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The Amstel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑmstəl]) is a river in the Netherlands which flows from Nieuwveen to Amsterdam, where it meets the IJ bay. The city of Amsterdam took its name from the river.

Amstel
Amsterdam 21.jpg
The Amstel in Amsterdam
Location Amstel with Drechtkanaal.PNG
Location of the Amstel in dark blue
Location
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Physical characteristics
SourceAarkanaal
 ⁃ locationNieuwveen, South Holland
 ⁃ coordinates52°12′24″N 4°44′05″E / 52.20667°N 4.73472°E / 52.20667; 4.73472
MouthIJ
 ⁃ location
Amsterdam, North Holland
 ⁃ coordinates
52°22′08″N 4°53′33″E / 52.36889°N 4.89250°E / 52.36889; 4.89250Coordinates: 52°22′08″N 4°53′33″E / 52.36889°N 4.89250°E / 52.36889; 4.89250
Length31 km (19 mi)

The well-known Magere Brug ("Skinny Bridge") in Amsterdam crosses the river, as do the Blauwbrug, Hogesluis [nl] and Berlagebrug [nl]. The Stopera city hall and opera house and Carré Theatre are both located on the banks of the river. A nationally televised concert is held on the river every year on Liberation Day. The rowing races Head of the River Amstel and Heineken Roeivierkamp are held on the river annually. The river also forms part of the route of the Canal Parade, Amsterdam's annual floating gay pride parade.

Amstel Brewery is named after the river. The Amstel brewery, as many other breweries, was situated close to the Amstel river because river water was used to produce the beer.

The river's name is derived from Aeme-stelle, old Dutch for "water-area",[1] namely, an area abounding with water.[2][3]

GeographyEdit

 
Amstel near Nes aan de Amstel, between Uithoorn and Amstelveen

The river originally began where two smaller rivers, the Drecht and Kromme Mijdrecht, joined together, a little south of Uithoorn. After the construction of a canal, the Amstel-Drecht Kanaal, the river (including the canal) now begins where the Drecht and another canal, the Aarkanaal, meet one another, near the town of Nieuwveen. Tributary rivers are the Kromme Mijdrecht, Bullewijk and Waver.

The river's outlet is in Amsterdam, where it meets the IJ bay. However, during 1936 the last part of the river (called Rokin) was filled in, so the river now ends near Muntplein square, although it remains connected to the bay through subterranean pipes.

The river contains only one island: Amsteleiland (Amstel Island), at 52°17′15″N 4°53′15″E / 52.28750°N 4.88750°E / 52.28750; 4.88750. The only road leading to it belongs to the village of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, but the island itself is part of the municipality of Amstelveen. It has an area of about 0.05 km².

Places named after the riverEdit

Amsterdam took its name from the river. The city developed from a small fishing village named Amstelredam, built during the 13th century alongside a dam at the mouth of the river. The hamlet developed into the small town Amsteldam, which later became Amsterdam.

The area through which the river passes is known as the Amstelland. The city and municipality of Amstelveen, the municipality of Ouder-Amstel, the towns of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel and Nes aan de Amstel are all named for the river as well. Amsterdam has a street named Amstel (along the river), a square named Amstelveld and a train station named Amsterdam Amstel.

In the former Dutch colonies in North America, a town was captured from the Swedes in 1655 and renamed Nieuw-Amstel ("New Amstel"). It is now known as New Castle, Delaware.

The Amstel in artEdit

The river has been depicted by many artists, including:

GalleryEdit

 
The Amstel river in Amsterdam, panoramic view showing the Stopera and Blauwbrug (left) and Amstelhof (right), which houses the Hermitage Amsterdam museum

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Navorscher. J.C. Loman, Jr. 1885. p. 93. stelle = (wijk-)plaats ['neighborhood-place']
  2. ^ What you need to know about the Amstel river on The Culture Trip
  3. ^ Amstel River Countryside on I amsterdam

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Amstel at Wikimedia Commons