Anshar, also spelled Anšar (Sumerian: 𒀭𒊹 AN.ŠAR₂,[1] Neo-Assyrian: Assyrian cuneiform U1202D MesZL 10.svgAssyrian cuneiform U1212D MesZL 631 or U122B9 MesZL 632 and MesZL 633.svg,[2] meaning "whole heaven"), was a primordial god in the Babylonian creation myth Enuma Elish. His consort is Kishar which means "Whole Earth".[3] They were the children of Lahamu and Lahmu and the grandchildren of Tiamat and Apsû. They, in turn, are the parents of Anu, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons.[4]

ParentsLahamu and Lahmu
Consortsister Kishar

During the Neo-Assyrian period, Anshar was often equated with Ashur, the patron deity and namesake of the Assyrian Empire.


  1. ^ "Sumerian dictionary".
  2. ^ For example in the Rassam cylinder of Ashurbanipal
  3. ^ Sasson, Jack M. (1995). Civilizations of the ancient Near East (Volume 3 ed.). Scribner. p. 1830. ISBN 978-0684192796.
  4. ^ Luzacs Semitic Text and Translation Series (PDF) (Vol. XII ed.).

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