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Amazonas (Venezuelan state)

Amazonas State (Spanish: Estado Amazonas, IPA: [esˈtaðo amaˈsonas]) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. It covers nearly a fifth of the area of Venezuela, but has less than 1% of Venezuela's population.

Tepuy Autana (Kuaymayojo), Amazonas State
Tepuy Autana (Kuaymayojo), Amazonas State
Honor y Lealtad
(English: Honor and Loyalty)
Anthem: Himno del Estado Amazonas
Location within Venezuela
Location within Venezuela
CapitalPuerto Ayacucho
 • GovernorMiguel Rodríguez (2017–present)
 • Total183,500 km2 (70,800 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
 19.38% of Venezuela
 (2011 est.)
 • Total146,480
 • Rank24th
 0.3% of Venezuela
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (VET)
ISO 3166 codeVE-Z
Emblematic treeCaucho (Hevea benthamiana)
^[c] Until this date, Amazonas had the status of Federal Territory.

The state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. The capital until the early 1900s was San Fernando de Atabapo. Although named after the Amazon River, most of the state is drained by the Orinoco River. Amazonas State covers 176,899 km² and, in 2007, had a population of 142,200. Its density is 0.8 inhabitants per km².

Amazonas has Venezuela's highest proportion of indigenous peoples of Venezuela; these make up only around 1.5% of the population nationwide, but the proportion is nearly 50% in Amazonas.[1]


The territory covered by present-day Amazonas was previously part of the Guayana Province, a Province of the Spanish Empire (from 1585) and later of Venezuela (until 1864, when the Provinces of Venezuela were replaced by the States of Venezuela, following the Federal War). Amazonas was created as a state in 1994, having been a Federal Territory since 1864.

Municipalities and municipal seatsEdit

Municipality Capital km² Pop Map
Alto Orinoco Municipality La Esmeralda 49.217 km² 14.222 hab. (2008)  
Atabapo Municipality San Fernando de Atabapo 25.062 km² 12.797 hab. (2007)  
Atures Municipality Puerto Ayacucho 7.302 km² 91.386 hab (2007)  
Autana Municipality Isla Ratón 12.291 km² 8.181 hab (2007)  
Manapiare Municipality San Juan de Manapiare 32.042 km² 9.658 hab (2007)  
Maroa Municipality Maroa 13.082 km² 8.181 hab (2005)  
Río Negro Municipality San Carlos de Río Negro 37.903 km² 9.658 hab (2007)  
Cerro Wahari in Amazonas, Venezuela.
The Tobogán de la Selva, near to Puerto Ayacucho.


Race and ethnicityEdit

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[2]

Racial composition Population %
Mestizo N/A 60.6
White 54,102 34.4
Black 6,291 4.1
Other race N/A 0.9

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", Latin American Perspectives 30(1), p52
  2. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External linksEdit