Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda

Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda (French pronunciation: [ameli le bɛ̃ palalda] (About this soundlisten); Catalan: Els Banys i Palaldà) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Prior to 1942, it was known as Amélie-les-Bains.

Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
The Mondony river and the parish church of Our Lady of Life, in Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
The Mondony river and the parish church of Our Lady of Life, in Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Coat of arms of Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Location of Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda is located in France
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda is located in Occitanie
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda
Coordinates: 42°28′34″N 2°40′21″E / 42.4761°N 2.6725°E / 42.4761; 2.6725Coordinates: 42°28′34″N 2°40′21″E / 42.4761°N 2.6725°E / 42.4761; 2.6725
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentPyrénées-Orientales
ArrondissementCéret
CantonLe Canigou
IntercommunalityLe Haut Vallespir
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Marie Costa
Area
1
29.43 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
3,503
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
66003 /66110
Elevation176–1,424 m (577–4,672 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is situated in the Tech valley, and combines the old and the new with a mix of narrow cobbled streets and modern accommodation. It has become a 'station verte' meaning that it must strive at all times to ensure that tourists benefit from a calm and natural environment.

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda is located in the canton of Le Canigou and in the arrondissement of Céret. It sits at the confluence of the Mondony with the Tech, 28.5 miles (46 km) SSW of Perpignan by road. The town is situated at a height of 770 feet (230 m) and has both a winter and summer season.[2]

 
Map of Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda and its surrounding communes

ClimateEdit

In the winter season the average temperature is about 10 degrees Celsius, and in the summer it is roughly 29 degrees Celsius. Thunderstorms are not infrequent in the area, and the telltale signs are small showers throughout the day.[verification needed]

SpringsEdit

The town has numerous sulphur springs (20-60C.). They have been used as baths by sufferers from rheumatism and illnesses of the lungs. By the end of the 19th century there were two bathing establishments, one of which preserved remains of Roman baths, and a large military thermal hospital.[2]

ToponymyEdit

The town, formerly called Les-Bains-d'Arles, became Fort-les-Bains in 1670 after the construction of the new castle. It was renamed Amélie-les-Bains in 1840 after Queen Amelia wife of Louis Philippe.[3] She finally visited the town in 1848, and subsequently promoted it.[4] In Catalan it is still called Els banys d'Arles.

HistoryEdit

Government and politicsEdit

MayorsEdit

François Mefler, mayor of Amélie-les-Bains since October 1941, becomes the new mayor of Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda in October 1942, after Amélie-les-Bains and Palalda were united together.[5]

Mayor Term start Term end
François Mefler October 1942 August 1944
Gaudérique Parent August 1944 March 1945
Georges Bosch March 1945 December 1950
Jean Trescases December 1950 January 1951
Gustave Pouzens February 1951 February 1952
Paul Alduy February 1952 March 1959
Jean Aspar March 1959 April 1959
Jacqueline Alduy April 1959 March 2001
Alexandre Reynal March 2001 July 2020
Marie Costa July 2020[6]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19623,001—    
19683,662+22.0%
19753,908+6.7%
19823,713−5.0%
19903,239−12.8%
19993,475+7.3%
20063,723+7.1%
20093,695−0.8%

Sites of interestEdit

  • Fort-les-Bains, fortress built in 1670 above Amélie-les-Bains.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Maximilien Chaudoir (1816–1881) : Russian entomologist, died in Amélie-les-Bains ;
  • Pierre Restany (1930–2003) : art critic and philosopher, born in Amélie-les-Bains.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amélie-Les-Bains". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 804.
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio (2014). 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan [66 Little Stories of Catalan Country] (in French). Perpignan: Ultima Necat. ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8. OCLC 893847466.
  5. ^ MairesGenWeb
  6. ^ "Municipales - P.-O. : Marie Costa a été élue maire à Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda". L'Indépendant. 2020-07-05. Retrieved 2020-07-09.

External linksEdit