Amphibious transport dock

An amphibious transport dock, also called a landing platform dock (LPD),[1] is an amphibious warfare ship, a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions.[2] Several navies currently operate this kind of ship. The ships are generally designed to transport troops into a war zone by sea, primarily using landing craft, although invariably they also have the capability to operate transport helicopters.

The interior configuration of the United States Navy's San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock shows features common to most LPDs

Amphibious transport docks perform the mission of amphibious transports, amphibious cargo ships, and the older dock landing ships (LSD) by incorporating both a flight deck and a well deck that can be ballasted and deballasted to support landing craft or amphibious vehicles. The main difference between LSDs and LPDs is that while both have helicopter landing decks, the LPD also has hangar facilities for protection and maintenance.[3] In the United States Navy, the newer class of LPD has succeeded the older classes of LSDs, and both the Navy and United States Marine Corps are looking to the LPD to be the basis of their new LX(R) program to replace their LSDs.[4]

LPD classesEdit

Country Class In service Commissioned Length Beam Draft Displacement (mt) Note Image
  Algeria Kalaat Béni Abbès 1 2015 143 m (469 ft) 21.5 m (71 ft) 5.3 m (17 ft) 9,000  
  Brazil Bahia 1 2016 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Ex-Siroco (L9012) sold to Brazil Navy in 2015, renamed Bahia (G40).  
  Chile Sargento Aldea 1 2011 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Ex-Foudre (L9011) sold to Chile Navy in 2011, renamed Sargento Aldea (LSDH-91).  
  China Type 071 (Yuzhao) 8 2007 210 m (690 ft) 28 m (92 ft) 7 m (23 ft) 25,000  
  India Jalashwa class 1 2007 173.7 m (570 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,600 Ex-USS Trenton (LPD-14) sold to the Indian Navy in 2007, renamed INS Jalashwa (L41).  
  Indonesia Makassar 5 2007 122–125 m (400–410 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394  
  Italy San Giorgio 3 1987 133 m (436 ft) 20.5 m (67 ft) 7,650 (San Giorgio and San Marco)
7,980 (San Giusto)
 
  Japan Ōsumi 3 1998 178 m (584 ft) 25.8 m (85 ft) 6.0 m (19.7 ft) 14,000  
  Myanmar Makassar 1 2019 122–125 m (400–410 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394 UMS Moattama
  Netherlands Rotterdam 2 1997 166 m (545 ft) 27 m (89 ft) 6.0 m (19.7 ft) 12,750 (Rotterdam)
16,800 (Johan de Witt)
 
  Peru Makassar 2 on order[5] 122 m (400 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394  
  Philippines Tarlac 2 2016[6] 123 m (404 ft) 21.8 m (72 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 11,583  
  Singapore Endurance 4 2000 141 m (463 ft) 21 m (69 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 8,500  
  Spain Galicia 2 1998 166 m (545 ft) 25 m (82 ft) 5.8 m (19 ft) 13,815  
  Taiwan Yushan 1 2021 153 m (502 ft)[7] 23 m (75 ft)[7] 6.0 m (19.7 ft)[7] 10,600[7]  
  Thailand Angthong 1 2012 141 m (463 ft) 21 m (69 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 8,500  
  United Kingdom Albion 2 2003 176 m (577 ft) 28.9 m (95 ft) 7.1 m (23 ft) 19,560  
  United Kingdom Bay-class landing ship 4 2007 176.6 m (579 ft) 26.9 m (88 ft) 5.8 m (19 ft) 16,160  
  United States San Antonio 12 2006 208 m (682 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 7.0 m (23.0 ft) 24,900  

DecommissionedEdit

Country Class Out of service Commissioned Length Beam Draft Displacement (mt) Note
  France Ouragan 2 1963–2007 149 m (489 ft) 21.5 m (71 ft) 5.4 m (18 ft) 8,500  
Bougainville 1 1988–2008 113.50 m (372.4 ft) 17.00 m (55.77 ft) 4.24 m (13.9 ft) 4,870  
Foudre 2 1990–2015 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Sold to Chile and Brazil.  
  United States Raleigh 3 1962–2005 159 m (522 ft) 30 m (98 ft) 7.0 m (23.0 ft) 13,818 USS La Salle (LPD-3) converted from Landing Platform Dock to Auxiliary Flagship and redesignated as USS La Salle (AGF-3) in 1972.  
Austin 3 1965–2007 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914  
Austin (Cleveland subclass) 7 1967–2014 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914 Some sources consider Cleveland (seven built) to be a part of the Austin class. USS Coronado (LPD-11) converted from Landing Platform Dock to Auxiliary Flagship and redesignated as USS Coronado (AGF-11) in 1980.  
Austin (Trenton subclass) 2 1971–2017 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914 Some sources consider Trenton (two built) ships to be a part of the Austin class. Ex-USS Trenton (LPD-14) sold to the Indian Navy and in active service with Indian Navy. USS Ponce (LPD-15) converted (AFSB(I)-15).  
  Indonesia Tanjung Dalpele 1 2003-2007 122 m (400 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394 Converted to a hospital ship in 2007, renamed KRI Dr Soeharso (990).  
  United Kingdom Fearless 2 1965-2002 158.5 m (520 ft) 24.4 m (80 ft) 6.3 m (21 ft) 16,950 Scrapped between 2002 and 2008. HMS Ocean provided amphibious cover until the two ships of the Albion class were available.  

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Royal Navy. "Landing Platform Dock". Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Northrop wins contract add-on for 10th LPD-class amphibious transport dock ship". The Mississippi Press. 30 April 2010.
  3. ^ "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  4. ^ "[USMC General] Amos: Replace LSD amphib fleet with LPDs". military.com. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2013-07-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Philippine Navy selects PT PAL for SSV procurement - IHS Jane's 360". Archived from the original on 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
  7. ^ a b c d "Taiwan's First LPD Launched by Local Shipbuilder CSBC". 13 April 2021.