The Amstel (Dutch: [ˈɑmstəl] (About this soundlisten)) is a river in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. It flows from the Aarkanaal and Drecht in Nieuwveen northwards, passing Uithoorn, Amstelveen, and Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, to the IJ in Amsterdam. Annually, the river is the location of the Liberation Day concert, Head of the River Amstel rowing match, and the Amsterdam Gay Pride boat parade.

Amstel
Amsterdam Amstel 12.jpg
The Amstel in city center of Amsterdam with the Stopera (center) and Hermitage (right)
Location Amstel with Drechtkanaal.PNG
Location of the Amstel in dark blue
Location
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland, South Holland, Utrecht
Water boardAmstel, Gooi en Vecht
MunicipalitiesNieuwkoop, Uithoorn, De Ronde Venen, Amstelveen, Ouder-Amstel, Amsterdam
Physical characteristics
SourceAarkanaal / Drecht
 • locationNieuwveen, South Holland
 • coordinates52°12′24″N 4°44′05″E / 52.20667°N 4.73472°E / 52.20667; 4.73472
MouthIJ
 • location
Amsterdam, North Holland
 • coordinates
52°22′08″N 4°53′33″E / 52.36889°N 4.89250°E / 52.36889; 4.89250Coordinates: 52°22′08″N 4°53′33″E / 52.36889°N 4.89250°E / 52.36889; 4.89250
Length31 km (19 mi)

EtymologyEdit

 
Detail of a document with the name "Giselberto de Amestelle" or Gijsbert van Amstel from 1189

The name Amstel is derived from Amestelle, which is a compound of the words aam meaning water and stelle meaning solid, high, and dry ground. In the 12th century, the name was used for the area or gouw that is closed in by the rivers Amstel and Bullewijk and the bay IJ. The river Amstel was named after this area.[1]

The names of the settlements Amstelhoek (Amstel Bend),[2] Amsterdam (Amstel Dam),[1] Nes aan de Amstel (Headland upon Amstel),[3] and Ouderkerk aan de Amstel (Old Church upon Amstel)[4] on the banks of the Amstel were derived from the river's name.

CourseEdit

SourceEdit

The Amstel begins where the canal Aarkanaal and the river Drecht meet, just north of the village Nieuwveen in the province of South Holland. Here the river forms the border between the provinces of South Holland and North Holland and flows in northeastern direction.

AmstellandEdit

 
Amstel near Nes aan de Amstel, between Uithoorn and Amstelveen

The Amstel passes the hamlet Vrouwenakker and is then joined by the tributary river Kromme Mijdrecht. On the northern bank is the town Uithoorn and on the southern bank is the village Amstelhoek. Here the river forms the border between the provinces of Utrecht and North Holland.

Further on, the river is joined by the tributary river Oude Waver. From here onwards, the river flows northward through the province of North Holland. The Amstel passes the village Nes aan de Amstel.

On the western bank is the town Amstelveen, where there is a small island in the river named Amsteleiland, and on the eastern bank the town of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, where the river is joined by the tributary river Bullewijk. After this the Amstel flows into the city of Amsterdam.

AmsterdamEdit

 
Amstel near the Rembrandt Tower in Amsterdam

In Amsterdam, the canals Duivendrechtsevaart and Weespertrekvaart are tributaries to the Amstel. There are several historical bridges crossing the river, among which are the Berlagebrug, Magere Brug, and Blauwbrug.

In the city center, the river is connected to several city canals, which are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Amstel Hotel, Royal Theater Carré, Hermitage Amsterdam, city hall in the Stopera, and Allard Pierson Museum are located on the eastern bank of the river.

The river is interrupted at Rokin that is partly filled up, Dam Square, and Damrak that is partly filled up.

MouthEdit

The original course continues with Damrak, after which it passes Stationseiland, an artificial island with Amsterdam Centraal station, and flows into the former bay IJ.

Cultural eventsEdit

A nationally televised concert is held on the river every year on Liberation Day. The rowing races Head of the River Amstel and Heineken Roeivierkamp are held on the river annually. The river also forms part of the route of the Canal Parade, Amsterdam's annual floating gay pride parade.

The Amstel in artEdit

 
17th-century drawing of the river Amstel by Rembrandt

The river has been depicted by many artists, including:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b G. van Berkel & K. Samplonius, "Amsterdam (Amsterdam, NH)" (in Dutch), Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard, 2018. Retrieved on 10 October 2020.
  2. ^ G. van Berkel & K. Samplonius, "Amstelhoek (De Ronde Venen, U)" (in Dutch), Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard, 2018. Retrieved on 23 October 2020.
  3. ^ G. van Berkel & K. Samplonius, "Nes aan de Amstel (Amstelveen, NH)" (in Dutch), Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard, 2018. Retrieved on 23 October 2020.
  4. ^ G. van Berkel & K. Samplonius, "Ouderkerk aan de Amstel (Amstelveen, NH)" (in Dutch), Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard, 2018. Retrieved on 23 October 2020.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Amstel at Wikimedia Commons