Amsterdam Centraal station (Dutch: Station Amsterdam Centraal [staːˈʃɔn ˌɑmstərˈdɑm sɛnˈtraːl]; abbreviation: Asd) is the largest railway station in Amsterdam, North Holland, the Netherlands. A major international railway hub, it is used by 192,000 passengers a day, making it the second busiest railway station in the country after Utrecht Centraal and the most visited Rijksmonument of the Netherlands.
National and international railway services at Amsterdam Centraal are provided by NS(Nederlandse Spoorwegen), the principal rail operator in the Netherlands. Amsterdam Centraal is the northern terminus of Amsterdam Metro routes 51, 53, 54, and stop for 52 operated by municipal public transport operator GVB. It is also served by a number of GVB tram and ferry routes as well as local and regional bus routes operated by GVB, Connexxion and EBS.
Amsterdam Centraal was designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers and opened in 1889. It features a Gothic, Renaissance Revival station building and a cast iron platform roof spanning approximately 40 metres.
Since 1997, the station building, underground passages, metro station, and the surrounding area have been undergoing major reconstruction and renovation works to accommodate the North-South Line metro route, which was opened on 22 July 2018. Amsterdam Centraal has the second longest railway platform in the Netherlands with a length of 695 metres. Due to the length, each platform may serve two trains, while one embarks from side "a" of a platform and the other, from side "b".
Amsterdam Centraal was designed by Pierre Cuypers, who is also known for his design of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. While Cuypers was the principal architect, it is believed that he focused mostly on the decoration of the station building and left the structural design to railway engineers. The station was built by contractor Philipp Holzmann. The new central station replaced Amsterdam Willemspoort Station, which had closed in 1878, as well as the temporary Westerdok Station used from 1878 to 1889. The idea for a central station came from Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, then the Netherlands Minister of the Interior and responsible for the national railways, who, in 1884, laid two proposals before the Amsterdam municipal council. In the first proposal, the station would be situated between the Leidseplein and the Amstel river. In the other, it would be built in the open harbour front allowing for the station to be connected to the existing main lines in the area to the west and the south, but also to a projected new northern line.
Cuypers' design of the station building in many ways strongly resembled his other architectural masterpiece, the Rijksmuseum, of which the construction had begun in 1876. It features a palace-like, Gothic/Renaissance Revival facade, with two turrets and many ornamental details and stone reliefs referring to the capital city's industrial and commercial importance. Cuypers' station reflects the romantic nationalistic mood in the late nineteenth-century Netherlands, with its many decorative elements glorifying the nation's economic and colonial power at the time.
As with the Rijksmuseum, the station's overall architecture reminded many contemporaries of medieval cathedrals. For that reason, as well as for the fact that it became increasingly clear that the national government wanted the station to be built at the city's waterfront effectively separating the city from the IJ lake, the plan was highly controversial. In his book on the history of city, Amsterdam historian Geert Mak writes that:
Almost all of Amsterdam's own experts and others involved thought this to be a catastrophic plan, 'the most disgusting possible attack on the beauty and glory of the capital'. Nevertheless, the building of the Central Station in front of the open harbour was forced through by the railway department of the Ministry of Transport in The Hague, and the Home Secretary, Thorbecke. Finally, the plan made its way through the Amsterdam municipal council by a narrow majority.
Construction works started in 1882. The station is built on three interconnected artificial islands in the IJ lake. These islands were created with sand taken from the dunes near Velsen, which had become available as a result of the excavation of the North Sea Canal. The islands together are known as Stationseiland (Station Island). Like many other structures in Amsterdam, the station was built on wooden piles (8,687 pieces). The construction of the station was delayed because of the instability of the soil, which set back the completion of the work by several years. The station building was completed in 1884, but the commission to Cuypers did not include the roofwork of the platforms. Therefore, the station did not yet feature its distinctive station roof. This roof, consisting of 50 curved trusses and a span of almost 45 meters (147 ft 8 in), was designed by L.J. Eijmer, a civil engineer with the private railroad company Staatsspoorwegen. The roof was manufactured by Andrew Handyside and Company of Derby, England. Cuypers did design the decorations for the trusses and the gable ends. On 15 October 1889, the station was officially opened, drawing large numbers of crowds. The visitors were charged 0.25 guilders to see the station; in the first two days after the opening, several dozens of thousands paid. The opening of the central station marked the city's transition from a waterfront city to an inland city, spurring further redevelopment activities in the city centre which included the realignment of streets and the filling up of canals. The waterways would soon be replaced by tramways and cars as the primary modes of transport in the city.
In 1920, the East Wing of the station (the lower end of the building) was demolished and replaced by "The East", a postal service building designed by Cuypers' son Joseph. A second, narrower and longer but similar roof on the north side of the station was completed in 1922.
Early expansions and modernization edit
In the 1950s, a pedestrian tunnel was created between the station and the road in front of it, which terminated inside the station. With the construction of the metro tunnel in the late 1970s, both the pedestrian tunnel and the road in front of the station disappeared. In the early 1980s, the central hall and middle tunnel were considerably widened and modernized. In the 1990s, a new signaling post was built on the western side of the station. In addition, the number of tracks on that side was expanded in order to increase capacity in the direction of Sloterdijk station. In 1996, a third, 'centre roof' designed by Jan Garvelink, architect at Holland Rail Consult, was built between the two existing roofs, whereby all platforms at the station were now covered.
Later reform and expansion edit
Since 1997, the station has been continuously undergoing reconstruction works because of the development of the North-South Line of the Amsterdam Metro, which was originally planned to be completed in 2014. Due to several setbacks, some at the Amsterdam Centraal building site, the line was fully completed in 2018. Construction works at the station include a renovation of the station building, including the reconstruction of original station features which had disappeared over the years, a redevelopment of the Stationsplein (Station Square), and a new bus station on the north side of the station. In 2000, the new western passenger tunnel opened replacing the main tunnel in the centre of the station which was shut down enabling the construction of the new metro line. In 2004, platforms 10-15 were extended to accommodate international high-speed rail services. Construction works for the bus station commenced in 2003, opened in 2009 and finished in 2014. It includes the construction of a fourth station roof and a station hall with space for shops and restaurants. It replaces 5 small bus stations and several isolated bus stops across the Station Island. With all buses eventually moving to the new bus station on the north side, the Station Island should only be accessible to pedestrians, cyclists and trams.
The three passenger tunnels underneath the station were upgraded and provided with convenience stores and kiosks. In addition, two new passageways were created enabling the hosting of larger retail stores, geared towards passengers who have more time to spend at the station.
On 4 February 2020, the Minister of Infrastructure and Water Management, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, and the UK Transport Secretary, Grant Shapps, announced that juxtaposed controls would be established in the station. According to the announcement, starting from 30 April 2020, Eurostar passengers travelling to the UK would clear exit checks from the Schengen Area as well as UK entry checks (conducted by the UK Border Force) in the station before boarding their train (without having to disembark at Brussels-South station, go through the juxtaposed controls there, and re-board the train before continuing their journey to the UK). However, the launch was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The inauguration of juxtaposed controls in the station subsequently took place on 26 October 2020.
From 2017 there will be further reconstruction works at the station. A number of platforms will be widened making use of the tracks which do not currently have platforms. This means that alterations will be made in the tunnels under the platforms again. Furthermore, the eastern tunnel will be made wider, based on the example of the middle tunnel. The old railway bridges to the east of the station will also be replaced.
Railway services edit
Amsterdam Centraal is a terminus station on many historical railway lines in the Netherlands: the Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway (1839), also known as the Oude Lijn, via Haarlem, Leiden and The Hague (Den Haag); the Den Helder–Amsterdam railway (1865), also known as the Staatslijn K, from Den Helder to Amsterdam via Alkmaar and Uitgeest; the Amsterdam-Zutphen railway (1874), also known as the Oosterspoorweg, via Hilversum, Amersfoort and Apeldoorn; the Amsterdam-Elten railway (1856), also known as the Rhijnspoorweg, via Utrecht and Arnhem; and the Amsterdam-Schiphol railway (1986), also known as the Westtak Ringspoorbaan.
As of December 2014, Amsterdam Centraal is served by 8 international rail routes and 22 national rail routes.
International rail edit
|Nightjet 40490||NS, ÖBB||Amsterdam Centraal||Utrecht - 's-Hertogenbosch - Bonn Hbf - Koblenz Hbf - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt (Main) Süd Bahnhof - Nürnberg Hbf - Passau Hbf - Linz/Donau Hbf - Wels Hbf - St. Pölten Hbf - Wien Meidling||Wien Hbf||1/day||NJ|
|Nightjet 420||NS, ÖBB||Amsterdam Centraal||Utrecht - 's-Hertogenbosch - Bonn Hbf - Koblenz Hbf - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt (Main) Süd Bahnhof - Nürnberg Hbf - Augsburg Hbf - München Hbf - Rosenheim Bahnhof - Kufstein Bahnhof - Wörgl Hbf - Jenbach Bahnhof||Innsbruck Hbf||1/day||NJ|
|Intercity-Express 100||NS, DB||Amsterdam Centraal||Utrecht - Arnhem - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Cologne - Sieburg/Bonn - Frankfurt Airport - Mannheim Hbf - Karlsruhe Hbf - Offenburg Hbf - Freiburg Hbf - Basel Bad bf||Basel SBB||1/day||High-speed|
|Intercity-Express 120||NS, DB||Amsterdam Centraal||Utrecht - Arnhem - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Cologne - Frankfurt Airport||Frankfurt (Main) Hbf||5/day||High-speed|
|Intercity (DB) 140||NS, DB||Amsterdam Centraal||Hilversum - Amersfoort - Apeldoorn - Deventer - Almelo - Hengelo - Bad Bentheim - Rheine - Osnabrück - Bünde/Bad Oeynhausen - Minden - Hanover - Wolfburg Hbf - Stendal - Berlin-Spandau - Berlin Hbf||Berlin Ostbahnhof||two-hourly (8/day)|
|Eurostar 9100||Eurostar||Amsterdam Centraal||Rotterdam Centraal - Brussels South ( - Lille-Europe )||London St Pancras International||3/day||High-speed. Juxtaposed controls and security facilities opened on 26 October 2020.|
|InterCity 9200||NS, NMBS||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Breda - Noorderkempen - Antwerp-Central - Antwerp-Berchem - Mechelen - Brussels Airport-Zaventem - Brussels-North - Brussels-Central||Brussels-South||hourly (16/day)|
|Thalys 9300||NS, NMBS, SNCF||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp-Central - Brussels-South||Paris Nord||10/day||High-speed|
|Thalys 9916||NS, NMBS, SNCF||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp-Central - Brussels-South - Aéroport Charles de Gaulle||Marne-la-Vallée–Chessy||1/day||High-speed|
|Thalys 9920||NS, NMBS, SNCF||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South - Chambéry - Albertville||Bourg-Saint-Maurice||1/week||High-speed, winter only|
|Thalys 9926||NS, NMBS, SNCF||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South - Avignon||Marseille||1/week||High-speed, summer only|
National rail edit
National rail services at the station are provided by NS, the principal rail operator in the Netherlands. NS offers four types of rail service from Amsterdam Centraal: Intercity Direct operating on the HSL-Zuid high-speed rail line, long-distance InterCity services, local Sprinter services, and the Nachtnet night service.
|NS||Den Helder||Den Helder Zuid - Anna Paulowna - Schagen - Heerhugowaard - Alkmaar Noord - Alkmaar - Castricum - Zaandam - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Amstel - Utrecht Centraal - 's-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Roermond - Sittard||Maastricht||2/hour|
|Intercity Direct 900||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam Centraal||Breda||2/hour||
|Intercity Direct 1000||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Schiphol Airport||Rotterdam Centraal||2/hour||
|InterCity 1400||NS||Utrecht Centraal||Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA - Amsterdam Centraal - Schiphol Airport - Leiden Centraal - Den Haag HS - Delft/Gouda||Rotterdam Centraal||1/hour|
|InterCity 1500||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Hilversum - Amersfoort Centraal - Apeldoorn||Deventer||2/hour|
|InterCity 2100||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Haarlem - Heemstede-Aerdenhout - Leiden Centraal||Den Haag Centraal||2/hour||
|InterCity 2200||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Haarlem - Heemstede-Aerdenhout - Leiden Centraal - Den Haag Laan van NOI - Den Haag HS - Delft - Schiedam Centrum - Rotterdam Centraal - Rotterdam Blaak - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Bergen op Zoom - Rilland-Bath - Krabbendijk - Kruiningen-Yerseke - Kapelle-Biezelinge - Goes - Arnemuiden - Middelburg - Vlissingen Souburg||Vlissingen||2/hour||Also calling at Heemstede-Aerdenhout, Den Haag Laan van NOI, Schiedam Centrum, Rotterdam Blaak, Rilland-Bath, Krabbendijk, Kruiningen-Yerseke, Kapelle-Biezelinge, Arnemuiden and Vlissingen Souburg|
|InterCity 2600||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Almere Centrum||2/hour|
|InterCity 12600||NS||Groningen||Groningen Europapark - Haren - Assen - Beilen - Hoogeveen - Meppel - Zwolle - Kampen Zuid - Dronten - Lelystad Centrum - Almere Centrum||Amsterdam Centraal||1/day|
|InterCity 2900||NS||Enkhuizen||Bovenkarspel Flora - Bovenkarspel-Grootebroek - Hoogkarspel - Hoorn Kersenboogerd - Hoorn - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Amstel - Utrecht Centraal - 's-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Roermond - Sittard||Maastricht||2/hour|
|InterCity 3000||NS||Nijmegen||Arnhem Centraal - Ede-Wageningen - Veenendaal-De Klomp - Driebergen-Zeist - Utrecht Centraal - Amsterdam Amstel - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Zaandam - Castricum - Heiloo - Alkmaar - Alkmaar Noord - Heerhugowaard - Schagen - Anna Paulowna - Den Helder Zuid||Den Helder||2/hour|
|NS||Enkhuizen||Bovenkarspel Flora - Bovenkarspel-Grootebroek - Hoogkarspel - Hoorn Kersenboogerd - Hoorn - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Amstel - Utrecht Centraal - 's-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven - Weert - Roermond - Sittard||Heerlen||2/hour|
|Sprinter 4000||NS||Rotterdam Centraal||Rotterdam Noord - Rotterdam Alexander - Capelle Schollevaar - Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel - Gouda - Gouda Goverwelle - Woerden - Breukelen - Abcoude - Amsterdam Holendrecht - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA - Duivendrecht - Amsterdam Amstel - Amsterdam Muiderpoort - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Zaandam - Koog aan de Zaan - Zaandijk Zaanse Schans - Wormerveer - Krommenie-Assendelft||Uitgeest||2/hour|
|InterCity 4500||NS||Enkhuizen||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Hoorn - Hoorn Kersenboogerd - Hoogkarspel - Bovenkarspel-Grootebroek - Bovenkarspel Flora||Amsterdam Centraal||2/hour|
|Sprinter 4600||NS||Den Haag Centraal||Den Haag Laan van NOI - Den Haag Mariahoeve - Voorschoten - De Vink - Leiden Centraal - Sassenheim - Nieuw Vennep - Hoofddorp - Schiphol Airport - Amsterdam Lelylaan - Amsterdam Sloterdijk||Amsterdam Centraal||2/hour|
|Sprinter 14600||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Muiderpoort - Amsterdam Science Park - Diemen - Weesp - Almere Poort - Almere Muziekwijk - Almere Centrum - Almere Parkwijk - Almere Buiten - Almere Oostvaarders - Lelystad Centrum - Dronten - Kampen Zuid||Zwolle||2/hour|
|Sprinter 4800||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Halweg-Zwanenburg - Haarlem Spaarnwoude - Haarlem - Bloemendaal - Santpoort Zuid - Santpoort Noord - Driehuis - Beverwijk - Heemskerk - Uitgeest - Castricum - Heiloo - Alkmaar - Alkmaar Noord - Heerhugowaard - Obdam||Hoorn||2/hour||Runs only 1x per hour between Alkmaar and Hoorn after 8.00 p.m.|
|Sprinter 5400||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Halweg-Zwanenburg - Haarlem Spaarnwoude - Haarlem - Overveen||Zandvoort aan Zee||2/hour|
|Sprinter 5800||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Lelylaan - Schiphol Airport||Hoofddorp||2/hour|
|Sprinter 15800||NS||Amersfoort Vathorst||Amersfoort Schothorst - Amersfoort Centraal - Baarn - Hilversum - Hilversum Media Park - Bussum Zuid - Naarden-Bussum - Weesp - Diemen - Amsterdam Science Park - Amsterdam Muiderpoort||Amsterdam Centraal||2/hour|
|Sprinter 7400||NS||Uitgeest||Krommenie-Assendelft - Wormerveer - Zaandijk Zaanse Schans - Koog aan de Zaan - Zaandam - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Muiderpoort - Amsterdam Amstel - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA - Duivendrecht - Amsterdam Holendrecht - Abcoude - Breukelen - Utrecht Zuilen -Utrecht Centraal - Utrecht Vaartsche Rijn - Bunnik - Driebergen-Zeist - Maarn - Veenendaal West - Veenendaal Centrum||Rhenen||2/hour||Only on weekdays until 8.00 p.m.|
|InterCity 22200||NS||Amsterdam Centraal||Haarlem||1/day||
Railway station layout edit
Amsterdam Centraal has 15 tracks, 11 of which are alongside a platform: four island platforms with tracks along the full length on both sides (tracks 4/5, 7/8, 10/11, 13/14); one side platform with one track along the full length (track 15); and one bay platform with two tracks (tracks 1/2). Platforms 2-15 have an A-side (to the west) and a B-side (to the east). This means that there are 21 places where a train can be positioned for passenger access, with scissors crossings in the middle enabling trains to pass each other. Track 1 terminates short of the western end of the station building, which fronts track 2. Tracks 3, 6, 9, and 12 have no platform.
Diagram (platforms are yellow, tunnels are grey, north is up):
Other transport edit
Metro services edit
Amsterdam Centraal metro station (called Centraal Station on the Amsterdam Metro system) opened in 1980. It is the terminus station of three routes: Route 51 (Amsterdam Centraal - Isolatorweg), Route 53 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gaasperplas), and Route 54 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gein). In July 2018, the new Route 52 (Noord Station - Zuid Station) opened.
The metro station is only accessible with an OV-chipkaart smart card, the national fare system for public transport in the Netherlands. Disposable cards for one-hour, one-day or multiple-day use are available at ticket machines in the metro station hall.
As of 2018, the following metro services call at Centraal Station:
|51||GVB||Centraal Station||Isolatorweg||Nieuwmarkt, Waterlooplein, Weesperplein, Wibautstraat, Amstelstation, Spaklerweg, Overamstel, Station RAI, Station Zuid, Amstelveenseweg, Henk Sneevlietweg, Heemstedestraat, Station Lelylaan, Postjesweg, Jan van Galenstraat, De Vlugtlaan, Station Sloterdijk||8/hour (peak hours), 6/hour (Mon-Sun until 8.00 pm), 5/hour (from 8.00 pm, Sat-Sun until 10.00 am)|
|52||GVB||Noord||Station Zuid||Noorderpark,||10/hour (Mon-Sun until 10.00 pm), 8/hour (Sat-Sun until 10.00 pm, Mon-Sun after 10.00 pm)|
|53||GVB||Centraal Station||Gaasperplas||Nieuwmarkt, Waterlooplein, Weesperplein, Wibautstraat, Amstelstation, Spaklerweg, Van der Madeweg, Venserpolder, Station Diemen Zuid, Verrijn Stuartlaan, Ganzenhoef, Kraaiennest||8/hour (peak hours), 6/hour (Mon-Sun until 10.00 pm), 4/hour (Sat-Sun until 10.00 am, Mon-Sun after 10.00 pm)|
|54||GVB||Centraal Station||Gein||Nieuwmarkt, Waterlooplein, Weesperplein, Wibautstraat, Amstelstation, Spaklerweg, Van der Madeweg, Station Duivendrecht, Strandvliet, Station Bijlmer ArenA, Bullewijk, Station Holendrecht, Reigersbos||8/hour (peak hours), 6/hour (Mon-Sun until 8.00 pm), 5/hour (Sat-Sun until 10.00 am, Mon-Sun after 8.00 pm)|
Tram services edit
Tram services at Amsterdam Centraal are provided from two tram stations on Stationsplein (Station Square), situated in front of the station's main entrance. Tram routes 2, 12, 13 and 17 call on the west side (Westzijde, Platform B) of the square, the other routes call on the east side (Oostzijde, Platform-A).
|2||GVB||Centraal Station||Nieuw Sloten||Leidseplein, Museumplein, Willemsparkweg, Hoofddorpplein, Heemstedestraat metro station, Sloten||8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)|
|4||GVB||Centraal Station||Station RAI||Rembrandtplein, De Pijp, Rivierenbuurt||6x per hour. 4x per hour (Evenings/Sundays)|
|12||GVB||Centraal Station||Amstel Station||Leidseplein, Museumplein, De Pijp||6 to 8x per hour. 6 to 9x per hour (Saturday). 6 to 8x per hour (Sundays)|
|13||GVB||Centraal Station||Geuzenveld||Westermarkt, Oud West, Overtooseveld Noord, Jan van Galenstraat metro station, Slotermeer||6 to 8x per hour. 4 to 8x per hour (Sundays)|
|14||GVB||Centraal Station||Flevopark||Waterlooplein, Artis, Alexanderplein||8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)|
|17||GVB||Centraal Station||Dijkgraafplein (Osdorp)||Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Bus Station, Kinkerstraat, Surinameplein, Lelylaan station, Meer en Vaart, Osdorp Central||6 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekend)|
|26||GVB||Centraal Station||IJburg||Piet Heinkade, Rietlandpark, Zuiderzeeweg (P&R), IJburglaan||6 to 10x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)|
Bus services edit
City services edit
|18||GVB||K||Centraal Station||Slotervaart||Westerdok, De Baarsjes, Mercatorplein, Postjesweg metro station, Johan Huizingalaan|
|21||GVB||K||Centraal Station||Geuzenveld||Westerdok, Van Hallstraat, Haarlemmerweg, Bos en Lommerplein, De Vlugtlaan metro station, Geuzenveld Noord|
|22||GVB||C and J||Muiderpoort Station||Station Sloterdijk||Spaarndammerbuurt, Centraal Station, Indische Buurt|
|43||GVB||E||Centraal Station||Borneo Eiland||Java Eiland, KNSM Eiland|
City nightbuses edit
Night bus services operate daily, starting around midnight and running until around 6 AM. From Monday to Thursday, night buses run once per hour. On Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays, they run twice per hour. As of December 2014, all night buses depart from platform G on the lake side of the station and call at all main entertainment areas in Amsterdam's city centre, including Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein.
|N01||EBS||Centraal Station||Purmerend Overwhere|
|N04||EBS||Centraal Station||Purmerend Purmer-Noord|
|N47||Connexxion||Centraal Station||Uithoorn, via Amstelveen|
|N57||Connexxion||Centraal Station||Aalsmeer, via Amstelveen|
|N81||GVB||Centraal Station||Station Sloterdijk|
|N83||GVB||Centraal Station||Osdorp de Aker|
|N84||GVB||Centraal Station||Amstelveen Busstation|
|N86||GVB||Centraal Station||Station Bijlmer ArenA|
|N87||GVB||Centraal Station||Station Bijlmer ArenA|
|N88||GVB||Centraal Station||Nieuwe Sloten|
|N89||GVB||Centraal Station||IJburg, via Muiderpoort Station|
|N92||Connexxion||Centraal Station||Zaandam Station|
|N97||Connexxion||Centraal Station||Nieuw-Vennep, via Schiphol Airport|
Noord Holland services edit
EBS (part of Egged) regional bus services depart from a new bus station on the IJ lake side of the station (beyond platform 15). This can be reached from the main central walkway via escalators. Connexxion bus services depart from the Kamperbrug bus stops on the city centre side of the station.
- 305 (EBS - R-Net) Centraal Station - Schouw - Watergang - Ilpendam - Purmerend Tramplein - Zuidoostbeemster - Middenbeemster - De Rijp
- 306 (EBS - R-Net) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend Gors-Noord - Purmerend Wheermolen - Purmerend Overwhere
- 314 (EBS - R-Net) Centraal Station - Broek in Waterland - Edam Bus Station - Oosthuizen - Scharwoude - Hoorn
- 316 (EBS - R-Net) Centraal Station - Volendam East - Edam - Edam Bus Station Limited stop between Amsterdam and Volendam
- 391 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Zaandam De Vlinder - Zaandam ZMC - Zaandam Kogerveld - Zaanse Schans
- 394 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Zaandam De Vlinder - Zaandam Zuid - Zaandam Station
Ferry services edit
Free of charge ferry services from Amsterdam Centraal to the borough of Amsterdam North across the IJ lake depart from the quay on the northern side of the station at the De Ruijterkade. Just behind the station is the EYE Film Institute Netherlands, easily accessible with a free ferry.
|IJpleinveer (F2)||GVB||Centraal Station||IJplein||2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday)||On Sunday mornings limited services.|
|Buiksloterwegveer (F3)||GVB||Centraal Station||Buiksloterweg||24 hours a day, every 6 to 12 minutes (Monday to Sunday)|
|NDSM-werfveer (F4)||GVB||Centraal Station||NDSM-werf||2 to 4x per hour (Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday)||Late night services Friday (Saturday early morning) and Saturday (Sunday early morning). On Sunday mornings limited services.|
See also edit
- Inline citations
- "Stationsplein 9 Amsterdam". Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Amsterdam Central Station Island". Amsterdam Central Station Island Coordinator Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 July 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Revival Styles: Holland". European Architecture. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- "Royal waiting room at Amsterdam Central Station". Netherlands Architecture Institute. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Centraal Station (1882-1889)" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Wintle, Michael. 'Visualising Commerce and Empire: Decorating the Built Environment of Amsterdam', in: de Waard, Marco (ed.). Imagining Global Amsterdam: History, Culture, and Geography in a World City. Amsterdam University Press 2012.
- Banerjee, Jacqueline (10 August 2013). "Central Station, Amsterdam, by P. J. H. Cuypers (1827-1921), with Adolf L. van Gendt (1835-1901)". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Mak, Geert. Amsterdam. A Brief Life of the City. 1999
- Groß, p. 50
- Robert Thorne, "Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 9 Jan 2008
- "Stations in aanbouw". Spoor (in Dutch). Nederlandse Spoorwegen. 2014 (3): 50–51. September 2014.
- "Transport Secretary hails new horizons for rail travel across Europe". Gov.uk. HM Government. 4 February 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- "Eurostar transforms link between London and Amsterdam with services now direct both to and from the Netherlands". Eurostar. 4 February 2020. Archived from the original on 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
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