And No Quarter
And No Quarter is an historical novel written by Irish author Maurice Walsh, first published in 1937. The background is the 1644-1645 campaigns in Scotland, led by the Royalist general Montrose which formed part of the wider 1639-1651 Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
|Publisher||W & R Chambers|
|Media type||Print (Hardback)|
|Preceded by||Green Rushes|
|Followed by||Sons of the Swordmaker|
The title is based on the battlecry 'Jesus and no quarter' allegedly used by Scottish Presbyterians or Covenanters at the 1644 Battle of Tippermuir. Walsh originally wanted to use the full slogan of 'Jesus and No Quarter,' but was persuaded otherwise by his wife and publishers.
The novel is set during the 1644-1645 Royalist campaigns in Scotland led by Montrose against the Covenanter government. The protagonist and first person narrator is Martin Somers, 'Englishman and Adjutant of Women' (or surgeon) in Manus O'Cahan's Regiment, who is accompanied by his foster-brother Tadg Mor O'Kavanagh. The regiment forms part of an Irish contingent led by Alasdair Mac Colla, within a Scots-Irish army.
The story opens just before the battle of Tippermuir in September 1644, then follows it through the Royalist victories of Aberdeen, Auldearn and Kilsyth, ending with defeat at Philiphaugh in September 1645. In the course of the campaign, Somers and his foster-brother rescue two women, the first being Meg Anderson, whom they rescue from the stocks during the sack of Aberdeen that followed the battle. The second is Isaebal Rose, who takes refuge with them in order to escape an unwanted marriage.
Both women are attracted to Somers, but Meg is killed with other Irish camp followers by Covenanter cavalry prior to Kilsyth; after the Royalist defeat at Philiphaugh, Somers and Tadg Mor rescue Isaebal from her fiancee and return to Ireland. The novel closes with the three living in the US state of Virginia, where they have settled after leaving Ireland following the defeat of James II in 1691. Walsh worked in Scotland for many years; his local knowledge is put to good use, while his descriptions of the battles and events leading up to them are historically accurate, although he understates the reality of the campaign.
The bitterness of the conflict in both Ireland and Scotland was reflected in the Covenanter approach to their prisoners but the depredations of Montrose's army were remembered centuries later. Aberdeen was then and remained a stronghold of Royalist support but the three day sack that followed the battle referenced in the novel had serious consequences for Montrose's ability to recruit. Estimates of deaths vary from 50-170; referring to the later claim Irish troops forced people to remove their clothes before killing them, Somers records only that he 'never saw any stripped and dirked bodies.' Despite this, the historical details are generally accurate and the novel a well-balanced evocation of the time and place.
Historical background and themesEdit
While remembered today primarily for the film made from his short story 'The Quiet Man,' in the 1930s and 1940s, Walsh was perhaps Ireland's best selling popular author whose admirers allegedly included Ernest Hemingway. Like the earlier 'Blackcock's Feather,' set in the 1594-1603 Nine Years War, the novel covers a less well-known period and perspective ie the Irish Brigade in Montrose's campaigns.
Walsh was writing in the aftermath of the 1922-1923 Civil War that followed the establishment of the Free State, fought with particular bitterness in his home county of Kerry. This included the war's most notorious atrocity at Ballyseedy, when nine Anti-Treaty prisoners were tied to a landmine, which was then detonated, killing eight.
Walsh appeals to the idea both of a united Gaeldom by setting the story within Montrose's combined Scottish-Irish army and a united Ireland; the hero Martin Somers an Englishman and member of the Protestant Church of Ireland, which in 2016 still had over 126,400 members in Eire. Somers also refers to his 'American mother,' which may be a reference to the half-American Éamon de Valera who became Prime Minister in 1932.
- "New Maurice Walsh Novel" (1937) Ireland To-Day, volume 2, issues 7-12, page 86 Google Books
- Matheson, Steve (1985). Maurice Walsh, storyteller. Brandon / Mount Eagle Publications Ltd. p. 84. ISBN 0863220622.
- "The Battle and Sack of Aberdeen 1644". BCW Project; British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638-1651. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- Hopkinson, Michael (1990). Green Against Green. Gill Macmillan. p. 241. ISBN 0717116301.
- Census 2016 Results.