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The Animals in War Memorial is a war memorial, in Hyde Park, London, commemorating the countless animals that have served and died under British military command throughout history. It was designed by English sculptor David Backhouse and unveiled in November 2004 by Anne, Princess Royal.[1]

Animals in War Memorial
Westminster City Council
The Animals in War Memorial as seen from the adjacent road.
For all the animals that served and died alongside British and allied forces in wars and campaigns throughout time
Unveiled24 December 2004; 14 years ago (2004-12-24)
Location51°30′40″N 0°09′26″W / 51.51111°N 0.15722°W / 51.51111; -0.15722Coordinates: 51°30′40″N 0°09′26″W / 51.51111°N 0.15722°W / 51.51111; -0.15722
Designed byDavid Backhouse
They had no choice
Statistics source: http://www.animalsinwar.org.uk/

HistoryEdit

The memorial was inspired by Jilly Cooper's book Animals in War, and was made possible by a specially created fund of £1.4 million from public donations of which Cooper was a co-trustee.[2] The memorial consists of a 55 ft by 58 ft (16.8 m by 17.7 m) curved Portland stone wall: the symbolic arena of war,[3] emblazoned with images of various struggling animals, along with two heavily laden bronze mules progressing up the stairs of the monument, and a bronze horse and bronze dog beyond it looking into the distance. The horse was modelled on a retired Charger from The King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery called Ben Bragg.

Located on Park Lane, at the junction with Upper Brook Street, on the eastern edge of the park, The Animals in War Memorial was officially opened on 24 November 2004 by Anne, Princess Royal.

In May 2013 it was one of two London war memorials vandalised on the same night. The word "Islam" was spray-painted on it causing £2,766 in damage, and the nearby RAF Bomber Command Memorial suffered £6,500 in damage.[4] A 31-year-old man later admitted to vandalising the memorials and was charged for a total of 94 vandalism and destruction of property offences carried out over several weeks against homes, cars, memorials and a church, causing over £50,000 in damage.[5]

InscriptionsEdit

The inscriptions are in various fonts and sizes and are all uppercase. Other than the featured messages, there are several inscriptions on the rear or outside, and on the inner edges of the wings (in the gap), attributing the creators and funders.

On the face of the right wing when viewed from the front or inside
Main heading; the largest and heaviest cut inscription
Animals in War
Directly beneath the main heading
This monument is dedicated to all the animals
that served and died alongside British and allied forces
in wars and campaigns throughout time
Beneath and to the right of the main heading
They had no choice
On the face of the left wing when viewed from the rear or outside (on the reverse of the main heading)
Many
and various
animals were employed
to support British and Allied Forces
in wars and campaigns over the centuries
and as a result millions died · From the pigeon to the
elephant they all played a vital role in every region of the world
in the cause of human freedom · Their contribution must never be forgotten

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Somerset sculptor designs Animals in War memorial", BBC, 25/11/04
  2. ^ IndieLondon, Animals in War Memorial, retrieved 2008-01-27
  3. ^ IndieLondon, Animals in War Memorial, retrieved 2008-01-27
  4. ^ "Vandals deface war memorials in London parks". BBC News. 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  5. ^ Robson, Steve (30 April 2014). "Vandal admits painting 'Islam' on war memorial days after murder of Lee Rigby". mirror.

External linksEdit