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Andrew Yan-Tak Ng (Chinese: 吳恩達; born 1976) is a Chinese American computer scientist. He is the former chief scientist at Baidu, where he led the company's Artificial Intelligence Group. He is an adjunct professor (formerly associate professor) at Stanford University. Ng is also the co-founder and chairman of Coursera, an online education platform.[2]

Andrew Ng
Andrew Ng WSJ.jpg
Native name 吳恩達 (traditional)
吴恩达 (simplified)
ng4 jan1 daat6(jyutping)
Wú Ēndá (pinyin)
Born Andrew Yan-Tak Ng
1976 (age 41–42)[1]
United Kingdom[1]
Residence United States
Alma mater Carnegie Mellon University,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
University of California, Berkeley
Known for Deep Learning, MOOC
Spouse(s) Carol E.Reiley
Awards IJCAI Computers and Thought Award (2009)
Website Stanford University - Andrew Ng
Scientific career
Fields Artificial intelligence
Institutions Co-founder of Coursera
Baidu Research
Stanford University
Thesis Shaping and Policy Search in Reinforcement Learning (2003)
Doctoral advisor Michael I. Jordan



Ng was born in the UK in 1976. His parents were both from Hong Kong. He spent time in Hong Kong and Singapore[1] and later graduated from Raffles Institution in Singapore in 1992. In 1997, he received his undergraduate degree in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Ng earned his master's degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1998 and received his PhD from University of California, Berkeley in 2002. He started working at Stanford University during that year and currently lives in Palo Alto, California. He married Carol E. Reiley in 2014.[3]


Andrew was a professor at Stanford University Department of Computer Science and Department of Electrical Engineering. He became Director of the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab where he taught students and undertook research related to data mining and machine learning. From 2011 to 2012, he worked at Google, where he founded and led the Google Brain Deep Learning Project. In 2012, he co-founded Coursera to offer free online courses for everyone after over 100,000 students registered for Ng's popular course.[4] Today, several million people have taken the online course. In 2014, he joined[5] Baidu as Chief Scientist, and carried out research related to big data and A.I. In March 2017, he announced his resignation from Baidu.[6]

He soon afterwards launched,[7] an online curriculum of classes. Then Ng launched, bringing AI to manufacturing factories, announcing a partnership with FoxConn.[8]

In 2018, Ng unveiled the AI Fund,[9] raising $175 million to invest in new startups. He is also the chairman of Woebot and on the board of[10][11]


Ng researches primarily in machine learning and deep learning. His early work includes the Stanford Autonomous Helicopter project, which developed one of the most capable autonomous helicopters in the world,[12][13] and the STAIR (STanford Artificial Intelligence Robot) project,[14] which resulted in ROS, a widely used open-source robotics software platform.

In 2011, Ng founded the Google Brain project at Google, which developed very large scale artificial neural networks using Google's distributed computer infrastructure.[15] Among its notable results was a neural network trained using deep learning algorithms on 16,000 CPU cores, that learned to recognize higher-level concepts, such as cats, after watching only YouTube videos, and without ever having been told what a "cat" is.[16][17] The project's technology is currently also used in the Android Operating System's speech recognition system.[18]

He together with David M. Blei and Michael I. Jordan, coauthored the influential paper that introduced Latent Dirichlet allocation.[19]

Online educationEdit

External audio
  Interview with Coursera Co-Founder Andrew Ng, Degree of Freedom[20]

Ng started the Stanford Engineering Everywhere (SEE) program, which in 2008 placed a number of Stanford courses online, for free. Ng taught one of these courses, Machine Learning, which consisted of video lectures by him, along with the student materials used in the Stanford CS229 class.

The "applied" version of the Stanford class (CS229a) was hosted on and started in October 2011, with over 100,000 students registered for its first iteration; the course featured quizzes and graded programming assignments and became one of the first successful MOOCs made by Stanford professors.[21] His work subsequently led to the founding of Coursera in 2012.

Publications and awardsEdit

Ng is also the author or co-author of over 100 published papers in machine learning, robotics, and related fields. His work in computer vision and deep learning has been frequently featured in press releases and reviews.[22] In 2008, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR35 as one of the top 35 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[23][24] Ng was awarded a Sloan Fellowship (2007). For his work in artificial intelligence, he is also a recipient of the Computers and Thought Award (2009). In 2013 at the age of 37, he was named one of Times 100 Most Influential People[25] and Fortune's 40 under 40.[26]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Seligman, Katherine (3 December 2006). "If Andrew Ng could just get his robot to assemble an Ikea bookshelf, we'd all buy one". SFGate. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Andrew Ng - Stanford University | Coursera". Coursera. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 
  3. ^ "Inside The Mind That Built Google Brain: On Life, Creativity, And Failure". The Huffington Post. 2015-05-13. Retrieved 2015-12-19. 
  4. ^ Friedman, Thomas L. (2012-05-15). "Opinion | Come the Revolution". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  5. ^ Gannes, Liz (2014-05-16). "Baidu Hires Coursera Founder Andrew Ng to Start Massive Research Lab". Recode. Retrieved 2017-08-29. 
  6. ^ "Opening a new chapter of my work in AI". 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ Ng, Andrew (2017-08-08). " Announcing new Deep Learning courses on Coursera". Medium. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  8. ^ Ng, Andrew (2017-12-14). "Revitalizing manufacturing through AI". Andrew Ng. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  9. ^ "Andrew Ng unveils the AI Fund, with $175 million to back new startups | VentureBeat". Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  10. ^ "Woebot names AI pioneer Andrew Ng as chairman to work on mental health | VentureBeat". Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  11. ^ Ohnsman, Alan. "Robot Car Tech Startup Raises $50 Million, Adds Stanford's Ng To Board". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  12. ^ "From Self-Flying Helicopters to Classrooms of the Future". Chronicle of Higher Education. 2012. 
  13. ^ "Stanford Autonomous Helicopter Project". 
  14. ^ John Markoff (18 July 2006). "Brainy Robots Start Stepping Into Daily Life". New York Times. 
  15. ^ Claire Miller and Nick Bilton (3 November 2011). "Google's Lab of Wildest Dreams". New York Times. 
  16. ^ John Markoff (25 June 2012). "How Many Computers to Identify a Cat? 16,000". New York Times. 
  17. ^ Ng, Andrew; Dean, Jeff (2012). "Building High-level Features Using Large Scale Unsupervised Learning". arXiv:1112.6209 . 
  18. ^ "Speech Recognition and Deep Learning". Google Research Blog. Google. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  19. ^ David M. Blei, Andrew Y. Ng, Michael I. Jordan. Latent Dirichlet allocation. The Journal of Machine Learning Research, Volume 3, 3/1/2003, which is one of the two papers that independently discovered Latent Dirichlet allocation
  20. ^ "Interview with Coursera Co-Founder Andrew Ng". Degree of Freedom. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  21. ^ Theresa Johnson. "Stanford for All". Stanford Magazine. 
  22. ^ New algorithm improves robot vision
  23. ^ "2008 Young Innovators Under 35". Technology Review. 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  24. ^ Technology Review: TR35
  25. ^ Emanuel, Ezekiel. "The 2013 TIME 100". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 
  26. ^ "Fortune's 40 under 40 -- The hottest young stars in business". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-02-19. 

External linksEdit