conservative Party
  Centre Party

MinistersEdit

Photo Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet Ref
  Tora Aasland Socialist Left 18 October 2007 23 March 2012 4 years, 157 days Stoltenberg II [9]
  Iselin Nybø Liberal 17 January 2018 24 January 2020 2 years, 7 days Solberg [15]
  Henrik Asheim Conservative 24 January 2020 14 October 2021 1 year, 263 days Solberg [12]
  Ola Borten Moe Centre 14 October 2021 present 8 days Støre [16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Research, Ministry of Education and (7 January 2007). "History – The first Ministry". Government.no. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Departments". Government.no. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Underliggende etater". Ministry of Education and Research (in Norwegian). Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Jens Stoltenberg's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d "Jens Stoltenberg's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Erna Solbergs's Government". Government.no. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  11. ^ "This Is Solberg's New Cabinet". Dagens Næringsliv. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  12. ^ a b "This Is Solberg's Cabinet 4.0". NRK. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Guri Melby (L) New Education Minister and Odd Emil Ingebrigtsen New Fisheries Minister" (in Norwegian). NRK. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Norge har fått ny regjering" (in Norwegian). NRK. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  15. ^ "The Liberals In Government". venstre.no. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Norge har fått ny regjering" (in Norwegian). NRK. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.

External linksEdit