Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II
Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803) was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah I and Umda Begum. His official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam 'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan.
|Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Asaf Jah II|
|The II Nizam of Hyderabad state|
|Nizam of Hyderabad|
|Reign||8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803|
|Successor||Asaf Jah III|
|Born||7 March 1734|
Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in India)
|Died||6 August 1803 (aged 69)|
Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
|Noble family||Asaf Jahi dynasty|
|Service/||Nizam of Hyderabad|
|Battles/wars||Mughal-Maratha Wars, Anglo-Mysore Wars|
Nizam of HyderabadEdit
Faujdar of the DeccanEdit
Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander.
Shah Alam II' – Subedar of the DeccanEdit
After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 immediately advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali then seized the Bidar Fort and later arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung (supported by the French East India Company), from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.
Asaf Jah II became the Subedar of the Deccan on 8 July 1762. He transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763 as Aurangabad was very close to Maratha Territory and therefore prone to aggression.
Supporting Shah Alam IIEdit
Nizam's incoherence with Hyder AliEdit
Nizam's intervention against the PeshwaEdit
In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa. The Nizam marched towards Poona, but little did he know that Rughunathrao was going to betray him. In 1763, Madhavrao II along with Rughunathrao defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas.
Fall of MysoreEdit
The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company. Thus Hyderabad, which is in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj.
Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803.
- History of modern Deccan, 1720/1724-1948: Volume 1
- Desai, Ranjit. Swami.
- The Marathas 1600–1818, Band 2 by Stewart Gordon p.169