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Altötting (German pronunciation: [altˈˀœtɪŋ] (About this soundlisten), locally [ɔidˈɛːde̝ŋ]) is a town in Bavaria, capital of the district Altötting of Germany. For 500 years it has been the scene of religious pilgrimages by Catholics in honor of Mary including a visit by Pope John Paul II in 1980 and Pope Benedict XVI in 2006.

Altötting
The Shrine of Our Lady of Altötting
Coat of arms of Altötting
Coat of arms
Location of Altötting within Altötting district
Altötting in AÖ.svg
Altötting is located in Germany
Altötting
Altötting
Altötting is located in Bavaria
Altötting
Altötting
Coordinates: 48°13′36″N 12°40′42″E / 48.22667°N 12.67833°E / 48.22667; 12.67833Coordinates: 48°13′36″N 12°40′42″E / 48.22667°N 12.67833°E / 48.22667; 12.67833
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictAltötting
Subdivisions40 official subdivisions
Government
 • MayorHerbert Hofauer (FW)
Area
 • Total23.43 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Elevation
403 m (1,322 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total12,969
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
84503
Dialling codes08671
Vehicle registration
Websitewww.altoetting.de

HistoryEdit

During the Carolingian period, there was a royal palace here. Nearby, King Carloman erected a Benedictine monastery in 876, with Werinolf as first abbot, and also built the abbey church in honour of the Apostle St. Philip. In 907 King Louis the Child gave the abbey in commendam to Burchard, the Bishop of Passau (903-915), (probably identical with Burchard, second and last abbot). In 910 the Hungarians ransacked and burnt the church and abbey.

In 1228 Duke Louis I of Bavaria rebuilt these buildings and, after they were sanctified, placed them in charge of twelve Canons Regular, headed by a provost. The canons remained until the secularization of the Bavarian monasteries in 1803.[2]

Saint Conrad of Parzham, O.F.M. Cap., (1818–1894) served as porter at the Friary of St. Ann in the city of Altötting for 40 years.

Grace ChapelEdit

 
The Chapel of Grace

This small town is famous for the Gnadenkapelle (Chapel of Grace), one of the most-visited shrines in Germany. This is a tiny octagonal chapel which keeps a venerated statue of the Virgin Mary. According to the legend, in 1489, a 3-year-old local boy who had drowned in the river was revived when his grieving mother placed him in front of a wooden statue of the Virgin Mary at the high altar. News of the miracle quickly spread, and the chapel was immediately extended by the erection of a nave and a covered walkway.[3]

In the Treasure Vault of the Holy Chapel of Altötting is the Golden Horse, or "Goldenes Rössli", a 62 cm-high altarpiece made of gold and gilded silver, with golden figures coated with different coloured enamel. It depicts the Virgin Mary with the Christ Child, and, as children, John the Baptist, John the evangelist and St. Catherine. In the foreground is King Charles VI of France. This masterpiece of the goldsmith's craft was a gift from Isabeau, Queen of France, a member of the Wittelsbach Bavarian royal family.[4]

The tradition of Bavaria calls for the heart of the deceased king to be placed in an urn and kept at the chapel at Altötting. The heart of King Ludwig II of Bavaria, the builder of Neuschwanstein castle, lies in this chapel, along with those of his grandfathers and father.

SightsEdit

Other architectural highlights in the town are the twin-towered Stiftskirche, a late Gothic church erected in the early years of the 16th century in order to cater for the growing affluence of pilgrims, and the huge Neo-baroque Basilika, built at the beginning of the 20th century.

International relationsEdit

 
Town Hall

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Altötting is twinned with:[5]

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

In this list are the 'personalities with respect to the city Altötting' listed.

 
Siegmund von Pranckh (1895/1896)
 
Abraham Megerle

Personalities active locallyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Wikisource:Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Oettingen
  3. ^ "Altötting". www.altoetting.de. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  4. ^ "The Treasure Vault of the Holy Chapel". Stadt Altötting. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Association of Towns awarded The Europe Prize". czestochowa.um.gov.pl. Retrieved 2009-10-10.

External linksEdit