|Canton||La Malepère à la Montagne Noire|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Régis Banquet|
|22.38 km2 (8.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||108–242 m (354–794 ft) |
(avg. 129 m or 423 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alzonnois or Alzonnoises
The commune is located in the Lauragais valley some 15 km west of Carcassonne and 15 km east of Castelnaudary. The route D6113 passes through the commune from west to east between these two cities and becomes National Route N113 near Carcassonne. The Autoroute des Deux Mers (A61, E80) passes just 1 km south of the commune but the nearest exit is to the D43 near Bram. Other roads running into the commune are the D8 from Montolieu in the north, the D34 from Saint-Martin-le-Vieil in the northwest, and the D33 running west to east from Bram to Villesèquelande forms the southern border of the commune with a connecting road running north to the village. The Bordeaux-Sète railway runs west to east across the southern part of the commune but there is no station. The nearest station is at Bram.
The Fresquel river runs from west to east through the commune passing just south of the village and joining the Aude at Carcassonne. The Fresquel is joined by the Lampy just east of the village and a number of streams flow into the two rivers including the Ruisseau de Fontorbe, the Ruisseau de Rebenty, the Ruisseau de Falgous, and the Vernassonne which forms a part of the northern border of the commune. The Canal du Midi also passes through the southern part of the commune.
The commune is mostly farmland with some forests in the north. Apart from the village of Alzonne there are also the hamlets of Fongayraud and La Rode near the village, and La Migance in the north.
Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit
The name Alsona dates from 898 and comes from Fresquel. It is based on the Hydronymic root alz- meaning "alder" or "swamp" (Dauzat, Negre, Billy, Morvan) and the suffix -onna.
Alzonne from the 9th century was a town of some importance as it was once the capital of the viguerie of its name: vicaria Ausonensis; therefore Alzonne was also known in pago Carcassensi. In this respect the situation of Alzonne has hardly changed since this small town is today the capital of the canton of its name in the arrondissement of Carcassonne.
Its ancient and enduring importance is due to the fertility of its land and the rivers that form its fertile valley. Once the city was fortified and was besieged and taken three times during the Wars of Religion of the 16th century. It was a strategic place in the crusade against the Albigensians.
|The official Blazon remains to be determined.
List of Successive Mayors of Alzonne
- Mayors from 1929
Culture and heritageEdit
The commune has two structures that are registered as historical objects:
- Other sites of interest
The Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
- "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- Inhabitants of Aude (in French)
- Google Maps
- Dezobry and Bachelet, Dictionnary of Biography, Vol. 1, Ch. Delagrave, 1876, p. 68 (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM11000173 War Memorial (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM11000172 Monument to Vialatte (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11001688 Bronze bell (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11001687 Bronze bell (in French)
- Alzonne on the old National Geographic Institute website (in French)
- Alzonne on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Alzonne on the 1750 Cassini Map