Altnaharra

Altnaharra (Scottish Gaelic: Allt na h-Eirbhe)[1] is a small hamlet in Sutherland in the Highland region of northern Scotland. The hamlet is on the A836 road, close to its junction with the B873. The nearest villages are Lairg and Tongue. Lochs in the area include Loch Naver and Loch Eriboll.

Altnaharra
Altnaharra Church.jpg
Altnaharra Church
Altnaharra is located in Sutherland
Altnaharra
Altnaharra
Location within the Sutherland area
OS grid referenceNC567352
• Edinburgh168 mi (270 km)
• London498 mi (801 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLAIRG
Postcode districtIV27
Dialling code01549
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
58°17′N 4°27′W / 58.28°N 4.45°W / 58.28; -4.45Coordinates: 58°17′N 4°27′W / 58.28°N 4.45°W / 58.28; -4.45

The name Altnaharra is derived from the Scottish Gaelic Allt na h-Eirbhe, meaning Stream at the boundary wall. This is named after a stream that flows through the hamlet.

BuildingsEdit

Altnaharra is famous for the Altnaharra Hotel, which opened in 1820 and quickly became a popular place for anglers to stay while visiting nearby lochs. The hotel was also popular with mountain climbers; it generally closes for winter and re-opens in March. Ben Hope and Ben Klibreck are two mountains in the immediate area of the hamlet.

Altnaharra parish church was built between 1854–1857 by Hugh Mackay as a Free Church. It subsequently became part of the Church of Scotland, but no regular services are presently conducted in the building.[2] Altnaharra is now part of the parish of Altnaharra and Farr, served by the church at Strathnaver.[3]

Weather stationEdit

Altnaharra has a Met Office weather station. The village's northerly latitude and inland location mean that in winter it often features in the daily weather extremes for the United Kingdom. It is unusual in that the coldest month of the year is normally December. On 30 December 1995, the UK's lowest recorded temperature −27.2 °C (−17.0 °F) was measured there. This matched recordings at Braemar in the Grampians on 11 February 1895 and on 10 January 1982.

On 20 March 2009, it was recorded as the warmest place in the UK, at 18.5 °C (65.3 °F), which was the station's warmest recorded March temperature and possibly the first time the station had recorded the warmest UK temperature.[4] The station also reported the equal warmest national temperature of 12.3 °C (54.1 °F), with Tain on 20 January 2020.[5] On 19 June 2020, the station had both the warmest temperature, 22.2 °C (72.0 °F), and the coldest temperature, 7.6 °C (45.7 °F), reported anywhere in the United Kingdom on that day.[6] The March 2009 temperature was beaten on 25 March 2017 when the station recorded 19.7 °C (67.5 °F). Also on 26 May 2017, the station recorded its highest May temperature of 28.0 °C (82.4 °F), beating the previous 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) recorded on 27 May 2012.[7][8] On 8 January 2010, the temperature dipped to −22.3 °C (−8.1 °F), the coldest temperature recorded in the UK since 1995.[9] On 3 November 2015 the warmest November temperature of 16.1 °C (61.0 °F) was reached,[10] followed by 15.6 °C (60.1 °F) on 17 December 2015 being the warmest December temperature on record at the weather station.[11] On 25 January 2016, the highest January temperature of 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) was reached.[12] On 24 September 2020, Altnaharra reported −5.0 °C (23.0 °F) which was the lowest reported September temperature at this station, as well as being the coldest in the UK since 1997.[13]

Altnaharra has an oceanic climate (Cfb) with short, mild summers and long, cool winters. Precipitation occurs regularly year round.

Climate data for Altnaharra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
13.6
(56.5)
19.7
(67.5)
24.5
(76.1)
28.0
(82.4)
28.4
(83.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.2
(84.6)
25.3
(77.5)
21.7
(71.1)
16.1
(61.0)
15.6
(60.1)
30.1
(86.2)
Average high °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
6.6
(43.9)
8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.0
(60.8)
17.8
(64.0)
17.7
(63.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
8.6
(47.5)
6.1
(43.0)
11.7
(53.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
0.7
(33.3)
2.1
(35.8)
4.0
(39.2)
7.1
(44.8)
9.7
(49.5)
9.3
(48.7)
6.8
(44.2)
4.5
(40.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Record low °C (°F) −22.3
(−8.1)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−10.0
(14.0)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−27.2
(−17.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 142.4
(5.61)
108.4
(4.27)
115.9
(4.56)
74.5
(2.93)
60.8
(2.39)
60.2
(2.37)
61.1
(2.41)
66.7
(2.63)
106.5
(4.19)
139.4
(5.49)
127.7
(5.03)
132.7
(5.22)
1,196.3
(47.10)
Average rainy days 19.1 17.3 19.1 15.0 13.0 13.0 12.4 14.4 15.9 20.0 18.9 18.1 196.2
Source 1: Met Office 1981–2010 averages[14]
Source 2: En.tutiempo[15]


Notable personsEdit

  • Linda Norgrove, kidnapped by the Taliban in Afghanistan, and killed by a US grenade during a rescue effort, was born at Altnaharra.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (27 February 2017). "Altnaharra" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Altnaharra Parish Church". 8 May 2017.
  3. ^ Scotland, The Church of (10 August 2010). "Find your local church". The Church of Scotland.
  4. ^ "Climate summaries". Met Office.
  5. ^ Met Office [@metoffice] (21 January 2020). "An intense area of high pressure, with barometer readings in excess of 1050 hPa in places, brought a fine, settled day for most, with lots of sunshine ☀️ Western and northern Scotland and Northern Ireland were cloudier and damp in places" (Tweet). Retrieved 27 September 2020 – via Twitter.
  6. ^ Met Office [@metoffice] (19 June 2020). "Friday saw a mix of sunshine and showers. Some of them were heavy, with a few rumbles of thunder too. Here are the extremes for Friday" (Tweet). Retrieved 27 September 2020 – via Twitter.
  7. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (May 2012) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  8. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (May 2017) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  9. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (Year 2010) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  10. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (November 2015) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  11. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (December 2015) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  12. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 (January 2016) - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.
  13. ^ Met Office [@metoffice] (24 September 2020). "Did you notice how cold it was this morning? Last night the temperature fell to -5.0°C at Altnaharra, making it the coldest September night in the UK since 1997 The record minimum temperature for September is -6.7°C, recorded in Dalwhinnie on 26th September 1942" (Tweet). Retrieved 27 September 2020 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ "Altnaharra SAWS climate". Met Office. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  15. ^ S.L, Tutiempo Network. "Climate ALTNAHARRA NO2 - Climate data (30440)". www.tutiempo.net.

External linksEdit