Anchuthengu ("Five Coconut Palms"), formerly known as Anjengo or Anjenga, is a coastal panchayath and town in the Thiruvananthapuram District of Kerala. It is situated 9km south-west of Varkala Town along Trivandrum - Varkala - Kollam coastal highway.
|Architectural style(s)||Portugal, England|
The town contains old Portuguese-style churches, a lighthouse, a 100-year-old convent and school, tombs of Dutch and British sailors and soldiers, and the remains of the Anchuthengu Fort. Kaikara village, the birthplace of the famous Malayalam poet Kumaran Asan, is located nearby. Temples in the area are Sree Bala Subrahmanya Swami Kshethram and Parambil Sree Bhadrakali Yogeeshwara Kshethram.
In 1694, the Queen of Attingal granted the British East India Company (EIC) the right to establish a factory and a fort at Anjengo, which became the Company's first trade settlement in Kerala. The Anjengo Fort was erected in 1694-8. Because of its location, it was an occasional port of call for East Indiamen. There they might leave or get news warning shipping of war in India or Europe.
In 1744 Anjengo was the birthplace of Eliza Draper who would become a muse and correspondent of Laurence Sterne. The fort played an important role in the Anglo-Mysore Wars of the 18th century but, by the 19th century, the fort was considered an unnecessary expense. The EIC abandoned it, and the factory, in 1813.
- EB (1878). sfnp error: no target: CITEREFEB1878 (help)
- "Parvathy Puthanar canal to get a new lease of life - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Anchuthengu and Anjengo Fort, Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India | Kerala Tourism". www.keralatourism.org. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Sterne, Laurence (1713–1768), writer and Church of England clergyman". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26412.
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