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Anchuthengu ("Five Coconut Palms"), formerly known as Anjengo or Anjenga,[1] is a coastal town in the Thiruvananthapuram District of Kerala.

Anchuthengu
Anjengo
Anchuthengu is located in Kerala
Anchuthengu
Location in Kerala, India
LocationTrivandrum, India
Coordinates8°29′00″N 76°55′00″E / 8.4833°N 76.9167°E / 8.4833; 76.9167Coordinates: 8°29′00″N 76°55′00″E / 8.4833°N 76.9167°E / 8.4833; 76.9167
ArchitectPortuguese
Architectural style(s)Portugal
TypeCultural
State Party India
Anjengo Beach

The town contains old Portuguese-style churches, a lighthouse, a 100-year-old convent and school, tombs of Dutch and British sailors and soldiers, and the remains of the Anchuthengu Fort. Kaikara village, the birthplace of the famous Malayalam poet Kumaran Asan, is located nearby. Temples in the area are Sree Bala Subrahmanya Swami Kshethram and Parambil Sree Bhadrakali Yogeeshwara Kshethram.

Anchuthengu is about 36 kilometers (22 mi) north of Thiruvananthapuram. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport. Kadakkavur Railway Station is 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) away.

HistoryEdit

Anjengo is located in an oxbow at the mouth of Parvathy Puthanaar canal.[2] Originally, it was an old Portuguese settlement between Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram, and near Varkala.[3]

In 1694, the Queen of Attingal granted the British East India Company (EIC) the right to establish a factory and a fort at Anjengo, which became the Company's first trade settlement in Kerala. The Anjengo Fort was erected in 1694-8.[1] Because of its location, tt was an occasional port of call for East Indiamen. There they might leave or get news warning shipping of war in India or Europe.

In 1744 Anjengo was the birthplace of Eliza Draper who would become a muse and correspondent of Laurence Sterne.[4] The fort played an important role in the Anglo-Mysore Wars of the 18th century[citation needed] but, by the 19th century, the fort was considered an unnecessary expense. The EIC abandoned it, and the factory, in 1813.[1]

In the 19th century, the town remained known for its excellent ropes (manufactured from the local palms) and also exported pepper, homespun cotton cloth, and drugs.[1]

 
View of Anjuthengu from the light house

Citations and referencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d EB (1878).
  2. ^ "Parvathy Puthanar canal to get a new lease of life - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Anchuthengu and Anjengo Fort, Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India | Kerala Tourism". www.keralatourism.org. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  4. ^ Sterne, Laurence (1713–1768), writer and Church of England clergyman | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26412.
References

External linksEdit